Hoi chung cai thuoc la

Thứ ba, 07 Tháng mười 2008, 23:04 GMT+7



De duoc cai thuoc la thanh cong nen tim gap bac si de duoc tu van. Anh: N.PHUONG
Nguoi cai thuoc la nen giai thich cho ban be va nguoi than ve hoi chung cai thuoc la de ho khong qua ngac nhien khi bat gap nhung “bieu hien bat thuong” cua hoi chung nay

Hien nay, tai VN co 56,1% dan so nam gioi va 1,8% dan so nu gioi hut thuoc la. Hut thuoc la da duoc chung minh la gay ra rat nhieu benh nguy hiem tham chi gay chet nguoi. Tuy nhien, ti le nguoi nghien thuoc la muon cai bao gio cung duoi 100% va ti le thanh cong cai thuoc la trong lan dau bao gio cung duoi 10%. Hoi chung cai thuoc la chinh la nguyen nhan lam giam ti le thanh cong trong viec cai thuoc la va lam nhieu nguoi nghien thuoc la co y dinh cai da quay tro lai duong cu.

But rut chi sau mot ngay cai thuoc

Khi hut thuoc la, nicotin kich thich te bao than kinh gay ra cac tac dong hung phan he than kinh nhu la an tam, thu gian, sang khoai, yeu doi, tang muc do thuc tinh, tang muc do tap trung, tang hieu qua hoat dong tri oc, giam can nang. Do qua trinh tiep xuc lau dai voi nicotin lam hoat dong cua nao bo bi le thuoc vao nicotin, khi cai thuoc la, nicotin trong mau mat di lam co the bieu hien thanh hoi chung cai thuoc la. Do la tap hop cac bieu hien tam than kinh va the chat, bao gom: roi loan cam xuc, roi loan giac ngu - co the mat ngu hoac ngu nhieu hon, roi loan khi chat – cam thay but rut, hay cau gat, noi gian; cam giac lo au, bat an; mat tap trung vao cac cong viec lam thuong ngay; cam giac sot on lanh hay rung minh, noi da ga; them an va an nhieu hon – co the lam tang can nhanh va nhieu.

Hoi chung cai thuoc la thong thuong xuat hien nhanh chong trong vong 24 gio sau cai thuoc la, tang den toi da trong 7 ngay roi giam dan 4 den 6 tuan. Do nang, dien tien, trieu chung noi bat cua hoi chung cai thuoc la tuy thuoc vao nhieu yeu to nhu muc do nghien cua nguoi hut thuoc la nang hay nhe, thoi gian nguoi nghien thuoc la tiep xuc voi thuoc la dai hay ngan, dac diem tam than kinh - the chat cua tung ca nhan.

Can chuan bi tinh than

Hoi chung cai thuoc la duoc xem la mot trong nhung rao can quan trong ma nguoi cai thuoc la phai vuot qua de dat den thanh cong cai thuoc la. Nguoi cai thuoc la phai duoc giai thich ro ve hoi chung cai thuoc la se xay ra trong qua trinh cai thuoc la gom dac diem cac trieu chung, dien tien cac trieu chung, giup nguoi cai thuoc la co duoc cam giac an tam va lam chu tinh hinh khi cac trieu chung xay ra. Ngoai ra, cung can chuan bi ve cac ke hoach ung pho trong tung tinh huong cu the nhu roi loan khi chat lo au, tram cam, roi loan giac ngu, roi loan tieu hoa (tao bon), thay doi can nang (tang can). Nguoi co quyet tam cai thuoc la can chuan bi moi truong song va lam viec phu hop, su dung kem thuoc chong tram cam va chong lo au truoc va trong khi cai thuoc la, tu van tam than kinh neu can. Nen tranh xa cac moi truong co nguy co cao lam gian doan viec cai thuoc va gay kich phat cac trieu chung tram cam lo au nhu: tranh gan gui nhieu nguoi hut thuoc la, uong ruou va su dung cac chat kich thich khac, tranh lam cac cong viec cang thang, ap luc cao, han che trai qua nhung chan dong tam ly tinh cam nhu chia tay, xung dot tinh cam. Ngay ca nhung hoan canh tam ly that thuan loi, that hanh phuc thoai mai, thu gian cung de lam cho nguoi nghien thay them thuoc tro lai.

Nguoi cai thuoc la duoc khuyen nen tang tieu thu nang luong, voi dieu kien la tap the duc du dai, du cuong do. Thoi gian duoc khuyen it nhat la 30 phut va thuc hien moi ngay trong tuan. The duc con giup can bang ve tam ly, cai thien roi loan tram cam va lo au, giup tim mot thu vui khac thay the cho thu vui hut thuoc la.

De tang can khi cai thuoc la

Ngoai nhung thay doi trong thoi quen an uong cung thuong thay khi cai thuoc la, mot so nguoi cai thuoc la co the bi roi loan ca hanh vi an uong, co nhung con them an manh liet, dac biet them ngot, ngay ca nhung nguoi truoc nay chua tung co thoi quen an ngot; nguyen nhan do tang tiet insuline gay ha duong huyet, xuat hien con them ngot, trieu chung tram cam dien hinh hay khong dien hinh duoi dang roi loan hanh vi an uong va tang ngu.

Khi cai thuoc la se dan den giam tieu thu nang luong, an uong nhieu hon bu tru cho viec du tru mo va giam duong huyet, nguyen nhan la do cam giac no den muon va cam giac doi xuat hien som khi an, ngoai ra nguoi cai thuoc la, do cac dau day than kinh vi giac va khuu giac nhay cam hon nhieu, se cam thay thuc an ngon hon nhieu. Doi voi nguoi nghien thuoc la nang, chi can vai tuan sau cai thuoc la can nang se tang de dang 2-3 kg.

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