10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda

Thứ hai, 07 Tháng sáu 2010, 13:02 GMT+7

– Trai qua 90 nam thang tram, hang xe xu so hoa anh dao Mazda da cong hien cho doi nhieu mau xe an tuong, da dang kieu dang va kich co.

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Hang xe ten tuoi Mazda duoc xay dung va phat trien tu mot cong ty nho chuyen che tao cac thiet bi may moc ten la Toyo Cork Kogyo do Jujiro Matsuda (1875-1952) thanh lap nam 1920 tai thanh pho Hiroshima, Nhat Ban. Nam 1929, cong ty san xuat dong co oto dau tien va den nam 1931 xuat khau 30 chiec xe cho hang 3 banh toi thi truong Trung Quoc.

Nam 1934, nham vinh danh dong ho gia dinh va to long kinh phuc toi vi than lua uyen bac “Ahura Mazda”, Matsuda da doi ten cong ty thanh Mazda. Nam 1940, Mazda san xuat nhung chiec sedan dau tien nhung phai ngung lai do chien tranh the gioi lan thu 2. Thang 8/1945, My nem bom nguyen tu pha huy toan bo thanh pho Hiroshima, trong do co Mazda.


Sau 15 nam bi xoa so, nam 1959, cong ty Mazda duoc tai sinh. Tu do den nay, hang xe co logo hinh chu M dang bay giong nhu doi canh da ben bi cho ra doi nhieu co xe xuat sac, duoc ua chuong manh.

Hay cung kham pha nhung mau xe co y nghia nhat trong lich su Mazda:

1. Mazda-Go Type-DA 1931

Khong giong bat cu hang xe Nhat nao, “cu to” cua xe hoi Mazda lai la chiec xe 3 banh cho hang Mazda-Go Type-DA “xai” dong co cong ty tu san xuat, su dung mot hop so lui, bo vi sai phia sau va mot so bo phan khac “cay nha la vuon”. Nhung an tuong nhat la dac tinh linh hoat, ben chac va do tin cay cao, van phat huy o cac phien ban sau do Type-KC va Type-DC.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda
Tam quan trong: neu nhu khong co thanh cong tuc thi cua Mazda-Go Type-DA, hoat dong kinh doanh xe hoi cua Mazda kho co the dien ra. Su ra doi cua Mazda-Go cung co vi tri then chot trong lich su xe 3 banh Nhat Ban.

2. 1960 Mazda R360

Ngay 28/5/1960 danh dau mot chuong moi cho hang xe xu so mat troi moc Mazda voi su trinh dien mau oto thuong mai dau tien, R360. Mau coupe 2 cua 2 cho nhanh chong thu hut khach hang nho cac cong nghe che tao tien tien va dac biet muc gia “mem”: chi 300.000 yen (tuong duong 3000 USD thoi do) cho ban trang bi hop so san va 320.000 yen cho ban trang bi bo bien doi mo-men.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda

Truoc khi chinh thuc co mat tren thi truong, R360 da nhan duoc hang ngan don dat hang. Moi thang tieu thu trung binh 2000 chiec, den cuoi nam 1960, mau xe chiem toi 64,8% thi phan xe co nho trong nuoc.

Tam quan trong: la chiec xe co nho dau tien o Nhat ban trang bi dong co 4 ky va bo bien doi mo-men. Cung la “anh chang” 4 banh nhe nhat o Nhat (trong luong 380 kg) nho su dung phan lon vat lieu nhom. Thiet ke doc dao, chat luong dang tin cay va hieu suat nhien lieu xuat sac da giup mau oto dau tien cua Mazda thanh cong lon.

3. 1964 Mazda Familia

Trinh lang vao thang 9/1963, model dau tien trong dong Familia cua Mazda la mau xe van ten goi Familia Van. Trang bi dong co nhom dot trong 4 xylanh 782 cc, lam mat bang nuoc, mau xe so huu dien mao an tuong, tinh nang van hanh dang chu y va tinh tien dung cao. Chi trong 4 thang dau tien, Familia Van da nhanh chong dan dau doanh so tieu thu o phan khuc xe van (chiem 44% thi phan).


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda

Thang 10/1964, phien ban sedan gia nhap dong Familia, tiep do la ban wagon, ban 2 cua va xe tai. Tu thoi diem do, series Familia da dat doanh so san xuat ky luc hon 10.000 xe – mot con so khong lo doi voi hang xe van con trong giai doan “moc long moc canh”. Ngung san xuat den nam 2007, Familia la mot trong nhung nhan xe lau doi nhat va ban chay nhat cua Mazda.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda

Tam quan trong: mau xe duoc ua chuong trong hon 4 thap nien.


4. 1967 Mazda Cosmo Sport/110S

Nhieu nguoi nham tuong dong co xoay Wankel (rotary engine), mot loai dong co pit tong tron do tien si Duc Felix Wanke (1902-1988) sang che duoc ung dung dau tien tren dong xe the thao RX8 cua Mazda. Nhung thuc te lai la “anh chang” 2 cua co hinh dang giong con tau vu tru, Mazda 110S hay con co ten Cosmo Sport. Duoc gioi thieu vao ngay 30/5/1967, 110S trang bi dong co twin-rotor cong suat 110 ma luc, co thiet ke dai va goc canh. Khong gian cabin nho, co phan tu tung.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda
Tu nam 1967 toi 1972, Mazda 110S chi duoc xuat xuong dung 30 chiec/ 1 thang. Tu khi trinh lang toi nam 1970, mau xe chi co dung mau trang.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda
Tam quan trong: la model thuong mai dau tien tren the gioi trang bi dong co rotary Wankel.

