Lam the nao de giai bai toan giao thong do thi

Thứ bảy, 20 Tháng mười một 2004, 14:12 GMT+7

Thach thuc giao thong do thi Viet Nam:


Lam the nao de giai bai toan giao thong do thi

TTCN - “Rat phuc tap”- do la nhan xet cua GS.TS Nguyen Xuan Dao - pho chu tich thu nhat Hoi Nghien cuu giao thong van tai Dong A - ve mang luoi giao thong do thi tai Ha Noi va TP.HCM. Lam the nao de giai bai toan giao thong do thi?

Hoi thao “Giao thong cho do thi tuong lai: thach thuc va co hoi” to chuc tai Ha Noi trong hai ngay 17 va 18-11 da dua ra nhieu y kien cua cac chuyen gia ve van de nay. TTCN da co cuoc trao doi voi GS.TS Nguyen Xuan Dao. Ong cho biet:


Lam the nao de giai bai toan giao thong do thi
Ha Noi va TP.HCM dang trong giai doan bung no ve xe co. Do la su bung no tat yeu truoc nhu cau di lai ngay cang cao cua nguoi dan. Tuy nhien, nhung bien phap nham tang cuong an toan giao thong nhu to chuc giao thong do thi, tuyen truyen kien thuc an toan giao thong, thuc hien cac bien phap cuong che... lai moi bat dau duoc quan tam. Vi the, chung nao ca xa hoi quan tam toi xay dung ha tang giao thong do thi, to chuc giao thong, tuyen truyen hieu biet ve giao thong... thi tinh hinh trat tu an toan giao thong se tot.

* Thua giao su, vi dau nen noi “phuc tap” ve mang luoi giao thong o hai do thi lon nhat nuoc ta hien nay la Ha Noi va TP.HCM?

- Loi rat lon cua chung ta la khong nhin truoc duoc su bung no va phat trien o cac do thi. Co mot thoi gian dai Ha Noi khong co he thong giao thong cong cong. Xe buyt khong co, tau dien thi bo. Bay gio Ha Noi da phat trien tro lai mang luoi giao thong cong cong du muon nhung cung gop phan dang ke giai quyet tinh trang ach tac giao thong.

Nguyen nhan khac dan toi tinh trang un tac giao thong nhu hien nay la do truoc day khi xay dung he thong giao thong chung ta khong co tien. Luc do chung ta chu trong nhieu den xay dung cac truc duong quoc gia, nhung vung quan trong chu it chu y toi giao thong trong do thi. Ngoai ra, quyen chu dong cua nguoi quan ly khong duoc manh. Moi van de dua ra giai quyet deu gap phai su chong cheo. Nguoi nao cung co quyen nhung khong ai chiu trach nhiem.

* Vay theo giao su, bien phap nao de phat trien giao thong do thi hieu qua?

- Bien phap dau tien phai tinh den la phat trien mang luoi giao thong cong cong. Co nhieu y tuong khac nhau nhung deu thong nhat o y tuong phat trien giao thong cong cong ket hop voi giao thong ca nhan. Xe buyt la phuong tien giao thong cong cong dau tu nhanh nhung luong van chuyen khong nhieu va Nha nuoc van phai bu lo hang nam. Cac phuong tien van chuyen khac nhu tau dien ngam, duong sat tren cao van chuyen khoi luong hanh khach lon hon nhung dau tu ton kem, khong the lam trong vai nam. Vi the, phuong tien cong cong chinh phai phat trien van la xe buyt. Nhung de nguoi dan thich di xe buyt thi phai co van minh xe buyt.

Chuyen phu xe buyt danh hanh khach o Ha Noi, chuyen tai xe xe buyt gay tai nan giao thong o TP.HCM khien nguoi dan mat niem tin vao mang luoi xe buyt. Nhung ben canh do phai coi trong phuong tien ca nhan la xe may. Phai xay dung nhung tuyen duong uu tien cho xe may. Day la kinh nghiem toi rut ra tu nhieu du an nghien cuu chung voi cac nuoc trong khu vuc. Phai kenh hoa dong luu thong hon hop, tuc la tach cac loai phuong tien rieng ra, loai nao di rieng duong cua loai ay. Ngoai ra phai to chuc lai cac nut giao thong bang cach bo tri nhung nut giao thong dieu khien den tin hieu ba pha, thay vi hai pha nhu hien nay.

