Thu pham gay viem hong hat tai phat

Thứ năm, 09 Tháng tám 2012, 11:13 GMT+7

Nhieu benh nhan tu chan doan duoc la minh bi viem hong hat voi thay thuoc khi kham benh: Bac si chua cho toi benh viem hong hat voi, toi da uong thuoc va dot hong nhieu lan nhung chi do ma khong khoi. Vay viem hong hat la gi? Tai sao lai hay tai phat nhu vay?

>> Viem hong co nhung bien chung gi?

>> Viem hong hat: can benh dai dang

Nhan dien viem hong hat

Viem hong hat la mot the loai cua viem hong man tinh, do tinh trang viem hong keo dai dan den su phat trien qua do cua cac to chuc lympho o thanh sau hong tao nen cac hat. Benh tich cac hat nay co the toa lan khap hong hoac khu tru thanh nhung dao lympho lon kich thich, lam benh nhan thuong xuyen thay ngua hong, vuong hong, hay phai khac nho kem theo la phan xa ho. Co the ho hung hang hay ho tung con. Nhung cam giac nay rat ro ret ve buoi sang luc moi thuc day. Benh nhan co ho khac, dang hang de lam long dom. Ben canh cam giac nuot vuong la nuot dau. Benh nhan co cam giac nong cay trong hong kem theo ngua, ho con. Con ho thuong xuat hien luc bat dau di ngu. Nam nghieng ben nao thi tac mui o ben do. Tieng noi co the khan nhe hoac binh thuong. Benh nhan rat hay buon non va co nhieu phan xa hong. Nhung benh nhan uong ruou, hut thuoc la, hoac noi nhieu thi cac trieu chung tren lai tang them.

Kham hong thay niem mac hong do, day, uot, co nhung hat o thanh sau hong. Dich tiet nhay doc theo vach hong. Co khi cac co hong cung qua phat. Ben canh moi tru sau co mot cai nep gia do niem mac bi qua phat. Thanh sau hong co nhung mang qua san day, bong va do. Man hau va luoi ga day, eo hong bi hep.

Sau giai doan viem qua phat se chuyen sang the teo, chinh vi the cang co tuoi benh viem hong hat cang do dan. Cac tuyen nhay va nang to chuc tan xo hoa. Hai tru gia phia sau hai amidan mat di. Cac hat o thanh sau hong cung bien mat. Niem mac hong tro nen nhan, mong, trang va co mach mau nho. Man hau va luoi ga mong di. Eo hong doang rong, it tiet nhay va hong tro nen kho.

images/vn888/hot/v2012/2131521659-1-viem-hong-9-15909.jpeg

Hinh minh hoa

Truy tim thu pham

Viem hong hat tuy khong gay anh huong toi tinh mang nguoi benh nhung lam suy giam chat luong cuoc song cua ho. Benh nhan bi viem hong hat gap kho khan trong giao tiep do ngua, vuong hong khi dang noi chuyen, vua noi vua phai dung lai de khac dom.

Viem hong hat co nhieu nguyen nhan gay ra, muon dieu tri triet de viem hong hat phai tim dung nguyen nhan gay benh de giai quyet.

Viem hong hat thuong la hau qua bat nguon do viem mui xoang man tinh, dac biet la viem xoang sau. Dich xuat tiet chay tu cac xoang xuong thanh sau hong lam cho niem mac thanh sau hong bi lop chat nhay bao phu, kho hoat dong de thuc hien cac chuc nang sinh ly la lam sach, vi vay vi khuan de phat trien lam hong viem thuong xuyen - day la dieu kien de viem hong tai dien va tu do cac hat o thanh sau hong xuat hien.

Dieu tri benh viem hong hat se co ket qua tot neu tim duoc nguyen nhan.

Dieu tri tai cho co y nghia quan trong: thay doi moi truong hong bang cac dung dich BBM, nuoc muoi sinh ly 0,9%. Lam am niem mac hong bang SMC, khi dung hong voi tinh dau hoac cac thuoc giam viem.

Giai doan qua phat: dot cac hat lympho o tru sau bang co te dien hoac nito long, laser...

Giai doan teo: Khi dung nuoc bien tung dot, keo dai. Uong vitamin C va vitamin A de tang suc de khang niem mac.

Viem amidan man tinh cung thuong di doi voi viem hong hat vi viem amidan thuc chat cung la mot dang viem hong khu tru o amidan khau cai - cung la to chuc lymho o thanh sau hong. Khi benh nhan co chi dinh cat amidan thi doi khi viem hong hat cung xuat hien, tham chi nang hon do cac to chuc lympho thanh sau hong phat trien de bu dap lai phan da bi cat bo.

Hoi chung trao nguoc da day - thuc quan cung la mot trong nhung nguyen nhan duoc nghien cuu de dieu tri viem hong hat. Su xuat hien thuong xuyen cua dich da day lam pH cua vung hong giam, niem mac hong truoc day hoat dong trong moi truong kiem nhe nay lai phai hoat dong trong moi truong acid - la moi truong thich hop cho cac loai vi khuan gay benh hoat dong.

Ty le viem hong hat o nhung nguoi suy gan, roi loan da day ruot, roi loan noi tiet cao gap 3 - 4 lan nhung nguoi khac. Dieu nay dac biet ro net o benh tieu duong (hong do va kho), tang khop (niem mac hong do qua phat), tri mui: niem mac hong teo, nhan kho va co vay thoi.

Phong ngua tai phat

Kieng ruou, bia, thuoc la. An uong dieu do, tranh khoi bui, hoi doc. Khi bi viem hong cap can dieu tri dut diem, khong de keo dai tro thanh man tinh.   

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