Nguoi buon tien tro thanh bo truong Ky 4 Thach thuc cam go

Thứ bảy, 07 Tháng mười 2006, 23:58 GMT+7


Nguoi buon tien tro thanh bo truong Ky 4 Thach thuc cam go
Ong Ba Chau (dung) lam viec voi Thu tuong Vo Van Kiet (dau nam 1996). Anh Tu Lieu

Duong day Ha Noi - Phnom Penh - Sai Gon

Tro thanh doanh nhan Viet kieu tai Campuchia, ong Ba Chau lam quan ly xuat nhap khau, buon ban voi nuoc ngoai va thinh thoang "di lui di toi" Sai Gon va vung bien gioi, dua hang tu Campuchia sang, nhap bong den, phu tung dien may tu Sai Gon ve.

Viec do la binh phong, nhung phai lam that. Do la "phan noi". Con "phan chim", ong duoc giao nhiem vu bat tay ngay vao viec cung co, "chuyen nghiep hoa" he thong: Nam lai tinh hinh, to chuc tiep nhan tien, chuyen doi tien, cung cap tien cho cac chien khu va "hach toan sao cho chat che". Tu nam 1967, khi Ban Tai chinh dac biet duoc tach khoi Ban Kinh tai, truc thuoc Trung uong Cuc, ong duoc phan cong lam Pho truong ban kiem Pho bi thu Dang uy. Ong Hai Xo (Pham Van Xo), Thuong vu Trung uong Cuc, Chu tich Hoi dong cung cap tien phuong mien Nam truc tiep chi dao. Viec phoi hop giua Ha Noi, Sai Gon, Phnom Penh va cac dau moi o nuoc ngoai duoc thiet lap rat co bai ban.

Tu thang 4/1965, tai Ha Noi, Trung uong cho phep ap dung phuong thuc FM de tang cuong vien tro cho mien Nam phuc vu cho cao trao danh My, thong qua mot quy dac biet mang bi so B29. Quy nay truc thuoc Ngan hang Trung uong, dat tai Ngan hang Ngoai thuong do ong Mai Huu Ich, Pho chu tich Ngan hang Ngoai thuong phu trach. B29 co nhiem vu tong hop du toan ve yeu cau chi vien cua chien truong mien Nam; nam tinh hinh thi truong tu ban de kip thong bao cho cac chien truong tinh toan loi hai trong su dung bang AM hoac FM; to chuc kinh doanh ngoai hoi, chuyen doi ngoai te theo yeu cau cua chien truong; quan ly cac biet te va ngoai te du tru; quan ly cac nguon thu va tai khoan; lien lac voi Ban Tai chinh dac biet va cac chien truong bang dien mat, "thu chim" va thanh toan dac biet...

B29 da phai huy dong mot luc luong can bo tren 200 nguoi cua Ngan hang Ngoai thuong o trong nuoc va ngoai nuoc cung nhu su dung mot he thong tren 200 ngan hang nuoc ngoai la dai ly cua Ngan hang Ngoai thuong Viet Nam de thuc hien nghiep vu dac biet nay. Mot hoat dong quy mo lon nhu vay ma giu duoc hoan toan bi mat. Day la mot ky cong trong lich su cua Ngan hang Ngoai thuong Viet Nam.

Luc nay, ong Muoi Phi da to chuc mot mang luoi "che bien" tien ngay tai Sai Gon. Mang luoi nay do mot can bo rat nang dong la ong Dan Sanh duoc cu vao dam trach tu nam 1964. "Binh phong" cua ong Dan Sanh la Cong ty Phuong Mai, mot hang buon lon, co luc ong Dan Sanh dung ca mot doan 40 chiec xe van tai va 2 tau can duyen cua hang nay de cho tien phuc vu cho chien truong. Hang loat kho chua tien duoc thiet lap. Tai Suoi Sau (An Tinh, Tay Ninh), mot nha may xay dau do ong Nam Dau quan ly duoc trien khai lam dau moi giao tien.

O Phnom Penh, da co Cong ty Tan A do ong Nam Tan, dang uy vien dam trach (sau nay con co them Cong ty Nam Dan). Tan A la mot cong ty xuat nhap khau co quy mo lon, rat uy tin tren thuong truong, nhat la trong gioi kinh doanh Hoa kieu. Tan A khong chi la cho dua cua Ban Tai chinh dac biet ma con lam rat nhieu viec huu ich khac cho cach mang: dua con em can bo ra Bac hoc tap, don can bo bi lo tu mien Nam dua ra Bac... Tan A con khai thac triet de quan he kinh te - thuong mai cong khai giua Nha nuoc Campuchia voi Viet Nam dan chu cong hoa.