Bien phap tiep theo la quan ly, to chuc giao thong. Cac truong dai hoc tai VN co doi ngu cac nha khoa hoc chu yeu lam cau, lam duong, lam ben cang, san bay... chu chua co nhieu nha khoa hoc chuyen ve to chuc giao thong. Chung ta phai coi to chuc giao thong nhu mot nganh khoa hoc. Hien tai cong viec nay nguoi ta hay nghi duoc pho thac cho nganh cong an. Cac dia phuong hien nay co so giao thong cong chinh nhung cong tac to chuc giao thong chua that su duoc coi trong.


Lam the nao de giai bai toan giao thong do thi
* Da co nhung de xuat cam va han che xe may luu thong trong thanh pho. Giao su co cho rang day la giai phap huu hieu de chong un tac hay khong?

- Khong nen cam xe may. Do la dieu phai khang dinh. Chung toi da co nhung nghien cuu rieng voi loai hinh phuong tien nay o mot so nuoc trong khu vuc va thay xe may la phuong tien di lai rat kinh te, hieu qua. Voi muc song cua nguoi dan VN hien nay, viec sam xe may lam phuong tien di lai la dieu co kha nang nhat so voi mua oto. Va lai, voi dieu kien khi hau nong, xe may la phuong tien giao thong co do co dong cao. Chung toi da di nhieu nuoc trong khu vuc va thay ho van cho phat trien xe may chu khong cam. Van de la phai xac dinh ro anh huong cua loai hinh phuong tien nay toi khai thac giao thong van tai, toi tac dong moi truong, toi nen kinh te, xa hoi de tu do hoach dinh nhung giai phap thich hop khai thac kha nang tot nhat cua xe may, giam thieu nhung tac dong xau ma loai phuong tien nay gay ra.

Mot uu diem nua cua xe may, theo toi, la no chiem dien tich tren duong kha nho, dia diem do cung khong can nhieu. Tuy nhien, tu truoc den nay chung ta chi thiet ke duong trong do thi cho xe oto chu khong co lan duong danh cho xe may. Vi the, nguoi di xe may de dang chiem lan duong cua oto va xe dap. Tren duong khong co dai phan cach cung nen nguoi di xe may thuong tu do quay dau xe chu U o bat ky cho nao ho muon. Toi cho rang phai thiet ke duong cho xe may vi xe may se la nhan to chu yeu ma con duong phai phuc vu. Xa hoi phai chap nhan xe may nhu mot phuong tien giao thong chu khong the do loi cho viec tac duong la do xe may. Dung nghi den chuyen cam xe may ma phai ung xu voi no nhu mot phuong tien giao thong huu ich vi no phu hop voi thoi quen di lai o nhung khu vuc co dieu kien khi hau nong nhu VN. Gan day co y kien cho rang khi luong oto tren duong chiem ti le chung duoi 15% thi phai lay xe may de tinh toan to chuc giao thong chu khong duoc lay oto de tinh toan. Du nuoc minh co mang luoi xe buyt, tau dien ngam, duong sat tren cao tot den may thi xe may van la mot phuong tien tot.

* Theo giao su, thach thuc trong viec phat trien giao thong do thi tai VN la gi?

- Thach thuc dau tien la tien von. Noi nghe co ve nham nhung thuc te tien von rat can thiet de to chuc lai giao thong do thi. Cung vi khong co von nen viec qui hoach mang luoi giao thong do thi cua chung ta truoc day gap nhieu bat cap. Tien von rat quan trong vi moi du an deu phai giai phong mat bang, den bu rat nhieu tien. Thach thuc nua la lam sao tuyen truyen duoc toi nguoi dan nhung hieu biet ve an toan giao thong va thuc thi cac bien phap cuong che nham han che su vi pham luat le giao thong. Cong viec nay truoc day chung ta moi lam theo chien dich, phong trao chu chua thanh viec hang ngay.

* Voi nhung do thi dang trong qua trinh phat trien, giao su co khuyen cao gi voi viec xay dung giao thong do thi?

- Cac do thi phat trien ve sau han phai hoc duoc nhung bai hoc ma nhung do thi di truoc gap phai. Vi the, khi moi phat trien phai qui hoach xem do thi do phat trien nhu the nao, qui mo dan so ra sao, khu cong nghiep o dau... de xac dinh nhu cau di lai roi tien hanh xay dung theo dinh huong do. Co the xay dung theo tung giai doan, phu hop voi nhu cau truoc mat, sau do se xay dung tiep.

* Xin cam on giao su.

KHIET HUNG thuc hien

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