Du lich Ha Noi Noi buon cua nguoi tam huyet

Thứ hai, 02 Tháng mười 2006, 09:23 GMT+7


"Phai di hoc nguoi ta de Ha Noi phai thay xau ho, tran tro, de roi phai lam tot hon. Dung de nhung nguoi vo tam noi la Ha Noi khong co gi de xem. Neu tu thay minh khong lam duoc thi hay de nguoi khac lam!" - PGS Nguyen Van Huy.

> Choi Ha Noi nua ngay la het?

> Du lich Ha Noi: Dep lam nhung cu mai la ... tiem nang

Lien ket lam du lich: Sai day, sua dau?


Du lich Ha Noi Noi buon cua nguoi tam huyet
"Van hoa va du lich phai co su ket hop chat che, chu mot anh chi lo nghien cuu bao ton, con anh kia chi cham cham kiem tien thi cung khong ben. Anh du lich kiem duoc tien phai dua tren thanh qua cua nganh van hoa, vay thi phai giup van hoa song duoc. Tong cuc du lich tra loi rang da dau tu tro lai thong qua he thong thue roi, va tu thue thi da cap tien cho nganh van hoa roi. Cach tra loi nhu the la phien dien"

PGS Nguyen Van Huy
GD Bao tang Dan toc hoc VN

Khong may man nhu nha hang Anh Tuyet rat thanh cong voi du lich am thuc, ong Nguyen Van Huy du co cong dau trong viec dua Bao tang Dan toc hoc thanh bao tang co tieng trong khu vuc, thanh diem den duoc yeu thich cua nhung sach huong dan du lich noi tieng… cua nuoc ngoai, lai la bao tang hiem hoi tren dia ban Ha Noi mo lien tuc tu 8h30 den 17h30 cung van chi thu duoc nhung thanh cong vua phai. That qua bat ngo khi biet luong khach den bao tang hang nam moi chi dat 180.000 khach, trong do 90.000 nguoi nuoc ngoai - con so qua “khiem ton”, neu tinh tren hon 1 trieu khach du lich dat chan den Ha Noi.

Dau la ly do? Thi ra, no luc day tam huyet cua Bao tang Dan toc hoc khong "cuu" duoc cai loi lam an chop giat cua nhung nguoi lam du lich vo tam. Da danh la khong phai tour du lich nao cung dua khach qua bao tang, nhung neu co dua thi rat nhieu tour chi cho khach dung chan mot tieng den tieng ruoi de xem vai phan qua quyt. Huong dan vien cua tour nhieu nguoi gioi thieu sai, co khi con “bia”, nen khach di mot lan se chang con hung thu quay lai.

Ong Huy cho biet: “Khach le mua ve vao day duoc huong dan vien cua bao tang gioi thieu thi nhieu nguoi di ca buoi, tham chi quay lai vai lan. Nhung khong le bao tang lai “cam” huong dan vien cua tour gioi thieu o day?” The nhung, khach di le lai gap rat nhieu kho khan vi chi co doc mot tuyen oto buyt duy nhat tu Kim Ma toi Noi Bai, khong phai khu vuc tap trung khach du lich. The la khach nuoc ngoai thuong song o khu pho co phai doi tuyen xe buyt vai lan, co khi phai di bo kha xa moi den duoc bao tang. Cha, di kieu nay thi that dung la “hanh” khach, nhat la khi he thong xe buyt cua ta con kha nhieu bat cap, nguoi Viet Nam con gap kho khan, noi gi den nguoi nuoc ngoai moi den con day ngo ngac...

Noi den su lien ket giua du lich, van hoa, giao thong thi dung la cham vao mot "nui" buc xuc cua ong giam doc bao tang day tam huyet. Nao la: "Ta phai rat chu dong thu hut khach nuoc ngoai, khong chi qua he thong tour ma rat can hut nhung “Tay balo” nua, roi "Can co tuyen duong rieng den cac dia danh du lich, con neu su dung chung thi phai rat ro rang, de hieu, roi "Can he thong chi dan duong, can ban do du lich chuyen biet" v.v.. Ong Huy con ke da nhieu lan nhan duoc nhung cu dien thoai cua doanh nghiep muon lam ban do Ha Noi, ma that ra van chu yeu la lam de kiem tien. "Minh dong 5, 7 trieu thi ten bao tang cua minh co tren ban do, roi ho chi cho minh mot it tien hoa hong. Toi khong bao gio lam nhung chuyen nhu the!"

