Roi loan giac ngu Benh cua cuoc song hien dai

Chủ nhật, 14 Tháng tư 2013, 09:59 GMT+7

Mat ngu keo dai lam giam tri nho, kho tap trung chu y, giam sut kha nang lao dong va hau qua tat yeu la giam tinh tich cuc trong cuoc song.

Roi loan giac ngu la chung benh thuong gap o moi lua tuoi, gioi tinh do nhieu nguyen nhan khac nhau, benh bieu hien duoi ba hinh thai chu yeu la mat ngu, ngu nhieu va roi loan nhip thuc ngu.

Duoi ap luc cua doi song hien dai khien benh roi loan giac ngu ngay cang pho bien.

Ai de mac?

Tai Benh vien Cho Ray (TP. Ho Chi Minh), Benh vien Bach Mai (Ha Noi), nhung nam gan day luong benh nhan den kham duoc phat hien mac roi loan giac ngu do bi cang thang trong cong viec hay bi stress trong cuoc song ngay cang nhieu. Ap luc lon cua xa hoi cong nghiep, moi truong song thay doi va do kinh te khien con nguoi cang thang qua muc hay nhung buc xuc ve xa hoi, cong viec, khung hoang tam ly, tinh cam, stress manh lam cho roi loan giac ngu gia tang.

Thong ke cho thay 80% so benh nhan den kham deu mac roi loan giac ngu voi cac trieu chung ngay, ngung tho khi ngu. 5% trong so do o thoi ky benh qua nang. Nhung nguoi lam cong viec doi hoi su tap trung cao do, cang thang rat de bi mac benh nay. Nhieu nhat la cac nha quan ly, nha kinh doanh, cong nhan ky thuat, nguoi lam viec lien tuc voi may tinh, lai xe…

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Roi loan giac ngu va cac the benh

Roi loan giac ngu thuong bieu hien duoi 3 hinh thai chu yeu la chung mat ngu, chung ngu nhieu va tinh trang roi loan nhip thuc ngu.

Chung mat ngu: O nhung nguoi nay, viec di vao giac ngu va duy tri no tro nen kho khan, lam cho thoi gian ngu it di va chap chon khong sau. Chung mat ngu da phan lien quan den tinh trang cang thang, lo au, tram cam va cac benh roi loan tam than khac, doi khi la trieu chung cua mot benh thuc the.

Duoc goi la roi loan giac ngu khi mat ngu xay ra it nhat 3 lan/tuan, trong thoi gian it nhat la mot thang. Tinh trang mat ngu keo dai lam benh nhan lo lang, so hai tham chi tram cam va hau qua la cang mat ngu hon.

Chung ngu nhieu:Ngu nhieu duoc chia lam ba loai chinh la ngu ru, ngu nhieu nguyen phat va hoi chung ngung tho khi ngu.

Ngu ru la mot tinh trang benh ly than kinh man tinh, co dac diem la benh nhan di vao giac ngu khong the cuong lai duoc trong khi dang nghi ngoi hoac hoat dong, tru luc an uong hay ve sinh.

Trong chung ngu nhieu nguyen phat, ban dem benh nhan ngu nhieu, nhung ban ngay lai rat buon ngu va hay ngu gat. Tuy nhien, nguoi benh van co kha nang chong lai nhung con buon ngu nay. Tinh trang ngu nhieu ton tai it nhat tu mot thang tro len va anh huong toi sinh hoat hang ngay.

Hoi chung ngung tho khi ngu co bieu hien la ngung ho hap khoang 20-40 giay trong khi ngu. Hoi chung ngung tho gay giam bao hoa oxy va tang nong do carbonic trong mau, lam benh nhan co nhieu luc tinh giac ngan trong dem.

Roi loan nhip thuc ngu la hien tuong mat dong bo nhip thuc ngu cua nguoi benh va cua nguoi thuong. Qua trinh benh ly nay thuong gay nhung thoi diem tinh giac bat thuong trong giac ngu, kem theo nhung hanh vi tu dong, lu lan tam than va quen. Chinh vi vay ma giac ngu ngan, khong sau, benh nhan cam thay khong thoa man. Nguyen nhan gay benh thuong la yeu to tam ly, nhung cung co the la benh thuc the hoac di truyen.

Nguy co tu roi loan giac ngu

Mat ngu keo dai lam giam tri nho, kho tap trung chu y, giam sut kha nang lao dong va hau qua tat yeu la giam tinh tich cuc trong cuoc song. Mat ngu con co nguy co phat sinh mot so benh hoac lam nang them benh dang mac. Neu khong duoc chan doan va dieu tri som hoi chung ngung tho luc ngu se gop phan lam anh huong den benh tim mach nhu tang huyet ap, suy tim, thieu mau co tim, roi loan nhip tim, dot tu trong dem, tai bien mach mau nao…

… va phuong phap dieu tri

Hien nay, de phat hien va chan doan roi loan giac ngu, cac benh vien su dung may da ki giac ngu co chuc nang ghi lai toan bo nhung dau hieu bat thuong trong giac ngu cua benh nhan qua cac kenh dien nao, dien tim, dien co, thong khi ho hap, chi so oxy, giup cac bac si tim ra nguyen nhan gay roi loan giac ngu de dieu tri kip thoi va hieu qua cac benh nhu: mat ngu, ngay va ngung tho luc ngu; hoi chung chan khong yen, cu dong chi co chu ky hay ngu ru, mong du va nghien rang…

Ben canh do, can ap dung phuong phap ve sinh tam ly giac ngu nhu tao thoi quen thuc ngu dung gio, tranh dung thuoc va cac chat co the kich thich than kinh trung uong, tranh cac cang thang tam ly, can co che do lam viec, nghi ngoi, luyen tap hop ly, hai hoa tranh qua muc, truoc khi di ngu dung cac phuong phap gay em diu co truyen nhu: bam huyet, xoa bop, tam nuoc am…

Ngoai ra co the ap dung cac lieu phap tam ly (can co su ho tro cua cac nha tam ly, thay thuoc) nhu thu gian, luyen tap, am nhac,…

Chi su dung thuoc an than, thuoc ngu khi cac phuong phap tren khong co hieu qua. Khi su dung phai co su chi dinh cua thay thuoc. Khong nen tu y dung thuoc ngu vi co the co tac dung phu hoac le thuoc (nghien) dac biet la cac thuoc huong than.

Bac si Tran Quoc Ninh

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ROI LOAN GIAC NGU

Duoi ap luc cua doi song hien dai khien benh roi loan giac ngu ngay cang pho bien. 



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