Trieu chung va cac dau hieu cua benh tien san giat

Thứ tư, 14 Tháng ba 2012, 08:13 GMT+7

Tien san giat la mot benh nang khi mang thai, co the gay san giat voi nhung dien bien nang nhu hon me, dot quy, phu phoi cap, neu khong dieu tri kip thoi co the gay tu vong cho me va con. Can theo doi chat che va tien luong benh de kip thoi xu ly.

>> Troi lanh, thai phu bi tien san giat tang cao

>> Dau hieu som cua tien san giat

Tien san giat la gi?

Tien san giat chi xuat hien trong qua trinh mang thai hoac ngay sau khi sinh. May man la da so cac truong hop deu nhe, va cu 14 thai phu thi chi co mot nguoi mac phai, nhung doi khi chung benh nay co the tro nen rat nghiem trong.

Trieu chung benh nay kha phuc tap va cho toi gio van chua co ai hieu ro ve no, co the do mot khuyet tat nao do cua nhau thai gay ra, lam giam luong mau va chat dinh duong truyen cho thai nhi, khien thai nhi kem phat trien hoac do nguoi me co phan ung mien dich voi thai nhi.

Trieu chung cua tien san giat

Khong co mot trieu chung ro rang nao cua tien san giat trong giai doan dau cua benh, nhung neu kham thai thuong xuyen thi co the phat hien ra can benh truoc khi no tro nen nghiem trong.

Bac si se kiem tra huyet ap thai phu, cac van de ve tuan hoan nhu sung phu hay co dam trong nuoc khong. Day chinh la nhung dau hieu cua tien san giat.

Tuy nhien neu thai phu chi co mot trong cac trieu chung tren thi khong the ket luan la bi tien san giat. Huyet ap cao va sung phu nhe la nhung bieu hien rat pho bien o thai phu va khong chung to duoc van de gi. Dam trong nuoc tieu cung co the la do bi viem nhiem. 

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Hinh minh hoa

Vay dau hieu cua benh tien san giat la gi

Tien san giat bao gom cac roi loan nhu tang huyet ap va protein nieu kem theo cac roi loan chuc nang he than kinh trung uong nhu dau dau, nhin mo, con co giat, hon me. Tien san giat nhe co protein nieu khoang 1-2g, phu nhieu, tang can len chung 3-4 kg, tieu it, huyet ap len toi 170/100mmHg, nhuc dau. Thai phu bi tien san giat nhe khi duoc chan doan bi tang huyet ap, protein nieu va phu tro lai ma khong co bang chung tien san giat nang. Neu khong chua tri khan truong co the tien trien thanh tien san giat nang. Tien san giat nang protein nieu 2-3g hay cao hon, phu nhieu, thai phu tang hang chuc kg, huyet ap tang cao, co khi den 190/100 mmHg, tieu it, nhuc dau nhieu nhung uong thuoc gi cung khong do; mo mat, phu vong mac hay xuat huyet vong mac; toan than met moi, hot hoang, bo pho... Hau qua la ton thuong noi mo cua nhieu co quan. Neu protein nieu cao hon 5g/24 gio, thieu nieu hay suy than, phu phoi, ton thuong te bao gan, giam tieu cau duoi 1000.000/microlit hay dong mau noi mach lan toa; co bieu hien cua hoi chung HELLP bao gom: tan huyet, men gan tang, tieu cau thap la mot dang dac biet cua tien san giat nang, day la nguyen nhan chinh dan den benh va tu vong cua tien san giat.

Tom tai neu thai phu thay minh gap phai bat ky hien tuong nao nhu sau, hay di kham ngay lap tuc!

-   Dau dau kem theo mo mat, hoa mat hay hien tuong dom dom bay truoc mat

-  Dau phan bung tren

-  Buon non, mac du hien tuong nay co the la do om nghen

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- Tang can nhanh dot ngot

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