Kham pha kho ten lua khong lo duoi day bien Nga

Thứ bảy, 13 Tháng tư 2013, 12:16 GMT+7

Voi chien luoc uu tien phat trien va thuc luc cua Cuc thiet ke tau ngam, hai quan Lien Xo da tung cho ra doi hang loat nhung ky luc nhu: Tau ngam mang ten lua dan dao dau tien, tau ngam lan sau nhat, tau ngam lon nhat the gioi…

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Ke tuc truyen thong cua Lien Xo, nguoi Nga co the se lap nen mot ky luc moi, do la: Tau ngam mang nhieu ten lua nhat.

Cuc thiet ke Trung uong trang bi hai quan Rubin - Thanh pho St Petersburg tuyen bo, da bat tay vao nghien cuu, thiet ke tau ngam dong co hat nhan va dong co thong thuong the he thu 5, theo yeu cau cua Tu lenh hai quan Nga, tau ngam the he thu 5 se dua vao san xuat hang loat sau nam 2030.

Tau ngam hat nhan ten lua dan dao
Tau ngam hat nhan ten lua dan dao lop Ohio cua My co the mang toi 24 qua ten lua dan dao “Trident” D5, moi qua co 12 dau dan hoac trang bi 154 qua ten lua hanh trinh BGM-109 Tomahawk
Ve tu duy thiet ke tau ngam the he thu 5, trong gioi quan su Nga xuat hien 2 luong tu tuong doi lap nhau, 1 ben la “Thuyet tien hoa” con 1 ben la “Thuyet cach mang”.

“Thuyet cach mang” thi cho rang, mau thu nghiem tau ngam moi phai co su lien quan mat thiet den khai niem tac chien xoay quanh mot mang luoi trung tam, tat ca cac tau ngam the he moi deu tham du vao phuong thuc tac chien lap the trong mang luoi nay.

Co so cua li luan nay la tu bo cac loai tau ngam co lon, che tao hang loat cac loai tau ngam hang trung (co luong gian nuoc tu 1500 tan tro xuong) va co nho, trang bi dong co hat nhan phu tro.

Tuy cac tau ngam nay co pham vi tac chien, tam tan cong, kha nang hanh trinh lien tuc kem, khong co kha nang don doc tien hanh cac nhiem vu lon nhung neu tap hop nhieu tau ngam co nho trong mot nhom chien dau, hieu qua tac chien cua chung se vuot qua mot tau ngam hat nhan ten lua dan dao hang nang, ma nhung thiet hai thi rat nho le, khong anh huong nhieu den kha nang tac chien cua toan bo luc luong.

Tuy vay, cac ky su thiet ke Nga thien ve thuyet thu nhat va khang dinh, trong vong vai chuc nam toi, “Thuyet tien hoa” van la xu huong chu dao trong thiet ke, che tao tau ngam.

tau ngam hat nhan nga
Tau ngam hat nhan ten lua dan dao the he thu 4 lop Akula (971) cua Nga
Nhung nguoi theo “Thuyet tien hoa” yeu cau phuong an phat trien phai di theo huong tung buoc hoan thien cong nghe tau ngam hien co. Chi phi dong tau ngam hien nay cuc ky dat do vi the cac nha thiet ke phai giai duoc bai toan ha thap gia thanh.

Phuong an co ban duoc de ra de thuc hien dieu nay la nang cao tinh linh hoat trong su dung cua tau ngam the he thu 5, vi du nhu he thong vu khi trang bi theo kieu Modul, co the thay doi khi can thiet hoac phat trien tau ngam khong nguoi lai, tham chi la tau ngam tan cong khong nguoi lai.

