De phong benh trong tiet xuan he

Thứ hai, 03 Tháng tư 2006, 15:07 GMT+7

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De phong benh trong tiet xuan he
Benh nhi bi ho ga

O nuoc ta, vao thoi gian cuoi xuan sang dau ha, thoi tiet tuy nang am nhung thinh thoang co nhung dot gio mua dong bac lam tiet troi dang am ap tro lanh nhu mua dong. Day lai la dieu kien rat tot cho thuc vat, nam moc, con trung va cac loai vi sinh gay benh phat trien, co benh lay lan thanh dich.

Cac benh hay gap la benh ve duong ho hap, tim mach va tieu hoa. Viec phong tranh cac benh do co tam quan trong hon viec dieu tri khi da mac benh.

Nhung benh nao can phai de phong?

Benh ve duong ho hap: Co quan cam thu cua bo may ho hap (nam tai niem mac duong ho hap) rat nhay cam voi thoi tiet lanh. Khi ta hit tho khong khi lanh, niem mac ho hap phan ung lai bang su sung huyet, phu ne va tang tiet dich. Phan ung con xay ra khi bi nhiem lanh o nhung vung ngoai bo may ho hap nhu co, nguc, vung lung, ban chan, dac biet la gan ban chan. Su phan ung nay theo mot co che phan xa.

Su phu ne va sung huyet duong ho hap keo dai se la moi truong thuan loi cho cac loai vi sinh gay benh phat trien, tao nen dot bung phat cac benh man tinh cua duong ho hap nhu benh phoi tac nghen man tinh, benh hen phe quan, benh viem phe quan... nguy co quan trong hon la cac benh cap tinh nhu: cum, soi, ho ga, quai bi, thuy dau... phat trien.

Cac benh nay lay lan theo duong ho hap qua cac hat nuoc bot cua nguoi benh ban ra khi noi chuyen hay ho khac, lam nguoi lanh hit phai. Vi du benh cum thuong xay ra khi thoi tiet lanh (gap 1.000 lan khi thoi tiet am), dan gian thuong goi la cam lanh, thuong la nhe, nhung co truong hop nang gay tu vong rat nhanh.

Hien nay dich cum gia cam o nuoc ta da tam on dinh, nhung o mot so nuoc khac van dang co dich, mat khac thoi tiet mua xuan van la dieu kien thuan loi cho virus cum H5N1 phat trien, bung phat tro lai thanh dai dich. Luc do cum gia cam co the lay sang nguoi, vi vay chung ta can het suc canh giac de phong.

Benh tim mach: Nguoi bi tang huyet ap, vao nhung ngay ret cua mua xuan, ra ngoai troi nhu di tieu ban dem, huyet ap se tang cao dot ngot de gay ra tai bien mach mau nao. Tai bien nao co the gay tu vong nhanh chong, neu song sot se de lai di chung nang ne dan den tan phe. O Viet Nam co 92,96% benh nhan tai bien mach mau nao co di chung ve van dong. Nhung nguoi uong ruou, ca phe, hut thuoc la ra ngoai lanh rat de xay ra nhung tai bien ve benh tim mach.

Benh duong tieu hoa: Mua xuan chuyen sang he cung la thoi ky thich hop cho ruoi nhang phat trien. Ruoi nhang hay dau vao nhung noi o nhiem nhu phan, rac, xac suc vat chet, roi dau vao bat dia, thuc an, do uong cua nguoi. Chan ruoi co nhieu long, la cho chua cac vi khuan, virut gay benh, chung reo rac cac mam benh tieu chay, ta, ly, viem ruot, benh co the lay lan thanh dich. Benh nhan co nhung bieu hien dau bung, di ngoai nhieu lan, phan nhieu nuoc, non oe. Co truong hop bi mat nuoc va chat dien giai, khong cap cuu kip thoi co the dan den tu vong.

Nhung bien phap phong chong

- Trong cac dot ret, moi nguoi can giu am co, nguc, lung, dac biet la 2 gan ban chan. Chu y giu am ve ban dem, luc di ngu. O mien nui co the suoi am bang dot cui. Dac biet phai giu am cho cac cu gia, tre em va tre so sinh.

- Doi voi cac benh gay thanh dich: Phai chu y tiem vacxin phong dich theo Chuong trinh tiem chung mo rong cho tre em. Khi co dich phai thong bao ngay cho co quan y te cap tren. Khan truong cach ly nguoi benh, bao vay dap tat o dich. Moi nguoi trong vung co nguy co lay nhiem theo duong ho hap phai deo khau trang, nho thuoc sat trung mui, co dich cum thi tiem vacxin phong cum, han che cac cuoc hoi hop, tu tap dong nguoi.

Neu co benh dich sot xuat huyet va viem nao Nhat Ban phai chu y diet muoi, nam man, diet bo gay o chum, vai, bon, chau chua nuoc, khai thong cong ranh, phun thuoc DDT rong rai.

- Doi voi benh duong tieu hoa: Can chu y kiem tra ve sinh thuc pham tai cac noi giet mo, ban thit gia cam, gia suc, cua hang an, cua hang thuc pham, viec an uong trong cac dam ma, dam cuoi. Co y thuc xu ly phan, nuoc, rac thai... tot. Khong an rau song, thuc an oi thiu, khong uong nuoc la. Su dung long ban day do an va diet ruoi nhang.

- Cuoi cung la quan ly chat che viec kiem dich doi voi khach nuoc ngoai nhap canh. Neu nghi ngo nguoi mac benh dich, phai khan truong cach ly, theo doi, bao vay de dich khong co dieu kien lay lan ra cong dong. Nguoi phuc vu benh nhan bi dich phai co phuong tien, trang bi phong ho dung quy cach. Nhang chong xac dinh, phan lap nguyen nhan gay benh dich. Neu co dich cum gia cam, phai bao vay, dap tat, sat khuan, tieu huy gia cam tai noi co dich. Co phac do dieu tri, tang cuong doi ngu can bo phong chong dich o cac co so y te.

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