He dieu hanh dien thoai di dong nao hon

Thứ tư, 25 Tháng hai 2009, 08:41 GMT+7


Khi mua dien thoai di dong moi, ban khong chi chi tien cho phan cung ma bat dau lam quen, gan bo voi he dieu hanh moi.

Tinh chat thong minh (smart) cua dien thoai thong minh (smartphone) chu yeu la do "phan mem" mang lai. Dien thoai thong minh hien tai co the xem nhu mot may tinh ca nhan thu nho, ket noi mang va he dieu hanh dang giu vai tro quyet dinh ve suc manh, net rieng cua tung san pham. Khi chon dien thoai thong minh, ban cung phai chon lua nen tang het nhu khi dung truoc he dieu hanh cho may Mac va PC.

Tong ket lai, thi truong dien thoai thong minh dang co 5 he dieu hanh noi bat: Apple iPhone (mot so cam nhan dua tren san pham cu the la iPhone 3G), Google Android (G1), Microsoft Windows Mobile (HTC Touch Diamond), Nokia S60 3rd Edition cho Symbian (N96) va RIM BlackBerry (BlackBerry Bold). Su khac biet giua chung the hien qua cac tieu chi ve tinh nang, do de dung, su truc quan va ung dung (co the trong he dieu hanh hoac hang thu ba) di kem.

Nguoi chien thang

An tuong nhat chinh la hai he dieu hanh co qua trinh ra doi ton nhieu giay muc: iPhone cua Apple va Android cua Google. Ca hai cung duoc xay dung cho thiet bi ket noi Internet, mang nhieu chuc nang lam viec, giai tri va co the de dang cai dat them ung dung.

Hien tai, iPhone OS co phan thang the so voi Google OS dang gom nhung theo thoi gian, he dieu hanh nguon mo cua Android co the se vuot len vi "coi mo" voi cac nha phat trien thu ba. Theo dong lich su, BlackBerry OS vung vang the hien suc manh truyen thong nhung van co duoc nhung bo sung kha hop thoi. Tiec la, ca hai Windows Mobile va S60 3rd Edition dang dan tro nen "gia nua".

Apple iPhone

Tieu su: iPhone la phien ban thu nho cua HDH X cua Mac, thiet ke rieng cho iPhone 3G (find.pcworld.com/61993).

Ung dung tot nhat cho iPhone: Evernote de thuong, huu ich va mien phi.


Anh minh hoa
Su dung: Giao tiep da cham (multitouch) tren iPhone 3G da tao duoc mot su dot pha va thich thu khi su dung. Cac he dieu hanh khac co the khien ban nhu lac vao me hon tran trinh don hoac quen cach thao tac, nhung iPhone biet cach don gian hoa tat ca thao tac su dung va tao duoc su dong bo xuyen suot. He dieu hanh thieu chuc nang cat-dan nhung khong he anh huong den viec su dung.

Hinh thuc: Tuyet voi. He dieu hanh da mang den mot giao dien hoan toan moi, dat dau an phong cach, dep ca ve hinh thuc lan hieu ung.

Ung dung san co: Phan mem tich hop chay cuc tot, dac biet la trinh duyet Safari da giup duyet de dang cac site von khong duoc thiet ke de xem tren dien thoai di dong. Chuong trinh nhac va phim cua iPhone cung vay. Tuy nhien, iPhone thieu ung dung lam viec: Ban khong the tim kiem trong e-mail, va khong duoc cung cap ung dung soan thao van ban, quan ly cong viec.

Ung dung mo rong: Sau khi Apple mo iPhone cho cac nha phat trien thu ba chi moi vai thang da co hang ngan ung dung san sang cho ban tai ve tu dich vu truc tuyen App Store. Trong so do co Facebook va ung dung ghi chu Evernote thiet ke xuat sac ma mien phi. Nhung Apple co luat: ung dung hang thu ba khong duoc chay nen hoac chi truy van du lieu cua chinh ung dung do, lam gioi han dang ke tinh nang tat ca ung dung tu nhan tin den van phong. Va Apple voi vai tro la nha phan phoi doc quyen phan mem iPhone co quyen han che mot so ung dung.

Ket luan: He dieu hanh iPhone da de dang tro thanh he dieu hanh dien thoai sang tao va hap dan nhat. Tuy nhien huong phat trien dang bi bo hep, tru khi Apple noi long rao can kiem soat.

Dien thoai tham khao: Du da ngung san xuat de chuyen len iPhone 3G, thi truong van con ban iPhone (2G) 4GB/8GB/16GB... Luu y: Apple van chua bat tay voi mang di dong nao tai Viet Nam.