Qua that, Ha Noi la thu do ma van mang tu duy quan lieu bao cap. Du khong thieu dia diem du lich nhung khong tao ra tuyen di thuan loi cho khach, neu co tuyen di thi khach se tra tien cho nganh giao thong. Cac diem den thi lai luon quan lieu theo kieu "duoi kheo". Ong Huy noi: "Nhieu bao tang dong cua buoi trua suot tu 11h - 11h30 den 13h30 - 14h, nhu the la chi cot sao thuan tien cho nguoi lam bao tang, chu khach du lich co ai an trua tu 11h den 13h30 nhu may vi cong chuc nha minh dau? Tai sao khong phan cong nguoi lam trua, tien ve thu duoc cung du tra cho ho. Roi nhung chuyen rat nho nhu bang gioi thieu tung hien vat cua bao tang cung de rat xa, chu nho, chang may ai doc duoc!"

Duoc biet, Bao tang Dan toc hoc dang mo khoa mua he nghien cuu va thuc hanh bao tang cho 19 bao tang trong ca nuoc, lam lien tuc trong 3 nam, co gang tao ra nhom trung kien hieu duoc cac van de can doi moi, roi tu 19 hat nhan nay se keo tat ca bao tang cung theo. Cung hy vong nhu the, vi trong danh sach co kha nhieu bao tang tren dia ban Ha Noi nhu Bao tang Cach mang, Bao tang Phu nu, Bao tang My thuat, Bao tang Lich su Quan su va… Khoa bao tang cua Dai hoc Van hoa Ha Noi.

Quang ba du lich: Luoi, tham, dot?

Ai cung biet, de quang ba cho cac dia diem du lich thi rat can nhung to roi, to gioi thieu, nhung ong Huy lai than phien ve chuyen: “Lam to roi xong, mang den cac khach san xin mai nguoi ta cung khong de cho minh. Trong khi o cac nuoc tien tien, to roi cua cac diem du lich duoc phat tu do o khap noi, tu nha hang, khach san den cac van phong cong ty du lich. Chua ke, lam to roi thi moi noi mot kich thuoc, mot hinh dang, chang he thay su chuyen nghiep, su thong nhat hay lien ket nao ca”.

Phai chang, nhung nguoi lam van hoa nen nang dong va tu mang san pham den “chao ban” cho nguoi lam du lich? Lieu co su te nhi nao trong viec “nguoi lam tour muon huong tien hoa hong?”. Ong Huy lai khong nghi nhu the: “Minh da tao ra san pham cho du lich khai thac thi du lich buoc phai den day khai thac. Van biet, neu co hoa hong thi huong dan vien se chi ngay cho khach vao cua hang do luu niem cua bao tang de mua. Con khong co thi nguoi ta keo khach di cho khac. Nhung tra hoa hong cho nhung nguoi lam tour hay nguoi huong dan thi rat do, se tao ra tien le khong tot, nen chung toi khong lam”.

De Ha Noi that su la “diem den” cho khach du lich, co biet bao viec de lam. Don cu nhu viec moi dia danh tao ra nhung website chi dan day du, thong tin chi tiet cho khach, roi se co su lien ket giua cac website de tao ra he thong thong tin day du, de tim kiem. Nhung viec khong lon, nhung de lam duoc se rat can… no luc cua tung don vi, va can hon la su lien ket voi mot dau moi.

Chang the ma trong cuoc trao doi voi chung toi, ong Huy dan chung rat nhieu chuyen cua Hong Kong, cua Singapore, nhung nuoc cung nam trong chau A, lich su van hoa lai chang tham vao dau so voi be day 1000 nam cua Ha Noi. Chuyen Hong Kong co ban do chuyen biet, co he thong oto buyt gan nhu chi danh rieng cho khach du lich, cu den gio la oto di, ke ca khi khong co nguoi. Chuyen Singapore thua trong Dai chien the gioi II, bi Nhat xam chiem, va ho dung mot bao tang ve su thua cua ho, ke ve cuoc hanh quan bang xe dap, hoan toan bi mat, toc chien toc thang cua Nhat de chiem Singapore. Ma thoi, ke ra nhieu lam chi cho buon them...


Du lich Ha Noi Noi buon cua nguoi tam huyet
Trien lam "Cuoc song o Ha Noi thoi bao cap" tai Bao tang Dan toc hoc da tai hien lai mot thoi ky lich su dac biet bang con mat cua nguoi trong cuoc, voi nhung trai nghiem rat that, lam rung dong ca nhung ai chua tung trai qua cuoc song bao cap.

