Tang suc manh cho luoi lua phong khong Viet Nam

Thứ sáu, 31 Tháng năm 2013, 08:20 GMT+7

Khong phan Viet Nam co an toan truoc cuoc tap kich duong khong cua doi phuong hay khong phan lon phu thuoc vao suc manh cua cac he thong phong khong tam trung.

Han che cua phong khong tam trung Viet Nam

Khi vu khi cong nghe cao pho bien hon, cac cuoc tap kich duong khong ngay cang tro nen ac liet. Lich su cac cuoc chien tranh gan day cho thay, da phan cac cuoc tap kich duong khong deu tap trung o khu vuc phong khong tam trung den tam thap.

Mac du tren the gioi co kha nhieu he thong phong thu cung nhu tan cong tam xa, nhung da phan nhung vu khi nay dong vai tro ngan chan va tan cong dang diem nhieu hon la dai tra.

Su thang - thua giua ben tap kich va ben phong thu thuong quyet dinh o khu vuc phong khong tam trung co ban kinh chien dau duoi 100 km.


Tang suc manh cho luoi lua phong khong Viet Nam

Mac du da duoc nang cap len tieu chuan moi hien dai hon nhung ten lua phong khong tam trung SA-3 cua Viet Nam van mac phai diem yeu la thieu kha nang co dong.

Doi voi cac nuoc co duong loi quoc phong lay phong ngu lam dau nhu Viet Nam thi vai tro cua phong khong tam trung la cuc ky quan trong. Trong bien che luc luong phong khong Viet Nam hien nay, ganh nang phong khong tam trung phu thuoc vao 2 he thong ten lua chu dao la SA-2 va SA-3.

Mac du da trai qua nhung goi nang cap nham duy tri va tang cuong suc manh chien dau nhung thuc te nhung he thong nay kho long dap ung duoc yeu cau cua chong tap kich duong khong hien dai.

Cac goi nang cap SA-2, SA-3 ma Viet Nam da thuc hien chu yeu tap trung vao nang cap he thong dieu khien hoa luc, cai thien kha nang co dong va do chinh xac cua ten lua. Tuy nhien, co mot diem rat han che cua SA-2, SA-3 van chua khac phuc duoc la kha nang co dong.


Tang suc manh cho luoi lua phong khong Viet Nam

SA-2, SA-3 gap bat loi khi phai doi mat voi nhung ten lua hanh trinh tan cong mat dat nhu Tomahawk trong khi do day lai la loai vu khi duoc su dung dau tien.

Buk-M2E - loi giai cho bai toan

Mac du chung ta da co trong bien che 2 tieu doan ten lua phong khong di dong tam xa S-300PMU1. Tuy nhien, 2 tieu doan S-300 van chua du de dam bao su toan ven cua khong phan Viet Nam.


Tang suc manh cho luoi lua phong khong Viet Nam

Su co mat cua he thong ten lua phong khong Buk-M2E se khac phuc hau het cac diem yeu cua phong khong tam trung Viet Nam.

De bao toan luc luong chien dau qua do bao ve su an toan cho luc luong phong khong Viet Nam thi kha nang co dong co vai tro rat quan trong. Truoc day, phia Nga da gioi thieu goi nang cap S-125 Pechora 2M duoc trang bi tren khung gam xe tai MZKT-8022 tuong doi tot. Tuy nhien, day chi la mot giai phap mang tinh tam thoi chu khong hoan toan khac phuc duoc het cac diem yeu va han che cua he thong ten lua phong khong tam trung SA-3.

Mac du, SA-3 co kha nang tac chien chong may bay tuong doi tot nhung he thong nay van chua thuc su hieu qua trong viec danh chan cac loai ten lua hanh trinh, ten lua dan dao. Trong khi do, day chinh la nhung vu khi duoc su dung dau tien de danh don phu dau.

Viec tieu diet thanh cong don danh phu dau cua doi phuong vua bao ve duoc luc luong chien dau vua khien doi phuong phai nhut chi, tao tam ly tot cho nhung tran chien tiep theo. Cac chien truong Iraq, Libya da cho thay mot dieu neu khong the chong lai don danh phu dau bang ten lua hanh trinh thi gan nhu luc luong chien dau deu bi te liet.




Tang suc manh cho luoi lua phong khong Viet Nam

Buk-M2E duoc thiet ke de tieu diet moi muc tieu trong pham vi tac chien cua he thong.

Mot thuc te la nhung quoc gia nay deu thieu cac he thong phong khong tam trung hien dai. Doi voi phong khong tam trung Viet Nam giai phap hieu qua nhat chinh la dau tu mua sam he thong phong khong tam trung hien dai moi.

He thong phong khong tam trung duy nhat tren the gioi hien nay co the dap ung duoc cac yeu cau tac chien phu hop voi chien truong Viet Nam la he thong ten lua phong khong tam trung di dong 9K317E Buk-M2E, NATO dinh danh SA-17 Grizzly. Day la bien the xuat khau cua he thong Buk-M2 cua Nga, diem khac biet so voi bien the cua Nga la he thong duoc trang bi tren xe banh lop MZTK-6922 6x6 banh.

Buk-M2E duoc thiet ke de tieu diet moi muc tieu duong khong trong pham vi tac chien nhu (may bay canh co dinh, ten lua hanh trinh, ten lua dan dao, truc thang, UAV, ten lua chong radar...).

Ngoai ra Buk-M2E con co kha nang tan cong cac muc tieu mat dat, tau khu truc hoat dong gan bo bien. Diem noi bat cua Buk-M2E la thoi gian trien khai va thu hoi doi hinh chien dau cuc nhanh. Chi mat 5 phut de chuyen tu trang thai hanh quan sang san sang chien dau.

Trong tac chien phong khong hien dai, tieu chi “ai nhanh hon thi thang” luon duoc dat len hang dau, do chinh la diem manh cua Buk-M2E. Radar dieu khien hoa luc cung 4 ten lua san sang phong deu nam chung tren khung gam xe, dieu nay tao nen su khac biet cua Buk-M2E so voi nhung he thong khac.

Radar tim kiem muc tieu va radar dieu khien hoa luc deu duoc trang bi an-ten mang pha hoat dong theo tung giai doan, bo vi xu ly, may tinh dieu khien ky thuat so giup Buk-M2E co hieu suat chien dau rat cao. Cu the, xac suat tieu diet tiem kich F-15 tu 90-95%, ten lua hanh trinh tan cong mat dat tu 70-80%, ten lua dan dao tu 60-70%, truc thang, UAV tu 70-80%.

Buk-M2E cung cap chiec o bao ve khong phan voi ban kinh 50 km, tam cao 25 km. Su co mat cua Buk-M2E se khac phuc duoc hau het cac diem yeu cua phong khong tam trung Viet Nam.  Mac khac he thong nay hoan toan tuong thich voi nen tang co so ha tang thong tin lien lac, chi huy san co ma khong can dau tu them cac he thong rieng biet.

Buk-M2E trien khai xen ke cung voi SA-2, SA-3 vua bao ve duoc doi hinh chien dau vua tao luoi lua phong khong da dang tieu diet hieu qua moi muc tieu. Moi tieu doan Buk-M2E tieu chuan bao gom: 1 xe chi huy, 1 xe radar tim kiem va chi thi muc tieu, 6 xe phong tich hop radar dieu khien hoa luc voi 24 ten lua san sang phong, 3 xe tiep dan. Don gia cho moi tieu doan Buk-M2E khoang 125 trieu USD.

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