Google Android

Tieu su: He dieu hanh dien thoai di dong moi cua Google the hien tham vong cua cac cong ty dien thoai ve mot nen tang dien thoai nguon mo cho phep moi nguoi tu tuy bien. Den hien tai moi chi co mot mau, T-Mobile G1 (xem them bai "T-Mobile G1: Niem cam hung moi", trang 59 hay find.pcworld.com/61827), chay he dieu hanh Google Android.

Su dung: Tren dien thoai G1, Android kha giong iPhone/BlackBerry. Da phan dung man hinh cam ung nhung ban co them bi lan, nut Menu, Home va Back. Hon nua, desktop co the tuy bien. Nhin chung, Android co the tot hon cac nen tang truoc nhung chua the bang iPhone.
Trinh duyet web trong Google Android de nhin va la doi thu truc tiep voi Safari trong iPhone.

Desktop Android la mot su thu gon cua desktop he dieu hanh PC nhu Windows Vista va OS X Leopard. Ban co the sap xep lai shortcut va cai dat widget nhu dong ho (clock), truong tim kiem.


Anh minh hoa
Hinh thuc: Android khong nghe thuat nhu iPhone nhung moi va cuon hut; dac biet thich hop voi man hinh do phan giai cao cua G1.

Ung dung san co: Ung dung dinh lien voi dich vu Google nhu Gmail va Google Calendar (viec dau tien khi khoi tao dien thoai la khai bao thong tin tai khoan Google); se tot neu ban khong muon le thuoc vao nhung dich vu cua Microsoft Exchange.

Trinh duyet cua Android khong co duoc chuc nang da cham nhu iPhone nhung khong the xem thuong. Tien ich nghe nhac cho phep tai cac bai hat khong-DRM tu Amazon nhung lai chi xem duoc dinh dang video You Tube.

Giong iPhone, Android co tien ich cho tim kiem, tai ve va cai dat ung dung hang thu ba (de dang khong ngo).

Ung dung mo rong: Cac nha phat trien moi o giai doan dau huong den Android. Dich vu truc tuyen Market cho phep ban tai ung dung truc tiep ve dien thoai tu Google. Khong nhu iPhone, ban co the tim ung dung tai nhung website kinh doanh doc lap nhu Handago.

Ket luan: Android rat tiem nang va da mang lai luong gio moi. G1 cho thay nhieu hua hen.

Dien thoai tham khao: Sau T-Mobile G1 tai My, co the se them HTC Dream tren mang di dong Singtel (Singapore) va Optus (Uc). Tai Viet Nam, T-Mobile G1 da duoc mo khoa mem thanh cong va su dung tot voi cac mang di dong GSM.

RIM BlackBerry


Anh minh hoa
Tieu su: He dieu hanh nay chay tren dien thoai thong minh BlackBerry cua RIM, trong do co mau moi nhat la Bold (find.pcworld.com/61990) va Storm (find.pcworld.com/62029).
BlackBerry Bold gioi thieu trinh duyet moi, nhieu cai tien, mang den su chinh xac.

Su dung: Nguyen ly don gian trong giao dien BlackBerry chi thay doi nho sau ca mot thap nien. Theo cach rieng, giao dien BlackBerry co su logic va nhat quan nhu iPhone: ban co the lam moi viec voi bi lan, nut Menu va mot nut co chuc nang tro lai man hinh truoc do.

Neu da lam quen, ban co the thao tac cuc nhanh (chua ke den mau Storm dung man hinh cam ung kieu iPhone).

Hinh thuc: He dieu hanh BlackBerry thien ve chu va gian di du cac mau dien thoai gan day nhu Bold da co phong sac sao va bieu tuong tinh xao hon. Ung dung san co: Ung dung e-mail va lich cua BlackBerry van la chuan muc ve hieu qua su dung va kha nang ket noi thoi gian thuc, tin cay voi he thong tin nhan dang dung rong rai nhu Microsoft Exchange.

Ban moi nhat co giao dien sanh dieu hon va mau sac hon truoc nhung van dong lai su don gian, nhat quan noi tieng cua BlackBerry.

Bold co nhieu cai tien ve trinh duyet Web hon iPhone, Android: the hien dung thiet ke cua site. Tien ich nghe nhac, xem phim dap ung vua du nhung van dung sau tien ich lam viec.

Ung dung mo rong: Kha lau ve truoc, BlackBerry chi co vai ung dung de chon lua nhung nay thi co han mot thi truong soi dong voi hang ngan ung dung tu lam viec den game. Tuy nhien, Windows Mobile va S60 phong phu hon.

