Noi hach cho coi thuong

Thứ tư, 13 Tháng sáu 2012, 12:23 GMT+7

Khi thay hach noi len o dau do tren co the thi hay de y, vi do co the la mot loai benh lao – lao hach!

Truc khuan se thuc giac

Chi H.M.N (29 tuoi, o Q.3, TP.HCM) hay bi viem hong, noi hach doc hai ben co va sot nhe. Chi di kham chuyen khoa tai mui hong, duoc bac si chan doan la viem hong cap va cho uong thuoc 10 ngay thi thay bot. Do ban ron nen chi cung khong de y den “soi day chuyen hach”, sau do di kham lai o mot cho khac moi phat hien minh bi lao hach.

Bac si Nguyen Hong Duc, Truong khoa Kham va Dieu tri ngoai tru, Benh vien Pham Ngoc Thach, TP.HCM cho biet: “Lao hach khac voi lao phoi nhu nhieu nguoi lam tuong. Trong co the, bat ky bo phan nao cung co the bi benh lao. Truc khuan lao xam nhap vao co the qua duong ho hap, do hit phai tu nguoi co benh lao phoi phong thich ra khi ho, khac, hat hoi... Sau khi vao den phoi, truc khuan lao se sinh soi nay no roi sau do theo mau va bach huyet phat tan di moi noi trong co the. Thuong thi da so truc khuan se bi he thong mien dich cua co the tieu diet, tuy nhien co mot so truc khuan van con song va nam lai trong te bao o mot vai vi tri nao do.

Ve sau, khi he thong mien dich cua co the suy yeu di, nhung truc khuan lao con sot lai nay se “thuc day”, phat trien va gay benh. O truc khuan o phoi gay lao phoi, nhung co the co truc khuan o moi vi tri, nen khong chi co lao phoi ma co the la lao mang phoi, lao mang nao, lao hach, lao xuong, lao da, lao mat, lao ruot, lao than, lao sinh duc...”.

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Hinh minh hoa

Vi tri noi hach thuong gap

Lao hach chinh la benh lao xay ra tai cac hach bach huyet. Truc khuan lao da di chuyen den hach roi phat trien gay benh tai hach. Mach bach huyet dan luu bach huyet tu khap co the ve lai mau. Mach bach huyet co o moi cho. Hach la cac cau truc nam tren duong di cua mach bach huyet. Thuong thi ta khong so thay hach bach huyet.

Khi hach bi mot benh gi do (nhu lao chang han), no tang kich thuoc lon len thi co the so thay tu ben ngoai. Hach to chinh la ly do benh nhan den bac si kham. Nhung cho hach de duoc phat hien la co, nach, ben. Benh nhan phat hien do hach to len gay cam giac dau, so thay com, hoac nhin thay co mat can xung... Moi nam tai Benh vien Pham Ngoc Thach (TP.HCM) chan doan va dieu tri cho hon 1.000 ca benh lao hach.

Theo bac si Hong Duc, lao hach thuong gap o vung co, nhung cung co the xay ra o bat ky vi tri nao khac (nhu: hach trong bung, hach ben, nach, hach trong long nguc). Hach lao o vung co co the co o mot hay ca hai ben, co the co nhieu hach. Hach lao so thay chac, nhieu hach o gan nhau dinh chum lai voi nhau, kich thuoc thay doi tu hat dau, hay rat to lam thay doi hinh dang co the.

Luc dau hach co the so dau, neu khong chua co the xi mu ra da, ve sau de lai seo co keo rat dac biet. Thuong it co bieu hien toan than, benh nhan gan nhu binh thuong trong nhieu nam voi hach to. Nhung luu y la, lao hach co the di kem lao phoi, khi do benh nhan se co sot, ho, khac, la nhung trieu chung cua lao phoi.

Viet Bao.vn (Theo Thanhnien)

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