Bat benh phu khoa qua khi hu

Thứ sáu, 07 Tháng mười hai 2012, 14:33 GMT+7

Co quan sinh duc nu co nhung kha nang ky dieu tao nen thien chuc lam me, nhung dong thoi cung la noi rat nhay cam voi nhieu mam benh nhu: viem nhiem do tap trung, do nam, do ky sinh trung…

Tuy theo nguyen nhan va tinh chat cua benh tao ra mot chat dich tiet ra tu am dao goi la khi hu.

Phan biet dich tiet am dao binh thuong va khi hu

Dich tiet am dao sinh ly co tac dung giu am cho am dao, la chat boi tron, tao moi truong thuan loi cho tinh trung vao tu cung ket hop voi trung. Dich tiet am dao binh thuong co mau trang trong nhu long trang trung, dai co the keo thanh soi, khong co mui hoac hoi tanh. Tu do tuoi truong thanh, nguoi phu nu nao cung co dich tiet am dao, thuong xuat hien nhieu hon truoc khi rung trung, truoc kinh nguyet, trong sinh hoat tinh duc.

Khi hu benh ly lai la dau hieu cua benh phu khoa co the gay vo sinh vinh vien cho phu nu. Neu khi hu co nhung bieu hien bat thuong ve ca so luong va tinh chat la dau hieu chac chan cua su viem nhiem. Voi moi benh phu khoa, khi hu thuong co nhung bieu hien dac trung khac nhau. Co the dua vao tinh chat cua khi hu de doan ra mot so benh phu khoa thuong gap.

1. Viem am ho – am dao

Hien tuong khi hu co mau xanh nhat, loang, co bot, voi so luong nhieu, kem theo trieu chung ngua rat am ho la bieu hien cua viem am ho – am dao do trichomonas vaginalis, loai nay chiem 20% so viem am dao. Co khoang 10% nguoi benh khong co trieu chung.

Khi hu la huyet trang sanh dac, mau trang lon con nhu sua chua, dong thanh mang, gay ngua, rat nhieu, giao hop dau, am ho viem do, ne, am dao viem do, u dong huyet trang, pH am dao < 4,5. Day la bieu hien cua viem am ho am dao do nam candida, mot benh phu khoa thuong gap. Ngoai lay truyen qua duong tinh duc benh con lay qua: nuoc, quan ao…

Dich tiet am dao nhieu, co mau trang xam, bach doi hoi loang, co mui rat hoi va tanh la bieu hien cua viem am dao do nhiem tap khuan. Cac loai vi khuan thuong la nhung vi khuan yem khi hon hop.

2. Viem co tu cung

Viem co tu cung do lau cau: Lau o nu co 97% khong co trieu chung. Co khoang 3% la benh nhan co tieu buot, tieu gat, khi hu vang rat hay gap.

Viem co tu cung do chlamydia trachomatic:  Qua nghien cuu, nguoi ta thay rang co khoang 20 – 25% nguoi benh khong co trieu chung. Co 30 – 60% truong hop khi hu giong nhu mu. Ngoai ra co the co ra mau, tieu kho.

Viem co tu cung cap tinh: Thuong gap thoi ky sau sinh, sau say thai, rach co tu cung lam niem mac co trong bi lon vao am dao va bi nhiem khuan. Hinh thai nhiem khuan nay cua co tu cung gay ra viem bach mach o nen day chang rong; bieu hien khi hu nhu chat nhay, co mu, co tu cung sung huyet phu ne.

Viem co tu cung man tinh: la tinh trang viem co tu cung bi keo dai, khi hu la chat nhay ra tu co tu cung dac sanh co mu, khong ngua, giao hop khong dau, nhung doi khi bi ra mau khi giao hop.

images/vn888/hot/v2012/20121207-143348-1-benh-phu-khoa.jpeg

Hinh minh hoa

3. Bieu hien cua benh phu khoa khac

- Khi hu trong (dich trong, trang, nhay dinh, co khi loang nhu nuoc, khong hoi): dau hieu cua u xo tu cung, polyp co tu cung, lo tuyen co tu cung, qua san noi mac tu cung do cuong Estrogen.

- Khi hu vang, dich trong, trang, loang, co vang nhu sua : dau hieu roi loan tam ly, roi loan than kinh thuc vat.

- Khi hu lan mau, ra mau bat thuong: dau hieu cua ung thu tu cung.

Bien phap khac phuc

Khi co nhung bieu hien ra khi hu bat thuong, chi em nen di kham phu khoa de duoc phat hien va dieu tri kip thoi. Can chu y ve sinh sach se , tuy nhien rua ve sinh ben ngoai chi co tac dung phong chu khong co tac dung dieu tri viem nhiem.Cac phuong phap dieu tri tay y hien nay thuong kho dieu tri dut diem benh phu khoa do nhung tac dung khong mong muon khi dung thuoc tay, hay do cau tao mo cua bo phan sinh duc nu.

Sau nhieu nam nghien cuu, cac nha khoa bao che thanh cong Nu Vuong new, mang den mot giai phap an toan va hieu qua giup chi em phu nu cham dut hoan toan noi lo doi voi cac benh phu khoa. Nu Vuong new la su ket hop hoan hao giua Dong va Tay Y dem lai hieu qua dieu tri dang kinh ngac chi sau 3-6 thang su dung ma khong can den cac bien phap diet tuyen, su dung khang sinh.

Viet Bao.vn (Theo Eva)

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