Chon he dieu hanh cua ban

Thứ năm, 26 Tháng tư 2007, 15:56 GMT+7

Vista hay XP? Windows, Mac hay Linux? Moi nguoi moi ve, biet chon ai, bo ai? Nhung nho co cong nghe ao hoa ngay mot hoan thien, ban khong con phai “neo dau” vao mot he dieu hanh nao nua.

Ban tung la nguoi dung Mac hay la tin do Windows, hoac tham chi ban la chuyen gia ve Unix? Cho du ban dang chay he dieu hanh (HDH) nao di nua thi trong doi ban co le chi dung mot he dieu hanh duy nhat. Nhung moi viec luc nay da thay doi, nhung ngay thang “chi chay 1 he dieu hanh” da qua di khi BXL Intel pho bien hon va cac nha phat trien phan mem dat duoc nhung buoc tien moi. Bay gio, cac co may Mac co the chay Windows XP.

Windows Vista duoc cai san tren cac PC moi nhung ban cung co the khoi dong voi HDH Ubuntu Linux (co the tai ve va ghi ra dia mien phi). Va neu thich Ubuntu thi ban co the cai dat no cung voi Windows chi voi vai cu nhan chuot.

Nhung cai tien chong mat trong phan mem ao hoa cung nhung cai tien phan cung va chuan hoa tren CPU x86 cho phep bat cu HDH nao cung co the lam HDH chu cho cac phien ban ao cua cac HDH khac.

Moi he thong van can phai co he dieu hanh chinh va viec tron, hoa hop de cac may tinh “song chung” voi nhau de hon truoc nhieu. Mot chiec may tinh co the cai cung luc ca Mac OS X, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Ubuntu va OpenSuSe Linux, tham chi co the chay cung luc nhieu he dieu hanh. Nhung neu co dieu kien thi he thong Apple dang de ban quan tam hon ca. Tai sao? Ban hay xem bang hien thi trong bai de biet uu khuyet cua tung he dieu hanh.

Windows XP van con tot


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Security Center cua XP gioi thieu goi Service Pack 2 de lap nhung lo hong lon trong he dieu hanh.


Cuoi cung Windows Vista cung xuat hien sau bao ngay mong doi. Giao dien va cac tien ich duoc tu bo lai cua Vista kha tot. Nhung truoc khi noi den anh linh moi nay, chung ta cung ban ve Windows XP.

Mac du nhieu tai tieng xung quanh chuyen bao mat nhung XP cung da nhanh chong tro thanh he dieu hanh rat thanh cong. Truoc XP, phien ban Windows 2000 va cac he dieu hanh truoc do cua Microsoft thuong bi treo may, hu, va hang tuan hay tham chi hang ngay deu hien len man hinh xanh. Mac du van xay ra loi lam dung may nhung XP it bi treo va truc trac hon so voi cac phien ban truoc.

XP la he dieu hanh duoc ban ra nhieu nhat trong gan nua thap ky qua, nen hien nay no chinh la manh dat de nhieu nha phat trien gieo trong ung dung cua minh len do. Bat ke ban lam gi voi PC: ke toan, blog, chinh sua anh, thiet ke co khi, luot web... thi cac phan cung va phan mem can thiet deu co the chay duoc tren Windows XP.

Di nhien, de Windows XP chay thong suot ban phai giu cho no sach se. Service Pack 2, Windows Security Center va Internet Explorer 7 da phai va rat nhieu lo hong nhung XP chac chan van la muc tieu cua ke xau trong nhieu nam toi nua. Tuong lua, phan mem chong virus va chong gian diep van con dong vai tro rat quan trong.

Theo Forrester Research, chi trong nam toi 40% nguoi dung doanh nghiep dang chay Windows se chuyen sang Vista, du kien nam dau se co 12 trieu nguoi dung va len den 73 trieu trong 4 nam tiep theo. Microsoft van tiep tuc dua ra cac ban sua loi bao mat cho XP it nhat la 5 nam nua sau khi hang tung ra ban Service Pack 3 (du kien den nua dau 2008). Vi vay ban chang viec gi phai voi va.

Dao quanh Vista

Vista dua ra nhieu cai tien bao mat (mac du ban van con can den tuong lua cua hang khac tru khi ban tu minh thiet lap nhung tac vu phuc tap) cong voi vai tien ich duoc chinh sua lai va mot so tinh nang moi. Nhung chinh giao dien cua Vista la thu “du do” nhieu nguoi. Giao dien Aero hien thi cua so, bieu tuong va cac thanh phan desktop voi nhieu mau sac hon, co bong do va lan dau tien co hieu ung mo. Cac bieu tuong nut nhan co mau giong nhu den LED xanh do khi ban di chuot qua. Ca khung cua so, menu va thanh tieu de dang mo cho ban thay duoc cac ung dung khac dang nam duoi mot hoac hai lop cua so va bo chuyen doi Flip 3D giua cac ung dung ro rang la giong Expose cua Apple.
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Cac cua so dang mo va tien ich nho tren desktop la nhung thu dap vao mat ban dau tien khi chay Vista nhung cung co cac tien ich moi nhat khac ma Microsoft dem vao nhu Windows Defender.


Theo cach cua Apple, cong cu Windows SideBar chay cac ung dung nho (widget) gan giong voi Dashboard cua OS X. Tuy nhien, giao dien cua Media Player, Control Panel, Mail va chuc nang xem hinh duoc thiet ke lai; co the xem day la mot su “lot xac” ve giao dien nhung moi chi o lop ben ngoai. Neu mo cac muc cau truc menu, ban se thay xuat hien cac hop thoai con giong nhu trong Windows XP.

