Beo phi tre em Co nen that da day boc mo

Thứ sáu, 31 Tháng tám 2012, 10:05 GMT+7

Tre em voi can nang qua kho co nen tien hanh that da day, boc mo de cuu cac em? Cac chuyen gia ve dinh duong phan tich nhung giai phap tot nhat doi voi tre em beo phi la gi?

Beo phi va vo sinh

Thac si, Bac si Phan Bich Nga, Pho giam doc Trung tam tu van phuc hoi dinh duong va kiem soat beo phi, Vien dinh duong Quoc gia cho biet: “Ti le cac chau den kham beo phi thap hon so voi cac roi loan dinh duong khac.


Beo phi tre em: Co nen that da day, boc mo?
Tre beo phi cang lau se kho dieu tri.


Nhung nam 2003- 2004, ti le nay thap chi 1 – 2% sau do tang dan. Hien nay ti le cac chau beo phi den kham chiem 7 – 8% van la rat khiem ton. Trong khi do, cac chau den kham suy dinh duong khoang 50 – 60%, coi xuong khoang 60% nhung beo phi van duoi 10%.

Dieu nay noi len y thuc cac phu huynh chua de tam nhieu den kham beo phi cho con. Ho chua thay do la van de dang lo ngai va anh huong den suc khoe. Vi nhieu nguoi van quan niem “beo dep, beo khoe. Thong thuong, nhung tre do khi be rat khoe manh, it om dau, an de, ngu de. Vi vay, cac bac cha me rat hay chu quan. Nhung sau nay, cac chau co nguy co mac nhieu benh”.

Beo phi nang tu do 2 tro len da phan la do benh ly. Beo phi dan den roi loan tam sinh ly tre lam tre day thi som. Khi tre truong thanh beo phi gay roi loan chuc nang sinh san, kho co con.

Tre beo phi som bi dai thao duong, benh tim mach, xo vua dong mach, cao huyet ap, cac benh ly ve than, ung thu xuong.

Bac si Nga phan tich: Ung thu xuong vi te bao mo khi bi phi dai, khong o kich thuoc binh thuong se rat kho thu nho. No tran lan va xam lan vao cac co quan to chuc. Khi do no gay ra roi loan dieu tiet hormone cua co the va gay roi loan chuyen hoa trong do co gay ra ung thu xuong.

Viec pha vo su can bang hormone cua co the khien beo phi tro thanh mot yeu to nguy hiem gay vo sinh o ca nam va nu.

Viec suy giam chuc nang buong trung la yeu to chinh dan toi vo sinh o phu nu beo phi. Su bat thuong trong nong do cac hormone nhu la androgen, estrogen va progesteron co the lam thay doi chu ky kinh nguyet cua phu nu.

Nong do ly tuong cua cac loai hormone nay la thuc su rat can thiet cho viec thu thai va mang thai. Su tich tu chat beo o buong trung cung lam dao lon su phat trien cua bao thai va dan toi say thai.

Doi voi nam gioi, beo phi co lien quan mat thiet voi vo sinh o nam gioi. Cac te bao chat beo san sinh estrogen va nam gioi cang co nhieu te bao chat beo cang tang so lan tuan hoan estrogen trong co the so voi nhung nguoi co can nang binh thuong. Dieu nay dan toi nguy co vo sinh o nam gioi, gay ra su san sinh tinh trung khong binh thuong.

Co nen that da day, cat mo?

Ve nguyen nhan beo phi, bac si Nguyen Thi Hoa, truong khoa Dinh duong, benh vien Nhi dong 1, TP.HCM cho rang 10% tre em beo phi do yeu to noi sinh, 90% do ngoai sinh.




Beo phi tre em: Co nen that da day, boc mo? Voi chau be nen cho an theo nhu cau dinh duong chu khong phai an theo kha nang. Nhu cau o day la muc dinh duong duoc khuyen cao cho tung lua tuoi. Voi tre beo khong co nghia la hoan toan phai kieng mo. Muc toi thieu o muc chiem 20% nang luong khau phan. Beo phi tre em: Co nen that da day, boc mo?


Bac si Nguyen Thi Lam, Pho vien truong vien dinh duong Quoc gia


Noi sinh gay beo phi co the do gen, roi loan noi tiet… Con ngoai sinh do moi truong ben ngoai, che do dinh duong vuot qua nhu cau, it van dong.

Phuong phap chua tri la tim ra nguyen nhan cu the de giai quyet. Nhung voi nguyen nhan noi sinh cung kho khan de chua tri.

“Voi tre em beo phi chu yeu do yeu to ngoai sinh, trong phac do dieu tri la kiem soat che do an, tap luyen, tre con khong dung thuoc. Voi bien phap boc mo, that dai da day, khong duoc ap dung voi tre con”, bac si Hoa noi.

Con theo bac si Nga: Co nhung truong hop kho, beo phi do roi loan noi tiet. Khi do, benh nhan den kham tai Vien dinh duong se duoc chuyen den khoa noi tiet, benh vien Nhi Trung Uong hoac benh vien noi tiet.

Co nhung bieu hien beo phi do benh ly hiem gap nhu u o thuy sau tuyen yen. Van de ve roi loan chuyen hoa lipid mau do nguyen nhan bam sinh.

Cung co truong hop beo phi do di truyen. Cac nghien cuu thong ke cho thay, neu bo me cung beo phi thi kha nang con bi beo phi len toi 70 – 80%. Mot minh bo hoac me beo phi, con se bi nguy co 40%.

