De phong ton thuong khop goi

Thứ sáu, 13 Tháng tư 2012, 13:31 GMT+7

Dau goi rat de bi chan thuong vi phai chiu suc nang co the trong khi lao dong, chay nhay, di lai. Dong tac chu yeu cua khop goi la gap va duoi, con cu dong sang ben hoac quay thi rat han che. Vi vay khop goi de bi ton thuong boi nhung chan thuong tu hai ben hay tu phia truoc hoac do van xoay. Tuy nhien neu biet bao ve, ban se co khop goi chac khoe va giu duoc ve dep cua hai dau goi.

Ton thuong hay gap o khop goi

Dau dau goi: sau mot chan thuong dau goi ban bi dau. Co khi nguoi benh mo ta la dau buot “den tan tim”, hay dau “dieng nguoi”. Di nhien la ban phai xoa dau va uong thuoc moi mong khoi duoc som.

Long khop goi: la mot chan thuong hay gap trong the thao, khi day chang cheo truoc bi ton thuong, khop goi se long. Nhung luc moi chan thuong, do co dui ho tro nen ban chua cam nhan duoc bi long goi. Thoi gian sau co dui bi teo khong con du suc gong ganh cho day chang cheo truoc, cac dau hieu cua long goi moi xuat hien. Ban se cam thay chan bi yeu khi di lai, kho khan khi phai dung tru bang chan bi benh, di nhanh tren duong khong bang phang de bi treo goi, cam giac bat thuong khi len xuong cau thang, kho dieu khien chan minh nhu y muon.

Trat khop goi: neu chan thuong manh ban co the bi trat khop goi voi cac bieu hien dau, khong cu dong duoc khop goi, bien dang khop goi. Ton thuong co the lam gay xuong, vo sun, rach bao hoat dich, dut rach day chang… Khi do ban phai dieu tri tai benh vien bang cach nan chinh, phau thuat phuc hoi khop va dung thuoc giam dau, chong viem.

Viem khop: co the do cac nguyen nhan chan thuong, nhiem khuan hoac khong nhiem khuan, benh tu mien gay ra. Khop goi bi sung, nong, do dau, han che van dong. Tuy nguyen nhan ma ban phai dieu tri bang thuoc chong viem, khang sinh…

Thoai hoa khop goi: la tinh trang lao hoa cua khop. O nguoi cao tuoi, sun khop bi lao hoa tro nen san sui, mat do tron nhan, giam dan hoi, kho va nut ne, mon, khuyet… Muc do lao hoa tung nguoi co khac nhau, tuy thuoc dieu kien song cua moi nguoi. Ba trieu chung thuong gap o benh thoai hoa khop goi la dau khop, sung khop va han che cu dong. Dieu tri can dung cac loai thuoc: giam dau, chong viem; bo sung chat nhay cho khop; thuoc tang dinh duong sun khop nhu glucosamin; cac thuoc boi, xoa ngoai; cac thuoc bo gan, xuong.

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Cham soc dau goi

Dau goi quan trong doi voi suc khoe va ca tham mi nen chung ta can phai biet cach cham soc de bao ve “suc khoe” va ve dep cho dau goi. Chung toi xin chia se voi cac ban nhung “bi quyet” sau day:

Do dau goi chi duoc che phu bang mot lop da, thieu su bao ve cua bap co va mo, nen khong duoc cung cap day du nhiet trong dieu kien thoi tiet lanh gia cua mua dong. Vi vay chung ta can giu am cho dau goi bang cach mac quan dai voi chat lieu vai thun hay cotton day, di giay tat de thuong xuyen giu am chan va dau goi.

De phong tranh khop goi bi xo cung, ban can thuong xuyen tap cu dong bang cac dong tac nhu dung len, ngoi xuong, xoay tron khop goi theo chieu kim dong ho va nguoc lai de dau goi duoc tuoi mau nuoi duong day du, dich khop tiet deu dan, giup moi hoat dong duoc nhip nhang. Buoi toi truoc khi ngu ban co the tap dong tac duoi gap goi bang cach ngoi tua lung ghe, ke mot cai goi mem cao chung 10 – 15cm duoi khoeo chan, tap duoi thang chan roi lai ha cang chan xuong o tu the vuong goc voi dui tu 15 – 20 lan.

Truoc khi luyen tap the duc the thao hay tap quan su, ban nhat thiet phai tap khoi dong toan than va khop goi de khi van dong co the noi chung va khop goi noi rieng duoc tron tru, thuan loi. Ban khong nen da chan cao mot cach dot ngot de tranh ton thuong khop goi. Trong tap luyen mot so mon the thao de gay chan thuong, ban nen bo khop goi bang bang thun de bao ve.

Ban cung nen tranh cac tu the gay hai cho khop goi nhu: tranh ngoi gac cheo chan; bo thoi quen ngoi xom vi gap goi qua muc tao luc ep rat lon len mat sun khop va sun banh che, mat sun de mon, dap, se thoai hoa som. Dong tac quy goi hay tap cu ta ma ganh ta qua thap cung gay hai khop goi nang hon ngoi xom. Khuan vat nang hay dung lau, khop goi chiu luc khong thang truc gay dau vung truoc goi va lam cho khop goi nhanh bi thoai hoa.

Ban chi nen di giay dep co de rong, do cao vua phai, khoang 3cm. Neu di giay dep cao got se tang ap luc len khop goi. Tranh thua can, vi thua 1kg thi khop goi phai chiu dung suc nang tang gap 5 lan. Neu ban bi di dang chi duoi nhu chan chu O, chu X cung can phau thuat chinh hinh cho truc dau goi duoc thang.

Khop goi duoc tao thanh boi 3 xuong: xuong dui, xuong chay va xuong banh che. Giua mat khop loi cau dui – mam chay co cau truc sun goi la sun chem. Sun chem nam chem giua mat sun khop loi cau dui va mam chay co tac dung giam soc khi sun khop loi cau dui va mam chay tiep xuc khi van dong va giu cho khop goi duoc vung vang. He thong day chang ben trong, ben ngoai va hai day chang cheo truoc va cheo sau nham giu cho khop goi vung chac. Day chang cheo truoc co tac dung chinh la giu khong cho mam chay truot ra truoc va day chang cheo sau giu cho mam chay khong bi truot ra sau. Day chang ben ngoai giup goi khong bi veo trong, day chang ben trong giup cho goi khong bi veo ra ngoai. Toan bo khop goi duoc bao boc boi mot lop mang hoat dich co tac dung tiet ra dich khop de boi tron trong qua trinh van dong.

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