15 nam lich su phat trien Web Nhung dau moc quan trong

Thứ ba, 08 Tháng tám 2006, 16:30 GMT+7

Ngay 6-8-1991, Tim Berners Lee cong bo chuong trinh web. Du an “World Wide Web” duoc Tim gioi thieu tai newsgroup alt.hypertext.


15 nam lich su phat trien Web Nhung dau moc quan trong
Ong Tim Berners Lee, cha de cua WEB

Ong cho biet du an nham toi viec tao ra cac lien ket giua cac tai lieu bang cach su dung “sieu van ban” (hypertext) cung voi internet.

Ngay 12-12-991: May chu dau tien ngoai chau Au online

Paul Kunz, mot nha khoa hoc thuoc trung tam Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), sau chuyen tham phong thi nghiem Cern (noi Berners Lee lam viec) quyet dinh lap mot may chu cho Bac My. Day la viec lam can thiet de dua web ra khap the gioi. May chu cua SLAC dung cac phan mem do chinh Berners Lee phat trien.

Thang 11-1992: Da co 26 may chu web online

Ngay 22-4-1993: Trinh duyet Mosaic cho Windows ra doi

Mosaic la trinh duyet web dau tien chay tren he dieu hanh Windows, duoc phat trien tai Trung tam quoc gia ve ung dung sieu may tinh (National Center for Supercomputing Applications) Hoa Ky. Voi trinh duyet nay, cong chung co the tiep can web de dang va than thien hon.

Ngay 30-4-1993: Cern cong bo World Wide Web mien phi cho tat ca moi nguoi

Tim Berners Lee da thuyet phuc duoc Cern “cho khong” cong nghe web va cac ma chuong trinh de moi nguoi deu co the su dung va cung tham gia phat trien. Day la mot trong nhung nguyen nhan chu yeu giup cho web phat trien nhanh chong va manh me.

Thang 5-1993: Vien cong nghe Massachusetts tung ra cong nghe moi, lan dau tien dua mot to bao len web.

Thang 6-1993: Ngon ngu HTML (Hypertext Mark Language) dung trong lap trinh web duoc cong bo.

Thang 11-1993: Webcam dau tien duoc ket noi, truyen hinh anh mot binh ca phe.

Thang 2-1994: Tien than cua Yahoo duoc dua len internet.

Hai sinh vien dai hoc Stanford la David Filo va Jerry Yang la tac gia cua “Huong dan ve World Wide Web cua Jerry”, sau nay duoc doi ten thanh Yahoo.

Thang 4-1994: BBC mo website dau tien cho chuong trinh TV: The Net

Ngay 13-10-1994: Bill Clinton dua Nha Trang len web: whitehouse.gov

Ngay 25-10-1994: Quang cao tren banner lan dau xuat hien tai website cua ATT.

Thang 2-1995: Radio HK chinh thuc tro thanh mot dai phat thanh truc tuyen “fulltime”.

Ngay 1-7-1995: Hieu sach truc tuyen Amazon khai truong.

Duoc Jeff Bezos thanh lap tu nam 1994 voi ten ban dau la Cadabra.com, Amazon.com gio day la mot trong nhung cong ty ban hang truc tuyen lon nhat tren mang. It nguoi biet rang sieu thi khong lo truc tuyen nay ban dau chi la mot hieu sach.

Thang 8-1995: Da co 18.957 website

Ngay 9-8-1995: “Bung no ten mien .com”. Hang loat cong ty truc tuyen chinh thuc mo cua website cua minh.

Ngay 24-8-1995: Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) duoc phat hanh va la mot phan trong Windows 95.

Ngay 4-9-1995: eBay, website dau gia truc tuyen dau tien duoc thanh lap. Chu nhan cua san dau gia truc tuyen nay la Pierre Omidyar. Mon hang dau tien duoc ban la mot chiec den chieu laser hong.

Ngay 15-12-1995: Alta Vista, cong cu tim kiem da ngon ngu dau tien ra mat nguoi su dung Internet.

Ngay 4-7-1996: Hotmail khai truong dung ngay quoc khanh Hoa Ky.