Ong Muoi Phi va ong Ba Chau dieu khien he thong cong viec thong qua ong Nam Tan va ong Dan Sanh. Ca hai dau moi o Sai Gon va Campuchia deu song song lam nhiem vu "che bien" va chuyen tien.

Tu day, luong tien duoc "che bien" cung cap cho cac chien truong mien Nam nam sau cao hon nam truoc voi tong so do la My duoc chuyen nam 1970 nhieu gap 5 lan nam 1966.

Nam 1967, co so o Sai Gon bi lo, ong Dan Sanh bi dich bat, mang luoi gap kho khan lon, song do cac bien phap an toan duoc ap dung triet de nen duong day tai Sai Gon van hoat dong.

Khi Lonnol dao chinh...

Den nam 1970, tai hoa thuc su ap den cho Ban Tai chinh dac biet. Do la su kien dao chinh o Campuchia. Can luu y den mot giai doan lich su trong cuoc khang chien chong My khi chinh quyen cua Thai tu Sihanouk tuyen bo trung lap. Do vi tri trung lap cua Campuchia ma ngay tu nhung nam cuoi 1950 dau nhung nam 1960, khi chinh quyen Ngo Dinh Diem le may chem khap mien Nam, dim cac phong trao yeu nuoc trong bien mau, khi cac co so cach mang bi danh pha tan tanh, can cu cach mang da chuyen sang dat Campuchia de cung co, tan dung cac dieu kien an toan de phat trien luc luong. Va suot nhung nam 1960, khong it vu khi dan duoc va hang tiep te tu mien Bac vao Nam cung duoc chuyen qua Campuchia. Viet Nam dan chu cong hoa va cuoi nhung nam 1960 la Chinh phu Cach mang lam thoi cong hoa mien Nam Viet Nam cung co su quan, co dai dien tai Campuchia. Do cung la ly do Ban Tai chinh dac biet Trung uong Cuc dat "tru so" tai day, tuy la bi mat.

Ngay 24/2/1970, Chinh phu Campuchia ra lenh doi tien. Truoc do chi nghe don thoi, khong biet chinh xac. Tai cac quay doi tien, ty gia tien moi tien cu 1 an 1. Do co quan he mua ban nhieu voi Campuchia, nen mot khoi luong tien Campuchia rat lon dang luu hanh trong cac can cu, cac don vi quan giai phong. Ngay tai Ban Tai chinh dac biet va cac don vi hau can quan giai phong cung dang giu rat nhieu tien riel mat. Gom duoc luong tien nay de doi la mot viec thien nan van nan, doi hoi phai co thoi gian. Doi xong, con can phai co thoi gian de chuyen lai cho cac chien truong, la viec kho khan khong kem. Tuy nhien, Trung uong Cuc da to chuc rat tot viec thu gom tien cu, chi tru tien B3 o bien gioi phia Tay Nguyen khong dua ve kip, phai mat 4-5 trieu (riel).

Tien chuyen ve Cong ty Tan A. Cong ty nay chia nho ra, mot phan giao cho cac co so Viet kieu, mot phan Tan A tu doi. Viec doi tien cung duoc thuc hien troi chay.

Nhung tinh hinh dien bien rat bat thuong. Trong nhung ngay gan het han doi tien, canh sat Campuchia to chuc quay phim, chup anh tai cac quay doi, dong thoi tren cac truc giao thong xuat hien cac chot canh gac day dac. Do la dau hieu se co bien co lon. Tien chung ta doi xong moi giao duoc mot it cho cac don vi, phan lon con ton dong cho Cong ty Tan A. Va dung nhu du doan, vua doi tien xong, ngay 18/3/1970, tuong Lonnol lam dao chanh, lat do Thai tu Sihanouk.

Ngay sau khi dao chinh, mot cuoc tan sat Viet kieu quy mo lon chua tung thay da xay ra. Quan luat duoc thiet lap tu 6h toi den 6h sang. Xe mat tham chay ram rap trong dem de lung bat, sat hai nguoi Viet. Su quan Viet Nam dan chu cong hoa bi dap pha, khung bo.

Mot khoi luong rat lon tien riel va hang trieu do la du tru cua Ban Tai chinh dac biet gui trong su quan chuyen ve Cong ty Tan A co nguy co mat sach. Neu khong giai cuu duoc luong tien nay thi cac chien khu se khong co tien chi dung, dieu do dong nghia voi mot tham hoa.

Trong thoi diem gay can do, ong Ba Chau da nhan lanh mot trong trach qua suc tuong tuong voi nhung thach thuc cam go nhat... (Con tiep)

Ky sau: Cuoc giai cuu tien ngoan muc

Hoang Hai van



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