Con lai cac chau beo phi do che do an. Cung co the cac chau beo phi con co su ket hop di truyen voi che do an.

Theo bac si Nga, voi benh ly u o nao thi phai dieu tri ben than kinh, lam cac xet nghiem chan doan vi tri u, kich thuoc. Bac si chuyen khoa se cho huong dieu tri phu hop voi viec kha nang chen ep xung quanh cua khoi u. Tham chi co the phai phau thuat.

Neu beo phi do nguyen nhan di truyen roi loan lipid mau phai dieu tri bang thuoc. Day la nhung truong hop nang, kho khan. Vi nhung thuoc dieu tri nay rat hai gan, than, uong vao, tre se thay rat met.

Trong truong hop beo phi thong thuong do che do an thua nang luong. Doi tuong nay hay gap o nhung tre van dong it.

Ve phuong phap manh de giam beo phi nhu that eo da day, boc mo, cac bac si deu cho rang, phuong phap nay chi ap dung voi nhung nguoi truong thanh tren 18 tuoi chu khong danh cho tre em.

Ke ca voi truong hop nguoi truong thanh co nhieu truong hop that bai, gay bien chung nguy hiem.

Rui ro cua mot cuoc mo, tuot dai that, bien chung benh ly da day. Tham chi, co the tu vong. Con boc mo co the lai dun mo tro lai neu khong co phuong phap kieng khem hop ly trong dinh duong.

Co nen co che do an uong kieng khem tuyet doi cho tre?

Beo phi o tre em khac nguoi lon. Nguoi lon khi da truong thanh roi co the kieng khem tuyet doi. Nhung tre em van phai phat trien co the. Vi vay, can co mot che do an can bang.

Neu kieng khem qua thi anh huong den toc do lon cua tre. Phai dam bao nang luong du, dam bao luong dam. Vi dam, nhat la dam dong vat rat can cho su phat trien cua tre cung voi chat beo.

Chat beo toi thieu van can 20 – 25 gr/ngay, chat beo van la ca dau, mo.

Tre beo phi van can bo sung thuc pham giau canxi nhu tom, cua ca, bo sung sua nhung khuyen cao nen su dung sua tach beo. Ngoai ra, can an tang rau, cu chat xo.

Che do an cho tre beo phi thuong phai giam chat bot, giam chat beo. Nhat la thit mo, tham chi han che an thit lon vi trong thit nac cua lon, ham luong chat beo van kha cao. Han che cho tre an mon xao ran.

Bac si Nga chia se: “Tre em tu 11 tuoi tro len sau khi ap dung dieu tri bang phuong phap dinh duong, an uong da can bang ma van beo phi thi can xem xet be co bi roi loan noi tiet hay khong. Dieu tri beo phi cang som cang tot, cang de lau thi kha nang dieu tri thanh cong cang kho. Tre den kham o trung tam chung toi se duoc tu van che do an, hoat dong hop ly. Va dieu tri co thanh cong hay khong can co su tac dong, giup do cua bo me.

Chung toi huong dan ca che do van dong, phai choi cac mon the thao van dong nhieu, ra nhieu mo hoi, ket hop tang chieu cao”.

Tinh can nang tieu chuan cua tre em

Voi tre em tu so sinh den 6 thang tuoi:

Can nang ly tuong (kg) = Can nang so sinh (kg) + So thang tuoi x 0,6

Vi du: Mot em khi moi sinh co can nang 3,0 kg, sau 3 thang so can can co la: 3,0 kg + (3 x 0,6) = 3,0 x 1,8 = 5,4 kg. Sau 5 thang so can can co la 9,0 kg.

Voi tre tu 7 thang tuoi den 12 thang tuoi:

Can nang ly tuong (kg) = Can nang so sinh (kg) + 3,6 + 0,5 x (So thang tuoi x 0,6)

Vi du: Mot em khi moi sinh nang 3,0kg sau 8 thang tuoi so can nang can co se la: 3,0kg + 3,6 + 0,5 (8 x 0,6) = 6,6 + 2,4 = 9,0 kg.

Voi tre tu 2 – 12 tuoi:

Can nang ly tuong (kg) = 8 + (so nam tuoi x 2).

Vi du: Mot em tron 5 tuoi, so can nang can co la:

8 + (5 x 2) = 18 (kg).

De danh gia muc do beo phi ta dung cong thuc tinh % do beo nhu sau:

Do beo (%) = (Can nang thuc te - Can nang tieu chuan): Can nang tieu chuan x 100

Phan loai muc do beo:

Binh thuong: Can nang tieu chuan ± 10% do beo.

Thua can: Can nang tieu chuan > 10% - 20% do beo.

Beo phi do I: Can nang tieu chuan > 20% - 30% do beo.

Beo phi do II: Can nang tieu chuan > 30% - 50% do beo

Beo phi do III: Can nang tieu chuan > 50% do beo.

Th.S Nguyen Diem, Truong Dai hoc Quy Nhon

» Ky luc "be khong lo" o Viet Nam: 13 tuoi nang 100kg
» Be trai 2 tuoi khong lo o Hoa Binh: Qua bat thuong!
» Khi con bi che nhao
» Mach nho cach chon trang phuc cho co nang “beo u”


Nguyen Tam

Cac bai viet khac:

Tiep theo >>


^ Lên đầu trang ^


Copyright © 2006-2012 by VietBao.vn
Viet Bao Viet Nam - All Rights Reserved.