Thang 8-1996: So website dat 342.081

Thang 5-1997: BBC News mo mot website ve cuoc bau cu trong nam.

Thang 6-1997: Ten mien business.com duoc ban voi gia 150.000USD (80.000 bang)

Ngay 17-12-1997: Jorn Barger dua ra khai niem weblog, sau nay rut gon thanh blog.

Ngay 1-3-1998: Kozmo.com khai truong

Duoc thanh lap boi Joseph Park va Yong Kang, Kozmo.com quyen gop duoc 280 trieu USD, trong do 60 trieu tu Amazon.com va tuyen bo se chuyen phat mien phi bat ki thu gi trong vong 1g, tu DVD den… ca phe. Website nay sap tiem vao thang 4-2001 khi “bong bong .com” … xi hoi.

Thang 9-1998: Ga khong lo Google mo cua van phong dau tien cua minh tai mot gara o California.

Ngay 19-10-1998: Open Diary, blog community dau tien ra doi.

Thang 5-1999: Shawn Fanning, mot sinh vien o Boston thanh lap Napster.

Day la chuong trinh P2P (peer to peer) dau tien duoc su dung rong rai, bat dau tu chuong trinh Fanning viet tu khi con hoc trung hoc de chia se file mp3 voi ban be. Napster ngay lap tuc thu hut duoc dong dao nguoi dung Internet va ca… cac cong ty kinh doanh am nhac, nhung nguoi coi P2P la pham phap.

Ngay 16-8-1999: Everquest tro thanh game nhap vai truc tuyen nhieu nguoi choi (MMORPG) dau tien.

Ngay 19-8-1999: MySpace khai truong. Day la mot trong nhung website dau tien ve luu tru truc tuyen. Website nay duoc thanh lap boi Tom Anderson, Chis DeWolfe va mot nhom lap trinh vien. Hien nay MySpace co gan 100 trieu nguoi su dung va co ca he thong tin nhan, blog am nhac, anh,…

Thang 11-1999: Boo.com tro thanh site dau tien kinh doanh thoi trang.

Ngay 10 -1-2000: AOL mua lai Time Warner, mot trong nhung vu sat nhap lon nhat trong lich su.

Ngay 2-7-2000: Hacker danh sap 8 website lon trong do co Yahoo, CNN va Amazon.

Thang 8-2000: Da co gan 20 trieu Website

Ngay 15-1-2001: Jimmy Wales sang lap Bach khoa toan thu truc tuyen Wikipedia.

Ngay 22-11-2001: Giao hoang John Paul II gui buc thu dien tu dau tien tu chiec laptop trong phong lam viec cua ong.

Ngay 11-12-2002: FBI bat dau dang tin truy na toi pham truc tuyen.

Ngay 28-4-2003: Apples dua dich vu tai nhac iTunes vao hoat dong.

Thang 5-2003: Lan dau tien “flash mob” (mot nhom nguoi tu tap de lam mot dieu gi do khong binh thuong) duoc to chuc tai Manhattan.

Ngay 27-1-2004: Amazon.com lan dau tien thu duoc loi nhuan cua nam.

Ngay 5-2-2004: Bo nguc Janet Jacksons tro thanh hinh anh duoc tim kiem nhieu nhat trong lich su web.

Trong gio nghi giai lao giua buoi dien cung Justin Timberlake tai Superbowl, ngoi sao nhac pop nay gap mot rac roi voi trang phuc. Cac engine tim kiem sau do cho biet da co mot lan song tim kiem hinh anh ve su kien tren voi cac tu khoa nhu Janet Jackson hay Super Bowl

Thang 7-2004: Tim Berners Lee duoc phong tuoc hiep si.

Ngay 9-11-2004: Mozilla Firefox ra mat cong chung

Thang 2-2005: Website chia se video youtube.com ra doi

Thang 10-2005: Thong ke cho thay luong website moi trong nam 2005 nhieu hon trong thoi ki bung no dotcom. 17 trieu site moi duoc thanh lap.

Ngay 12-4-2006: Google khai truong mot dich vu thu hep o Trung Quoc mang ten... Gu Ge

Nam 2006: Da co…92.615.362 website.

(Theo TTO/BBC)



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