Thu phi bao tri duong bo nhu the nao

Thứ tư, 16 Tháng hai 2011, 10:00 GMT+7

Theo du thao duoc Bo GTVT trinh len Chinh phu, co 2 phuong an thu Quy Bao tri Duong bo (QBTDB): Thu qua dau phuong tien va nhien lieu (xang, dau). Bo truong Bo GTVT Ho Nghia Dung cho rang: “Bo GTVT nghieng ve ca hai phuong an. Tuy nhien, thu qua gia xang la cong bang nhat, va day la phuong phap thu ma the gioi hien dang ap dung”.

Thu phi, gay anh huong tam ly?
Bo truong Ho Nghia Dung noi: Phuong an thu qua gia xang dau dam bao duoc cong bang, xe lan banh chay nhieu, tieu nhieu xang dau thi phai tra nhieu.

Du vay, ong Dung cung neu ra mat ton tai cua phuong an thu QBTDB qua xang dau can phai khac phuc, neu nhu phuong an nay duoc chap thuan.

Cu the, viec to chuc thu nhu the nao doi voi xe chay xang, xe chay dau, cac phuong tien khac khong chay xang dau cung dang la van de. “Chung ta khong the biet nguoi ta mua xang ve de chay phuong tien giao thong hay de su dung vao nhung viec khac nua. Viec nay rat kho xac dinh” - Bo truong Bo GTVT noi.

Thu qua dau phuong tien lo ngai phi chong phi. (Anh: Dat Viet)
Thu phi bao tri duong bo nhu the nao?

Ngoai ra, theo Bo truong Bo GTVT, do con la van de tam ly, boi, thu phi qua gia xang dau la nhien lieu dang bi kiem soat gia, khi moi lan gia xang dau co bien dong lai gay anh huong tam ly.

Them vao do, cac chi phi khac nhu phi moi truong, ket cau ha tang giao thong cung qua gia xang, no co the doi gia xang thuc te len, nen rat nhay cam trong tac dong xa hoi. Do la chua ke viec truy thu QBTDB tu cac don vi kinh doanh xang dau nhu the nao, tinh ra sao cung la mot van de can phai quan tam.

Cung chung quan diem voi Bo truong Bo GTVT, Chu tich Hiep hoi Van tai O to Viet Nam Nguyen Manh Hung cung nhan thay, thu phi lap QBTDB qua xang dau uu viet hon qua dau phuong tien (nhu dam bao tinh cong bang, giam chi phi quan ly...). Tuy nhien, nhieu linh vuc da thu qua xang, dau roi nay lai thu phi lap QBTDB so them ganh nang.

Thu qua dau phuong tien: Lo ngai phi chong phi

"O chieu nguoc lai khi noi ve tinh kha thi cua phuong an thu phi QBTDB qua dau phuong tien nhu xe di it, xe di nhieu; thu xe khach, hoac co nhieu xe gan may giay to khong mang ten chinh chu thi lam sao thu duoc?" - ong Nguyen Manh Hung ban khoan.

“Xe may hien nay khong co kiem dinh thi thu kieu gi neu noi thu phi phuong tien tai cac tram kiem dinh? Con o to, neu thu se khong cong bang vi xe cong cong hoat dong nhieu, xe tu nhan hoat dong it nhung thu phi bang nhau thi khong on. Con xe khach, chinh nguoi dan di xe se phai tra tien nay vi nha xe se dua vao gia ve”, ong Hung noi

Them vao do, ong Hung cho rang: Neu chap nhan thu qua dau phuong tien thi co quan chuc nang phai phan loai phuong tien, lam the nao de viec thu phi don gian nhat nhung phai triet de va giam chi phi quan ly. Neu khong, tien dan dong gop bi tieu ton nhieu qua cho cong tac quan ly quy.

Ngoai ra, ong Hung cung ban khoan truoc su hien dien cua nhieu tram thu phi tren duong bo. Neu thu phi tren dau o to, xe may se co nguy co phi chong phi. “Cac tram thu phi cua nha nuoc va tram nha nuoc ban quyen thu phi co the bo, nhung cac tram BOT cua doanh nghiep bo tien ra lam thi sao?" - ong Hung dat van de.

Theo ong Hung, Nha nuoc phai tinh toan lam sao de cac tram thu phi BOT chi thu du chi phi da bo ra de lam duong chu khong duoc thu them, neu khong se lai phi chong phi. Tuc la, nguoi dan da nop tien cho QBTDB roi, khong le lai nop tiep cho viec bao tri duong bo qua cac tram thu phi BOT? Neu lam khong tot viec nay, se vo tinh gay ra su lang phi va bat on.


Bo GTVT cung dua ra giai phap xu ly cac tram thu phi hien nay sau khi co QBTDB. Theo do, ca nuoc co 59 tram thu phi, Bo GTVT de nghi 30 tram BOT tiep tuc thu de hoan von dau tu va bao tri; se xoa bo cac tram ban ban quyen thu phi sau nam 2015; 6 tram thu de tra no vay dau tu va 17 tram thu phi nop ngan sach (de cap lai cho sua chua duong bo) truoc ngay 30-6-2012 se chuyen giao 5-6 tram sang thuc hien thu phi hoan von du an BOT va xoa bo cac tram con lai.
Theo bao cao bo sung, viec xay dung nghi dinh quy bao tri duong bo trinh Chinh phu, Bo GTVT uoc tinh neu thu tuong duong 1.000 dong/lit xang, voi 31.155.154 moto, xe may hien nay se dat khoang 3.243 ty dong/nam. Giai doan dau moi hinh thanh, du kien so thu cho quy dat khoang 1.600 ty dong/nam (tuong duong 50% so phai thu).
Neu thu phi su dung duong bo theo dau moto, xe may, chu phuong tien se phai tra phi su dung duong bo theo nam cung voi nam mua bao hiem trach nhiem dan su cua chu xe co gioi. Viec to chuc thu phi duong bo ket hop khi ban bao hiem, don vi thu se duoc huong ty le du kien khoang 5% kinh phi thu duoc (khoang 80 ty dong/nam). So tien con lai sau khi tru chi phi to chuc thu se duoc chuyen vao quy bao tri duong bo.
Khi co quy dinh ve kiem dinh khi thai voi moto, xe may thi cong tac thu phi se thuc hien ca o cac tram kiem dinh khi thai. Theo phuong an nay, tong thu truc tiep theo dau phuong tien cua quy dat khoang 5.987 ty dong/nam.

Vu Diep

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