Viet Nam phan doi Dao luat Nhan quyen o Viet Nam cua My

Thứ bảy, 08 Tháng chín 2001, 09:23 GMT+7

“Chung toi cuc luc phan doi viec Ha vien Hoa Ky thong qua cai goi la "Dao luat Nhan quyen Viet Nam"… Chung toi kien quyet bac bo va yeu cau huy bo van ban sai trai nay”, nguoi phat ngon Bo Ngoai giao Viet Nam, ba Phan Thuy Thanh, tuyen bo hom qua (7/9).

Ngay 6/9, ngay truoc khi phe chuan Hiep dinh Thuong mai song phuong (BTA) Viet - My, Ha vien My da bo phieu voi ty le thuan - chong la 410 - 1, thong qua Dao luat Nhan quyen o Viet Nam (ma so HR 2368). Muc dich cua no la gan viec vien tro phi nhan dao (khong thuoc linh vuc nhan dao) cho Viet Nam voi tinh hinh nhan quyen tai day, theo cach nhin nhan va danh gia cua Washington.

HR 2368 do mot so nghi si My nhu Chris Smith (bang New Jersey), Tom Davis (Virginia)… soan thao, voi muc dich duoc neu ro, la “de thuc day tu do va dan chu o Viet Nam”.

De dat duoc dieu do, cac nha lap phap My dua ra 6 de xuat co ban: 1, Thanh lap Uy ban Hanh dong cua Quoc hoi My, chuyen theo doi tinh trang vi pham nhan quyen o Viet Nam de huong dan cac chinh sach cua My va cac to chuc quoc te; 2, Chi vien tro phi nhan dao cho Viet Nam khi nao Tong thong My xac nhan rang Viet Nam co tien bo trong van de nhan quyen, chang han da tra tu do cho moi phan tu chinh tri va ton giao bat dong chinh kien; 3, Tiep xuc va tai tro cho cac to chuc hoat dong nham phat trien tu do va dan chu o Viet Nam; 4, Tai xet va giai quyet nhung truong hop di dan ti nan hoi du dieu kien di My, nhung bi tu choi; 5, Lam moi cach de dua song phat thanh cua Dai Chau A Tu do vao Viet Nam; 6, Chinh phu My dam bao cac chuong trinh trao doi van hoa giua hai nuoc dien ra vo tu nham phuc vu loi ich chung.

Tuy nhien, tong thong co quyen bai bo cac han che, neu xet thay tang cuong vien tro phi nhan dao se thuc day loi ich cua phia My.

Phan ung truoc cac quyet dinh cua Ha vien My, ba Phan Thuy Thanh, phat ngon vien Bo Ngoai giao Viet Nam, neu ro: “Hiep dinh thuong mai Viet Nam - Hoa Ky la ket qua co gang cua ca Viet Nam va Hoa Ky, duoc ky ket tren co so ton trong doc lap, chu quyen va cung co loi. Ha vien Hoa Ky phe chuan hiep dinh thuong mai Viet Nam - Hoa Ky nhu mot buoc can thiet, tien toi viec dua hiep dinh vao cuoc song… Mat khac, Dao luat Nhan quyen o Viet Nam da xuyen tac trang tron tinh hinh thuc te o Viet Nam, can thiep tho bao vao cong viec noi bo cua Viet Nam, di nguoc lai Hien chuong LHQ va cac nguyen tac co ban cua cong phap quoc te, tao ra mot tien le nguy hiem trong quan he quoc te, la khong the chap nhan duoc…".

Cung ngay 7/9, Uy ban Doi ngoai Quoc hoi Viet Nam cung ra tuyen bo: “Quoc hoi Viet Nam ghi nhan viec Ha vien Hoa Ky phe chuan hiep dinh thuong mai song phuong giua Viet Nam va Hoa Ky, coi do la mot buoc tien moi, tien toi viec phe chuan hiep dinh nay, dem lai loi ich cho ca hai nuoc.

Dong thoi, Quoc hoi Viet Nam rat bat binh truoc viec Ha vien Hoa Ky da thong qua cai goi la Dao luat Nhan quyen Viet Nam. Noi dung dao luat la su can thiep trang tron vao cong viec noi bo cua Viet Nam, vi pham tho bao cac chuan muc so dang cua luat phap quoc te, ke ca Hien chuong LHQ, tao ra mot tien le nguy hiem trong quan he giua cac quoc gia co chu quyen. Quan he giua Hoa Ky voi Viet Nam chi co the phat trien lanh manh tren co so ton trong doc lap chu quyen, khong can thiep vao cong viec noi bo cua nhau, hop tac binh dang, cung co loi.

Vi le do, Quoc hoi Viet Nam cuc luc len an va kien quyet bac bo Dao luat Nhan quyen Viet Nam va keu goi du luan rong rai Hoa Ky ngan chan viec thong qua dao luat sai trai nay”.

Doan Trang (theo Reuters, TTXVN)



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