Suc khoe va noi lo thieu kem

Thứ hai, 06 Tháng hai 2006, 08:32 GMT+7


Suc khoe va noi lo thieu kem
Cho tre an thuc an co nguon goc tu dong vat de bo sung kem.

Kem la vi chat quan trong duy tri suc khoe va dinh duong cua con nguoi. Thieu kem co the dan den mot so roi loan tieu hoa, chuyen hoa, than kinh...

Kem tham gia vao cac hoat dong cua tren 300 enzym trong cac phan ung sinh hoc quan trong, trong do co cac enzym tieu hoa, va dac biet la cac enzym can thiet cho su tong hop protein, acid nucleic cung nhu su tong hop, bai tiet va hoat dong cua nhieu hormon tang truong quan trong nhu GH, IGF-1, testosteron, insulin, thymulin.

Do do, kem can thiet cho viec phien ma gien, sinh san, tai tao va nhan doi te bao; can cho su tang truong va phat trien binh thuong cua cac chuc nang ve mien dich, tieu hoa, nao, noi tiet, xuong, co, su truong thanh gioi tinh cung nhu chong oxyt hoa. Thieu kem gay ra tinh trang suy giam tieu thu nang luong nen thuong ket hop voi thieu nang luong va nhieu duong chat khac…

Nguyen nhan thieu kem

Theo tien si, bac si Nguyen Thanh Danh - Trung tam Dinh duong TP.HCM, nguyen nhan dan den thieu kem thuong do: Tang nhu cau ve kem nhung khong duoc dap ung: tre sinh ra nhe can, benh coi xuong, cac thoi ky tang truong nhanh; nguoi lon trong giai doan thai nghen, cho con bu, duong benh.

Giam cung cap hoac thieu kem trong khau phan: che do an thieu can bang, thieu dam dong vat hoac kieng an, an chay truong, an kham kho, nuoi an qua duong tinh mach keo dai.

Tieu hoa hoac hap thu kem (trong benh tieu chay man tinh, viem ruot, hoi chung ruot ngan (cat bo ruot non), dieu tri thieu sat keo dai.

Mat kem do tieu chay cap, bong, gay xuong, xuat huyet, ra mo hoi, hoi chung than hu, thieu mau huyet tan, chan thuong, phau thuat, dung lau dai thuoc loi tieu, dan luu hoac ro ri phan ruot tren…

Bieu hien lam sang

Thieu kem nhe va vua la tinh trang kha pho bien. Theo TS Nguyen Thanh Danh, tinh trang nay do an uong kem ket hop voi cac roi loan co hai khac. Co the nhan thay tren mot so bieu hien cu the sau:

Thieu dinh duong: Cham tang truong, suy dinh duong nhe va vua, cham tang truong chieu cao, giam tiet sua va cac benh tram trong.

Roi loan tieu hoa va chuyen hoa: Tre co tinh trang suy giam tieu thu nang luong nhu chan an hoac giam an, giam bu, khong an thit ca, cham tieu, tao bon nhe; buon non va non keo dai o tre, buon non va non (nghen) o phu nu mang thai.

Roi loan tam - than kinh: Roi loan giac ngu (tran troc kho ngu, mat ngu), thuc giac nhieu lan trong dem, khoc dem keo dai. Suy nhuoc than kinh (dau dau, than kinh de bi kich thich, giam tri nho…). Roi loan cam xuc (tho o, lanh dam, tram cam, thay doi tinh tinh). Suy yeu hoat dong cua nao, mo mang cham chap, hoang tuong, mat dieu hoa loi noi, roi loan vi giac va khuu giac, khuyet tat, bai nao, cham phat trien tam than van dong...

Suy giam kha nang mien dich: Nhiem trung tai dien o duong ho hap (viem mui hong, viem phe quan tai di tai lai, viem duong tieu hoa, viem da, mun bong, mun mu, viem niem mac)…

Ton thuong bieu mo: kho da, viem da vung mat truoc hai chi duoi, nam da, bong da, day sung va nut got da hai ben, viem niem mac mieng, viem luoi, vet thuong lau lanh, di ung. Loan duong mong, viem me mong, toc gion de gay, hoi toc.

Ton thuong mat: so anh sang, mat kha nang thich nghi voi bong toi, mu dem, quang ga, kho mat, loet giac mac.

Thieu kem nang bieu hien dac trung boi cac ton thuong dien hinh: viem da, day sung, sam va bong da mat ngoai hai cang chan (vay ca), hoi, loan duong mong (mong nhan, co vet trang, cham moc), kho mat. Viem quanh hau mon, am ho, tieu chay. Tang nhay cam doi voi benh nhiem trung, gay ra nhiem trung tai dien. Kich thich than kinh, roi loan nhan thuc, mac chung ngu lim, cham phat trien tam than van dong. Cham phat trien gioi tinh, giam nang tuyen sinh duc, it tinh trung, benh bat luc. Suy dinh duong nang, chung lun...

Cac truong hop tang nguy co thieu kem: Can bo sung kem vao che do an cho cac truong hop: tang nhu cau ve kem; giam tieu hoa hoac hap thu kem; tang mat kem; cac benh bam sinh hoac man tinh gay thieu kem. Stress lien tuc, tieu duong, hoi chung Down, benh hong cau hinh liem, vay nen, di ung, suy gan, nghien ruou, xo gan do ruou, viem gan cap, benh than man tinh, suy tuy, benh mau ac tinh, nhiem trung man tinh (lao, AIDS…). Tre khuyet tat kem thieu dinh duong nhu bai nao, sut can, co teo nhao, albumin mau thap, cac benh nang (phau thuat, chan thuong…).

Phong va tri benh

Khi o vao cac truong hop noi tren, can den bac si chuyen khoa de kham va duoc chi dinh dieu tri. De phong chong thieu kem, can chon thuc an giau kem hoac co bo sung kem. Phong chong thieu kem cho tre phai duoc quan tam cung voi phong chong thieu kem cho cac ba me tu luc mang thai (khi co cac bieu hien nghen, bieng an, giam an, bao thai cham tang truong).

Nuoi con bang sua me (khong cai sua som truoc 12 thang). Sau 4-6 thang do be phat trien nhanh va nhu cau tang, neu thieu sua me, phai cho bu sua bo. Can dua them kem qua thu an dam hay bo sung kem bang duong uong (lieu 5mgZn/ngay).

Tre so sinh co can nang duoi 2,5kg phai bo sung kem tu thang thu hai sau sinh. Cho tre an day du va da dang cac loai thuc pham, nhat la thuc an co nguon goc dong vat (thit, ca, trung, sua, hai san, nhong tam, thit bo, thit coc… (thit coc phai lam that ky, bo het ruot, gan, trung va da). Phong chong cac benh nhiem trung. Cho tre an day du trong va sau khi bi benh nhiem trung, tieu chay…


(Theo SGGP)

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