Gio ngoi ngam lai ta, "Ta thang ma lai khong ke hay duoc?! Nhu chuyen Dien Bien Phu tren khong, ta cung co nha trung bay nhung sao khong hay? Khong the chi trung bay may cai xac may bay, ma phai la cuoc song cua con nguoi Ha Noi trong 12 ngay dem do, la nhung gia dinh bi may bay B52 huy diet o Kham Thien ra sao? Bay gio nhieu nguoi trong so do van con song. Roi ai ke nhung cau chuyen cua cac y ta, bac si da chet trong benh vien Bach Mai luc do. Chinh bao tang nay phai ke, ma ke that hay, va khach se den tham nuom nuop. Hay, ta co nha so 80 pho Tho Nhuom, noi Tran Phu viet Luan cuong chinh tri nhung chang ai den xem. Do co la toi cua ca anh du lich, anh van hoa, ca nguoi giu gin ngoi nha do. Le ra, xoay quanh do co the ke biet bao nhieu chuyen, chuyen ong Tran Phu o duoi ham, roi chuyen cuoc song thoi Phap nhung nam 30 cua cac chu tu san. Hay phuc dung lai cuoc song do, khach se den xem de hieu cuoc song cua nguoi Phap o do nhu the nao? Dung nghi cach mang la chi gioi thieu Tran Phu va viec viet luan cuong thoi. Khi do, khach den xem con mua banh my Phap trung tam Hoa Sua o ben canh. Sao ta khong tao ra mot bao tang Ha Noi cho tot, khong tao ra nhung bao tang chuyen de cho hay? Dang co rat nhieu bo suu tap tu nhan troi noi, nam trong nha nguoi ta, di san day. Lam the nao de dua nhung bo suu tap do ra?


Du lich Ha Noi Noi buon cua nguoi tam huyet
Khach tham quan vo may bay tai Bao tang Phong khong

Dung nhu ong Huy noi, "Can phai di hoc nguoi ta de Ha Noi phai thay xau ho, tran tro, de roi phai lam tot hon, dung de nhung nguoi vo tam phai noi la Ha Noi khong co gi de xem. Neu tu thay minh khong lam duoc thi hay de nguoi khac lam. Theo ong, "trach nhiem la cua nhung nguoi lam van hoa, cua nhung nguoi cam cuong nay muc o Ha Noi. Ong cung nhan manh "Van hoa va du lich phai co su ket hop chat che, chu mot anh chi lo nghien cuu bao ton, con anh kia chi cham cham kiem tien thi cung khong ben. Anh du lich kiem duoc tien phai dua tren thanh qua cua nganh van hoa, vay thi phai giup van hoa song duoc. Tong cuc du lich tra loi rang da dau tu tro lai thong qua he thong thue roi, va tu thue thi da cap tien cho nganh van hoa roi. Cach tra loi nhu the van la phien dien".

Ong To Ngoc Thanh con manh me hon khi “phe phan” nhung nguoi lam du lich, nhung nguoi "an san, ma khong muon tra tien ai ca. Dan ta thi co tu duy nong dan, cu thay nguoi nuoc ngoai la co bao nhieu mang ra trinh dien het. Chung toi da phai dau tranh mai de trong luat cua nha nuoc co “bao ve ban quyen cua van hoc dan gian”. Nganh van hoa thi co cong bao ve, con du lich cu mang nguoi den roi di thi lam sao cong bang?"

Ong Thanh lai dua vi du ve dao Bali cua Indonesia. "Ho co show ve chua khi Hanuman - nhan vat trong su thi Ramayana cua An Do da duoc pho bien tren toan Dong Nam A - dang giup tuong linh Rama bi lu quy quay roi, bat mat vo la nang Sita. Khi thi nhieu dong tac rat sinh dong, nhi nhau, nen show do bao gio cung dong. Tong so tien ban ve thi 60% cho dien vien cua suat dien, 20% tra cho cong dong de tu sua ha tang, 20% con lai thi lap quy dao tao lop tre va tham hoi giup do om dau cho nhung nguoi dien. Cac tour du lich den day cu mua ve thoi, con anh thu bao nhieu toi khong biet, anh khong duoc can thiep vao so tien ban ve"

Tu chuyen Bali lai nghi ve chuyen Ha Noi. "Moi chuong trinh van hoa o lang, minh phai doi thi moi duoc tra 100$, ma so tien do chia cho may chuc con nguoi thi nham nho gi!". Va cung nhu ong Huy, ong Thanh lai trach nhung nguoi lam chu truong, lam co che nhieu hon, boi “tren khong co chu truong thi duoi cung chiu”.

Khong le, cu “chiu” de Ha Noi mai la tiem nang... ?

Ky 4: Du lich Ha Noi: Noi buon cua ban doc



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