Kinh hoang voi nhung binh gas cho no

Thứ bảy, 14 Tháng sáu 2008, 10:29 GMT+7



Nguy co tiem an tu nhung binh gas gia, kem chat luong rat nghiem trong.

Nhieu cua hang tu nhan bat chap nguy hiem doi voi nguoi tieu dung, sang chiet gas trai phep, su dung cac thiet bi co chat luong kem, hang da qua su dung, tham chi con co tinh gay hong linh kien bep cua chu nha de ga mua linh kien moi...

Day la thuc trang dang dien ra pho bien trong thi truong kinh doanh gas hien nay.

Pha do cu de ga ban do moi

Co quan chuc nang da phat hien tai tru so Cong ty gas Thang Long (Thai Nguyen) co hien tuong sang chiet gas vao du loai binh voi nhieu nhan hieu khac nhau: GAS Petrolimex, Sai Gon Petro... trong khi theo quy dinh, cong ty nay chi duoc sang chiet va ban gas duoi nhan hieu gas Thang Long.

Hay nhu Cong ty gas UP du da khong con hoat dong nhung binh gas UP van thay xuat hien tren thi truong. Chi rieng Cong ty tu nhan Van Bong da mua lai 200.000 binh gas UP sau do sang chiet trai phep va dua ra luu hanh tren thi truong. Ong Nguyen Van Bong, chu doanh nghiep nay cho biet: "Toi mua duoc vo binh gas cua Cong ty UP sau khi cong ty nay pha san voi gia re. San co thuong hieu tren nhan binh nen toi cu do gas vao ban".

Viec chiem dung binh gas va thuong hieu gas mot cach trai phep dang la thuc te pho bien hien nay. Mot so cong ty chi phat hanh mot so luong binh han che sau do lay binh cua cac hang khac, son dan logo roi nap gas ban cho nguoi tieu dung; tham chi nap gas truc tiep vao binh cua cong ty khac de ban. Nhieu vu chay no do gas, gia chu khong biet keu ai vi tren binh gas khong co dia chi hang san xuat nen khong duoc bao hiem.

Co nhung thuong hieu khong dang ky ten tuoi da kinh doanh bang cach chiem doat va chiet nap gas vao vo binh cua nhung hang co tieng nhu Petro gas, Shell gas, Petrolimex gas, Saigon...

Tham chi, khong hiem nhung co so kinh doanh gas con cho nguoi gia danh nhan vien cac cong ty lon den cac gia dinh voi danh nghia bao duong bep gas mien phi nhung thuc chat la xoa so dien thoai gas cu va thay so cua hang minh vao, dong thoi co tinh gay hong linh kien bep cua chu nha roi ga ban cac linh kien khong dam bao nham thu loi cao, khong loai tru ca viec danh trao vo binh de lay vo cua hang co uy tin.

Theo Hiep hoi Chong hang gia va bao ve thuong hieu Viet Nam, de xay ra tinh trang tren la do cac co quan quan ly Nha nuoc da cap phep tran lan cho cac tram chiet va cac cong ty ty kinh doanh gas khong du dieu kien chiet nap.

Hien nay, thi truong Viet Nam da co den hon 70 cong ty gas lon nho, 1.600 dai ly o TP Ho Chi Minh va khoang 800 dai ly o Ha Noi cung hon 5.000 cua hang dai ly ban gas. Viec cap phep cho qua nhieu thuong hieu gas trong khi thieu che tai, nhan luc quan ly cung la nguyen nhan dan den viec canh tranh khong binh dang, thieu lanh manh. Vo binh gas bi chiem dung dua vao cac tram chiet nap lau roi dua di tieu thu gay thiet hai cho khach hang.

30% gas tren thi truong la gia

Theo dieu tra cua 12 cong ty kinh doanh gas lon tai Viet Nam, tinh trang sang chiet gas lau, trai phep gia tang den muc bao dong, ngay cang kho kiem soat. Hien tren thi truong ton tai toi 30% luong binh gas va gas gia. Dieu do ly giai vi sao hang nam co toi khoang 2.000 vu chay no, trong do nguyen nhan tu khi gas toi hang tram vu, lam chet va bi thuong nhieu nguoi, gay thiet hai tai san lon.

Doi tuong bi thiet hai phan lon la nguoi tieu dung mua phai loai binh gas, gas kem chat luong, thiet bi khong an toan, dan den rui ro; khi gap rui ro thi lai khong duoc bao hiem.

Theo tinh toan so bo, neu so luong binh gas bi chiem dung la 20-30% thi moi nam nha nuoc that thu tren 80 ty dong.

Tai buoi toa dam ve co che quan ly kinh doanh gas do Bo Cong Thuong to chuc, ong Nguyen Si Thang - Chu tich HDQT Cong ty CP kinh doanh khi hoa long Mien Nam (Gas South) - cho rang: Thuc trang nay xuat phat tu mot so nguyen nhan: Thu nhat, mac du kinh doanh gas gan 20 nam nhung hanh lang phap ly chua dap ung su phat trien rat nhanh cua thi truong gas. Vi du nhu nhung quy dinh cu the ve ton tru, chiet nap, luu thong phan phoi, XNK… chua co, trong khi bo may chuc nang thuc thi phap luat con thieu va yeu.

Thu hai, co rat it cong ty gas quan tam den viec chong cac hanh vi vi pham. Ben canh do, viec nhieu nguoi tieu dung khong quan tam den chat luong san pham, den viec an toan khi su dung gas chinh la ke ho cho nhung dia chi lam an bat chinh hoat dong.

Theo ong Tran Trung Chinh - Pho Tong giam doc Cong ty Lien doanh khi hoa long (VT Gas) - cung giai thich: Dau tu mot tram sang chiet du tieu chuan co the len toi hang tram ty dong nhung thuc te co nhung tram chiet chi dau tu vai tram trieu dong lai van duoc cap phep. Viec cap phep de dang dan toi nhieu cong ty khong du dieu kien hoat dong sang chiet van duoc hoat dong.

Nguon gas tu mot so nha cung cap trong nuoc va nhap khau khong duoc kiem soat chat che, dem ban truc tiep cho cac to chuc, ca nhan cung la nguyen nhan dan toi viec sang chiet gas trai phep rat pho bien.

Viec sang chiet gas lau thu loi rat cao (khoang 50.000 - 100.000 d/binh va trung binh mot ngay cac cua hang gas tieu thu hang chuc binh). Do do, muc xu phat hanh chinh chi 10 - 20 trieu dong/vu la qua nhe, khong du suc ran de.

Lan Huong



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