Hien tai, BlackBerry chua co cua hang truc tuyen nhu App Store cua Apple, Android Market cua Google nhung du kien se co vao thang Ba nam 2009.

Ket luan: BlackBerry la mot ong gia cao tuoi nhung thong thai, biet tu thay doi de thich ung voi thoi cuoc.

Dien thoai tham khao: Viettel chinh thuc phan phoi BlackBerry 8100, BlackBerry 8320, BlackBerry 8700g va cung cap dich vu Pushmail.

Microsoft Windows Mobile

Tieu su: Ten goi da cho biet day la phien ban di dong cua Windows. Phien ban Windows Mobile 6.1 dang dung trong kha nhieu dien thoai cua HTC, Motorola, Palm, Samsung...
Windows Mobile mang phong cach File Explorer len dien thoai.

Su dung: That dang ngac nhien la Windows Mobile van mang du suc manh cua Windows voi day du trinh don Start va khay he thong. Tuy nhien, nhieu nguoi dung khong thich cang mat nhin vao cac bieu tuong be xiu. HTC Touch Diamond (find.pcworld.com/61839) da thay giao dien mang phong cach Microsoft bang mot giao dien TouchFLO phu hop voi viec dieu khien bang dau ngon tay va mang dang dap sang tao, qui phai nhu iPhone.

Hinh thuc: Kha nam tinh nhung khong bong bay bang iPhone.


Anh minh hoa
Ung dung san co: Phien ban trinh duyet Internet Explorer cho dien thoai kha cu ky; Touch Diamond da thay the bang Opera Mobile (Microsoft co dua ra phien ban IE moi nhung chua thay xuat hien tren dien thoai nao). Tuy nhien, viec co Word, Excel, PowerPoint va Outlook (phien ban co ban) tren dien thoai lai giup nhieu cho cong viec.

Ung dung mo rong: He dieu hanh nay co san rat nhieu ung dung voi nhieu muc dich. Tien ich nhu WisBar Advance cua Lakeridge Software cho phep ban thay doi giao dien ve hinh thuc va chuc nang. Nhung tren dien thoai khong co san shortcut den gian hang ung dung truc tuyen nhu tren iPhone, Android.

Ket luan: Windows Mobile dang dan thut lui va hien van chua co dau hieu nao cho thay se co su thay doi dot pha cho den cuoi 2009 hoac 2010.

Dien thoai tham khao: O2 XDA II, XDA IIs, XDA IIi, XDA II mini; Lenovo ET960; HP 6365; HTC Touch Diamond, Touch Cruise, Touch Dual, Touch Pro; Samsung Omnia i900; Sony Ericson Xperia X1...

Nokia S60 3rd Edition tren Symbian


Anh minh hoa
Tieu su: S60 3rd Edition la phien ban he dieu hanh di dong Symbian lau doi dang dung cho nhieu loai dien thoai thong minh, khong chi Nokia ma con LG, Samsung.
S60 3rd Edition van trung thanh voi dien thoai khong man hinh cam ung.

Su dung: Giao dien S60 giu nguyen tu thoi dien thoai thong minh chi co phim so va mot vai nut khac nen thuong dan ban duyet qua mot loat trinh don (cung nhom khong dung man hinh cam ung nhung BlackBerry thiet ke nhanh, hieu qua hon).

Hinh thuc: Lac hau so voi chuan hien tai khi van dung phong, bieu tuong don gian.

Ung dung san co: Ung dung thay doi theo moi dien thoai. Nokia N96 (find.pcworld.com/62082) kha phong phu va co vai tinh nang tao dau an. Trinh duyet cho phep phong to/thu nho nhu Safari cua iPhone nhung giao dien tho, don gian. Phong va bieu tuong cua S60 van phu hop nhung gay nen cam giac loi thoi.

Ung dung mo rong: Kha nhieu ung dung co san tren nhung site nhu Handago nho he dieu hanh nay da duoc su dung lau doi, chap nhan rong rai.

Ket luan: S60 3rd Edition tuong doi co nhung van con xai duoc. S60 5th Edition hua hen se cap nhat cho he dieu hanh kha nang dieu khien cam ung. Nokia N800 XpressMusic, phien ban dau tien dung he dieu hanh moi du dinh ra mat tai My vao dau nam 2009.

Dien thoai tham khao: Nokia 3250, 5500, 5700, N70, N72, N73, N76, N77, N78, N79, N80, N81, N82, N85, N91, N92, N93, N95, N96, E50, E51, E60, E61, E61i, E63, E65, E66, E70, E71, E90, 6110 Navigator, 6120/6121 Classic, 6290; Samsung SGH-i450, SGH-i550, Innov 8; Sony Ericson G700...

(Theo PCworld)



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