Su that ve suc manh ten lua cua Hezbollah

Thứ năm, 03 Tháng tám 2006, 10:28 GMT+7


Su that ve suc manh ten lua cua Hezbollah
Hai du kich Hezbollah chuan bi phong Katyusha tai can cu gan bien gioi Libang-Israel. Anh: AP

At chu bai trong suc manh ve hoa tien cua du kich quan Hezbollah la loai phao 122 li co chung ten goi la "Katyusha", do Hong quan Lien Xo che tao ra tu hon 60 nam truoc de chong phat xit Duc.
* Hezbollah don dap khong kich Israel

Trong Chien tranh the gioi thu II, nhung tieng rit khong lan vao dau duoc moi lan Katyusha duoc phong da tao ra mot suc manh tam ly dac biet doi voi quan thu. Cho toi may thap ky sau, nguoi dan mien bac Israel hang ngay van con nghe thay thu am thanh choi tai nay.

Du khong thuc su hieu qua nhung nhung dot phong rocket Katyusha cua Hezbollah vao cac thanh pho mien bac Israel van tao ra nhung thiet hai nhat dinh, ca ve vat chat lan tam ly.


Tam ban cac loai hoa tien cua Hezbollah. Do hoa: BBC
Tam ban cac loai hoa tien cua Hezbollah. Do hoa: BBC

Hoa tien tam ngan

So luong rocket Katyusha cua Hezbollah da phan xuat phat tu nhung kho vu khi cu tu cac nuoc thuoc Lien Xo truoc day. Phien ban dien hinh cua loai dan phao nay cua Hezbollah hien nay la BM-21 Grad, duoc Lien Xo trien khai lan dau nam 1963 voi tam ban toi da 25 km.

Do thieu he thong dieu khien chinh xac toi muc tieu nen loai rocket Katyusha chi dat duoc hieu qua cao nhat khi chung duoc phong voi so luong tap trung lon va lien tuc.

Theo nhieu nguon tin, ke tu nam 2001 Hezbollah da mua duoc mot so thiet bi phong rocket hang loat MRBL gan tren xe tai, cho phep ho thuc hien cac dot ban pha nhieu qua rocket mot luc, phat huy suc manh toi da cua Katyusha.

Trong kho dan phao tam ngan cua Hezbollah khong chi co Katyusha. Qua cac hinh anh tren kenh truyen hinh cua nhom du kich quan moi day, cac chuyen gia phan tich quan su nhan dinh loai ten lua ma Hezbollah goi la Ra-ad 1 ma ho tung su dung chinh la ten lua Shahin I do Iran che tao, co tam ban 13 km.


Kich thuoc cac loai ten lua cua Hezbollah. Do hoa: BBC
Kich thuoc cac loai ten lua cua Hezbollah. Do hoa: BBC

Ten lua tam xa hon

Nhung dot khong kich trong nhung tuan qua cua Hezbollah vao thanh pho canh Haifa, mien bac Israel, cho thay luc luong nay co the da so huu cac loai ten lua co tam ban xa hon nhieu so voi Katyusha hay Ra-ad 1 (tuc ten lua Shahin-1).

Phan lon trong so vu khi tren duoc cho la cac loai ten lua do Iran che tao nhu Fajr-3 co tam ban 45 km va dac biet la Fajr-5 co tam ban len toi 75 km.

Theo mot so nha phan tich, tham chi Hezbollah con co loai ten lua Zelzal-2 uy luc hon nhieu. Zelzal-2 dat tam ban tu 200 den 400 km va co the gan dau dan co luong chat no 600 kg. Do su dung nhien lieu o the ran nen ten lua nay co the van chuyen va thao tac de dang.

Hau het cac chuyen gia quan su nhan dinh, tam ban thuc te ma Zelzal-2 dat duoc chi la khoang 100 km. Nhung dieu nay van co kha nang dat hau het Tel Aviv, thanh pho co dan so lon nhat cua Israel, vao tam tan cong cua no.

Khong co loai ten lua nao o dang tam xa cua Hezbollah duoc trang bi he thong dan duong hay dieu khien toi muc tieu. Nhung tren thuc te thi do chinh xac khong con qua quan trong mot khi ten lua duoc dung de khong kich cac khu vuc do thi dong dan.

Dinh Chinh (theo BBC)



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