De giam chieu dai va tang duong kinh than tau ma van dam bao bo tri hop ly cac thiet bi, co the tau se duoc thiet ke kieu 2 than voi he thong dong luc phan thuy luc, cac he thong thong tin va chi thi muc tieu ap dung nhung thanh tuu moi nhat cua li thuyet vat ly, nang cao cuc han trinh do tu dong hoa he thong chi huy va dieu khien vu khi cua tau.

tau ngam hat nhan ten lua
Tau ngam hat nhan ten lua Trident USS Nevada “SSBN-733” (duoi nuoc) va USS “Tennessee” SSBN-734 (tren u tau) thuoc lop Ohio
Theo nguoi dai dien cua Bo tu lenh hai quan Nga, tau ngam the he thu 5 phai co tinh nang thong dung nhat, tuc la phai phong duoc ca ten lua dan dao va ten lua hanh trinh.

Dac trung chu yeu cua no la kha nang tang hinh sieu viet, do on cuc thap, he thong chi huy va dieu khien vu khi tu dong hoa o trinh do cao, lo phan ung an toan va trang bi so luong cuc lon cac vu khi tan cong tam xa, trong do ten lua se la net chu dao.

Theo tin cho biet, cac he thong phong ten lua thang dung da dung the he moi lap dat tren cac tau ngam the he thu 5 bao gom 20 ong phong, co the phong duoc moi loai ten lua, bao gom ten lua chong ham va ten lua hanh trinh sieu am.

Moi 1 ong phong loai nay co co so 4 qua ten lua chien thuat, chua tinh kho dan du tru, he thong ong phong nay da co tong cong 80 qua ten lua. Chinh vi vay tau ngam the he thu 5 cua Nga duoc menh danh la “Kho ten lua co dong” duoi day bien.

Ve he thong ngu loi tren tau, hien cac chuyen gia Nga van chua nga ngu giua 3 phuong an, mot la giu nguyen kich co ong phong tieu chuan 533mm nhu hien nay, hai la tang cuong kich co cac ong phong lon hon va giam so luong di, ba la thay the bang cac ong phong loai nho hon de tang them so luong.

tau ngam hat nhan ten lua
Tau ngam hat nhan ten lua dan dao the he thu 4 Yury Dolgoruky lop Borey (955)
Quan diem thu hai cho rang, tau ngam the he thu 5 se duoc trang bi cac loai ngu loi hang nang co dong co day thi ong phong 533mm khong dam bao kha nang phong di, vi vay phai su dung cac he thong phong lon hon.

Vi du nhu loai ngu loi 650mm co bo chien dau nang hon, uy luc sat thuong manh hon va he thong tu dan tien tien hon.

The nhung, no co trong luong khoang 5 tan, dai 11m, kich thuoc lon hon rat nhieu so voi ngu loi loai cu, dan den phai mo rong dien tich khoang chua ngu loi va cac thiet bi boc do, ket cau cac he thong phuc tap hon nhieu va lam giam luong vu khi mang theo va so luong ong phong.

Quan diem thu ba thien ve tang so luong ong phong va ten lua bao dam tieu chi “hoa luc tap trung”, tan cong o at nhieu muc tieu khac nhau. Chinh vi vay, chi nen lap dat cac ong phong 324mm hoac nho hon 1 chut la 254mm hoac tham chi la 127mm. Day la quan diem thuoc truong phai “cach mang”, voi su thang the cua “Thuyet tien hoa” thi co le phuong an nay se bi loai bo.

Quan diem giu nguyen co ong phong 533mm thi cho rang, loai ong phong nay phu hop voi moi loai ngu loi va co the phong duoc tat ca cac loai ten lua hanh trinh va ten lua chong ham hien nay cua Nga. Neu nang kich co ong phong thi phai che tao rieng cac loai ten lua dung cho tau ngam nay, nhu vay se rat lang phi.

tau ngam lop borey
Tau ngam hat nhan ten lua dan dao lop Borey thu nghiem ten lua dan dao Bulava
Hon nua, trong tac chien tuong lai cac loai ngu loi tam xa hang nang khong phai la loai vu khi mang tinh chat quyet dinh tren chien truong, ma chinh la cac ten lua dan dao, ten lua chong ham va doi dat toc do sieu am nen kich co ong phong ngu loi phai phuc vu cho nhiem vu phong ten lua la chu yeu, dac biet la cac loai ten lua chong ham cuc ky phong phu cua Nga.

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