Hieu dung ve benh gai cot song

Thứ ba, 21 Tháng năm 2013, 13:46 GMT+7

Ai da tung biet den chung benh gai cot song han se rat am anh voi cai chung dau nhuc, no gay anh huong nhieu den chat luong cuoc song. Dan gian cho rang nhung cai gai nay phat sinh la do thua canxi va chinh la nguyen nhan gay dau, do do, can phai “nho” nhung cai gai nay di va kieng cac thuc an giau canxi de gai khong phat trien them. Dieu nay co dung ?

BS Tang Ha Nam Anh” – Giang vien chan thuong chinh hinh DH Y Duoc TP.HCM da chia se nhung thong tin huu ich ve chung benh nay:

 - Hoi : Tai sao cot song co gai thua BS ?

- Dap : Khi co the truong thanh den mot giai doan nao do se lao hoa, “gai” chinh la qua trinh lao hoa tu nhien cua khop, hay noi cach khac benh gai cot song chinh la benh thoai hoa cac khop. Gai thuong xuat hien o dot song co va that lung, vi hai bo phan nay hoat dong nhieu nhat, nen dan den tinh trang khop thoai hoa nhanh.

- Hoi : Doi tuong nao thuong bi gai cot song ?

- Dap : Thuong sau 45 tuoi, nguoi ta de mac benh gai cot song. Tuy nhien, dieu nay con phu thuoc vao yeu to moi truong va gia dinh. Neu trong gia dinh co nguoi than bi gai cot song thi se co nguy co cao khop bi thoai hoa som hon.

Yeu to moi truong chinh la cong viec, neu nhung nguoi phai lam viec co khuan vac nang, ngoi nhieu, dung nhieu…thi cung de bi benh hon. Khao sat doi tuong van dong vien thi cung cho thay, van dong vien cu ta bi thoai hoa cot song nhanh hon do phai nhac vat nang, trong luong de len cot song lam cot song nhanh mon va yeu di. Ngoai ra, benh thuong gap o nguoi cao tuoi khi cot song bat dau thoai hoa voi tuoi gia va thuong co nhieu o nam gioi hon nu gioi. Tuy nhien, nu gioi tuoi man kinh cung hay bi gai cot song hon.

- Hoi : Trieu chung cua benh la gi thua BS ?

- Dap: Trieu chung thuong gap khien nguoi benh phai di kham la dau that lung, dua vai hoac co, lan xuong canh tay, te tay…doi khi lam gioi han van dong o co, vai, that lung. Phan lon gai cot song gay dau la do tiep xuc voi day than kinh hoac cac xuong dot song khi cu dong.

- Hoi : Co phai nhung cai gai chinh la nguyen nhan gay dau va can phai “nho” chung di ?

- Dap : Nhieu nguoi cho rang nhung cai gai nay dam vao cot song nen gay dau, nhung tren thuc te, ban than gai khong gay dau, dau la do he thong co va day chang bi yeu Hien khong co thuoc nao co the lam tieu nhung cai gai nay di va cung khong can “nho” chung di.

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Gai chi la bieu hien cua thoai hoa khop hon la nguyen nhan gay dau. Vi du, dau vung got chan mot thoi gian dai moi chup thay gai, nhung nhieu nguoi bi am anh cai gai nay va doi phai mo cat gai. Thuc ra gai chi la do lang tuu canxi tren can gan chan bi viem lau ngay. Nhung mot khi da ghim y nghi gai trong dau thi neu BS chua mo lay di thi chua an tam va cu bi dau keo dai.

- Hoi : Dan gian cho rang, khi bi gai cot song thi khogn nen an thuc an giau canxi, dieu nay dung khong ?

- Dap : Quan niem nay sai lam khong co co so khoa hoc. 90% canxi khi an vao deu duoc thai ra duong phan, chi co la 10% duoc hap thu. Ngoai ra, luong canxi trong mau duoc kiem soat rat chat che, khong de tang len qua muc hoac giam qua muc. Dieu nay cho thay, an nhieu canxi khong anh huong, khong lam gai moc nhieu hon.

- Hoi : Vay, khi bi gai cot song thi can lam gi de giam dau ?

- Dap : Tap vat ly tri lieu la bien phap huu hieu giup tang cuong suc khoe cho co va day chang, giu cho cot song luon vung chac, khoe thi se khogn dau nua. That ra, vat ly tri lieu la nhung dong tac the duc ma thoi, nhung yeu cau phai tap dung ky thuat va dieu nay se do BS chuyen khoa huong dan.

- Hoi : Phong ngua benh gai cot song bang cach nao thua BS ?

- Dap : Chu y luon giu cho lung thang, tranh ngoi hoac dung qua lau khi lam viec, tranh khom lung, khuan vac hay nhac vat nang….de khong gay ap luc len cot song. Ngoai ra, can chu y tranh loang xuong, dac biet la o nguoi cao tuoi va phu nu man kinh bang cach an uong day du, nhat la cac thuc pham giau canxi, tap the duc, the thao hop ly va deu dan.

- Hoi : Thua BS, co the chua khoi hoan toan benh gai cot song khong ?

- Dap : Nhu da noi, gai cot song la mot qua trinh lao hoa tu nhien theo thoi gian, tuoi tac, do do rat kho tranh khoi. Hien khong co phuong phap nao chua khoi hoan toan. Tuy nhien, nhieu nguoi co gai cot song nhung hoan toan khong dau va khoe manh. Nguyen nhan la do ho biet cach giu cho cot song khoe, khong thuc hien cac dong tac gay dau nhu cui, khom, dung ngoi lau..  

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GAI COT SONG

Gai cot song la su phat trien them ra cua xuong tren than dot song, dia sun hay day chang quanh khop. Khi bi gai cot song nguoi benh thuong co cam giac dau do khi cu dong, gai tiep xuc voi day than kinh hoac cac dot xuong song.


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