Game thu tham chi se con thay nhieu “mon ngon” khac khi chuyen len Vista. DirectX 10 hua hen tang toc game len 8 lan va no se khong duoc nhu vay neu chay trong XP. Windows Presentation Foundation giup nha phat trien phan mem de dang dua ra cac ung dung tan dung tang toc phan cung do hoa.

Tuy nhien, nhieu cai tien cua Vista nhu vay cung phai tra gia. PC World My thu nghiem tren phan cung de nghi cua Microsoft, chay cung ung dung thi Windows XP chay nhanh hon dang ke so voi Vista (A0703_11). Vi vay, tot nhat neu ban mua PC moi thi hay chay Vista, con neu ban muon chay Vista tren he thong cu thi danh “thoa hiep” voi toc do he thong. Nhung tren mot he thong trang bi du tot thi Windows Vista cho ket qua tim kiem tap tin, tai lieu, e-mail va web nhanh hon.

PC oi, Mac day!

Hay co le ban muon chuyen sang mot he dieu hanh khac han? Dong may de ban MacBook va Mac Pro rat don gian, ro rang nhu muon ngu y viec su dung may tinh rat ro rang, tham chi la de dang. He dieu hanh Mac OS X cung dua ra loi hua hen nhu vay. Mac du he dieu hanh cua Apple va Windows nhin chung cho ban lam duoc moi thu nhung giao dien Mac duong nhu co it lop hon, it tang hon va it thong so chinh sua hon.

Co the xem mot nguoi dung Windows ngot nget 20 nam troi nhu the la qua du, da den luc nen nhay sang con tau khac. Tat nhien do la dieu khong nen. Boot Camp cua Apple cho may Mac nen Intel co the khoi dong Windows va cac he dieu hanh x86 khac nhu Linux. Bay gio, ca nhung chuyen gia lan nguoi dung binh thuong vua muon tan huong tinh don gian cua OS X, vua can chay nhung ung dung trong Windows XP, Vista hay Linux deu chi can 1 he thong duy nhat cung co the dap ung doi hoi nay.
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Co phai Windows Media Player dang chay tren Mac? Nho co tinh nang Coherence , may Mac co the chay ung dung Windows cung voi cac ung dung Mac.


Apple van khong cho phep OS X chay tren cac he thong khong thuoc Mac nen nguoi dung bat buoc phai chay phan cung Apple thi moi co the chay het moi he dieu hanh tren 1 may. Voi viec them vao phan mem ao hoa mien phi (hoac gia re) cua Parallels va VMWare, Mac co the chay song song cac he dieu hanh nay. Phan mem Parallels tham chi con co mot tinh nang vo cung doc dao “Coherence”, cho phep chay cac ung dung Windows ao hoa cung voi cac chuong trinh OS X. Parallels co ve di truoc VMWare (la cong ty ung dung tren OS X dau tien) mot buoc khi du kien dua ra Fusion trong mua he nay. Con hien tai, ca 2 dang co gang them bo tang toc 3D vao cac san pham cua ho de co the choi game tren he dieu hanh ao.

Nhung tin giat gan nhat ve Mac OS trong mua xuan nay chinh la khi Apple dua ra ban OS X 10.5, con goi la Leopard. Ban 10.5 hua hen mot bo cac tinh nang moi, trong do co Time Machine la cong cu sao luu he thong tu dong, cho ban toi lui cac phien ban cua tap tin. Leopard cung ho tro cac tinh nang van phong (stationary) va bang danh sach to-do-list trong mail; mot ban mo rong cua cong cu tim kiem SpotLight de dinh vi cac tap tin tren may Mac khac co tren mang cua ban; tinh nang man hinh ao giong voi Expose goi la Spaces va mot so tinh nang khac chua tiet lo.

Linux - khong the khong nhac den

Nhung phien ban Linux pho bien nhu la Ubuntu da co duoc mot buoc tien lon trong viec thay doi quan niem cua nguoi dung ve Linux, rang Linux gio day cai dat va cau hinh de dang hon nhieu. Dia CD khoi dong cua Ubuntu cho ban thu xem minh thich Linux den muc nao (cung nhu Linux co hop voi PC cua ban khong) ma khong can cai dat bat cu cai gi vao o cung. Con khi muon cai dat thi chi vai cu nhan chuot, Ubuntu se duoc cai len o cung cung voi Windows. Khi cai dat xong, co vai ung dung don gian cho ban chon de cai den hang tram ung dung mien phi khac, trong do co ca cac cong cu van phong, da phuong tien va cac cong cu phat trien.
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Hop thoai ung dung Add/Remove cua Ubuntu giup ban tai va cai dat phan mem mien phi.


Mot ban Linux khac la OpenSuSe cua Novell co cac tien ich cau hinh va thu vien ung dung cung de dang cho ban tim kiem, dinh vi giong nhu cua Ubuntu. Ca 2 ban Linux nay deu dua ra nhung ban cap nhat sua loi thuong xuyen va cap nhat tu dong.

Voi ai thich giao dien Linux co the chon trong rat nhieu giao dien nguoi dung khac nhau, 2 guong mat noi bat nhat la GNOME va KDE. Ca 2 giao dien nay deu co nhung tinh nang tot nhat cua nhau va deu vay muon nhung “mon ngon” cua Apple va Microsoft.

Voi doi hoi phan cung thap va bao mat tot, Linux co the xem nhu la he dieu hanh mien nhiem. Cung voi tuy chon ao hoa va khoi dong kep, vai ung dung nguon mo mien phi va phan mem Xen dua tren kernel, ban co the de dang thu nhung gi moi nhat trong Linux ma khong phai vut bo he dieu hanh hien thoi.

(Theo Le Duy - PC World)



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