5. 1970 Mazda Capella/RX-2

The he Capella dau tien (o My ten goi RX-2) la mau xe the thao 2 cua hoac 4 cua, van hanh tu dong co rotary kep 12A hoac mo-to chuyen dong 1600 cc. Lay cam hung thiet ke tu may bay chien dau, Capella mang voc dang day dan, bong bay va duoc phat trien voi hieu suat toi da. Mau xe mang biet danh “Con gio” nay tung ra the he thu hai vao nam 1974.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda
The he thu ba cai thien dang ke he so can xuong muc 0,38 Cd nho thiet ke mui xe co do doc lon. The he thu 4 tan cong thi truong nam 1982 lai “xai” dong co dat truoc va he dan dong cau truoc. 5 nam sau do, the he thu 5 ra doi la model dau tien tren the gioi su dung he thong lai 4 banh dieu khien dien. Tai thi truong My, the he thu 5 mang ten MX-6 la mau xe dau tien san xuat tai nha may Mazda Motor Manufacturing USA ngu o Michigan.


Tam quan trong: la mau xe the thao, cong nghe tan tien noi troi trong gia dinh Mazda va la model dau tien cua Mazda len day chuyen san xuat tren dat My.


6. 1971 Mazda Savanna/RX-3

Mang ten con tau chay bang hoi nuoc dau tien cua the gioi, Mazda Savanna la mau xe thu hai su dung dong co roatary (sau Cosmo). Tan cong thi truong nam 1971 voi dong co rotary 10A, den nam 1972, Savanna phat trien dong co 12A moi. Dong co nay da giup cho mau xe gianh chien thang trong cac cuoc dua xe Nhat Ban Touring Car Championship, tham chi co lan danh bai ca Nissan Skyline GT-R.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda

The he dau tien cua Savanna ban tren thi truong toan cau voi ten goi Mazda RX-3 tu nam 1971 den nam 1977.

Tam quan trong: la model thu hai cua Mazda su dung dong co rotary va la model dung manh tren duong dua.

7. 1978 Mazda Savanna/RX-7

Ben canh Miata MX-5, the he thu 2 cua Savanna con co ten goi RX-7 la mau Mazda duoc ua chuong nhat. La doi thu canh tranh nang ky cua Porsche 911 va Nissan 240 Z, mau xe luon co mat trong danh sach binh chon xe tot nhat cua cac tap chi xe hoi uy tin va da gianh hon 100 chien thang o giai dua xe My International Motor Sports Association (IMSA).


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda
Su dung dong co rotary, he dan dong cau sau, mau xe hut khach voi thiet ke ngoai that sac net, suc manh va toc do cu phach, tinh nang lai thu vi. San xuat den nam 2002, RX-7 dat doanh so tong cong hon 811.000 chiec.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda

Tam quan trong: mot mau Mazda bieu trung cho suc manh va toc do.


8. 1989 Mazda MX-5/Miata

Noi tieng voi nhieu ten goi nhu Miata, Mazda Roadster hay Eunos Roadster, xe mui tran Mazda MX-5 da tro thanh mot bieu tuong cua hang xe xu so anh dao va la mot huyen thoai o phan khuc xe the thao co nho. Ngay tu khi ra doi, Miata da tro thanh mot hien tuong o dong xe mui tran boi kieu dang 2 cho nho gon, quyen ru, cong nghe hien dai, gia ca phai chang.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda

Thang 5 nam 2000, sach ky luc the gioi Guinsess World Records da chung nhan Miata la model the thao mui tran ban chay nhat the gioi voi doanh so tieu thu trong 10 nam (tu thang 4/1989 den thang 10/1999) dat 531.890 xe. Cho den nam 2007, con so tieu thu da vuot muc 800.000 va tiep tuc tang truong den ngay nay. Hien mau Miata ban tren thi truong la the he thu ba.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda
Tam quan trong: co the coi day la dai dien xuat sac nhat the gioi o phan khuc xe the thao gia duoi 25.000 USD.


9. 1991 Mazda Anfiri RX-7


Sau 6 nam gioi thieu the he thu hai cua RX-7, Mazda tung ra the he thu ba vao thang 10/1991. “Trai tim” cua the he moi la dong co twin-rotor Type 13B cong suat cuc dai 250 ma luc. Nhung duong cong khoe khoan cung tinh nang dam tinh dong luc hoc cua mau xe the thao da nhan su hoan nghenh lon cua gioi truyen thong va nguoi tieu dung. Thoi diem do RX-7 duoc danh gia la mau xe the thao nguyen chat nhat tren the gioi.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda

Tam quan trong: la the he co tinh nang van hanh manh nhat, tinh nang lai xuat sac nhat va de nhan biet nhat cua dong RX-7.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda

10. 1996 Mazda2/Demio

Truoc khi dinh dam tren thi truong o phan khuc hatchback co nho, Mazda2 nguyen ban ra doi nam 1996 lai la mau wagon co nho. Den tan nam 2002, the he thu hai moi “lot xac” voi thiet ke cach tan.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda
So voi the he truoc, the he thu hai co kich co cac chieu lon hon, gom 3 phien ban: Cozy, Sport va Casual. Cung cap mot noi that tien dung va khoang dat, moi phien ban mang den mau sac va thiet ke vo-lang khac biet. Doi tuong khach hang Mazda2 huong den chu yeu la gioi nu.


5 nam sau, the he moi ra lo cung voi su hop tac cua cong ty Ford nuoc My. Platform cung nhu hinh thuc xe hoan toan duoc lam moi. Dong co xe cung nhan nang cap nhe. Ngay nay, Mazda2 van la mot trong nhung mau xe an khach nhat cua Mazda.

Tam quan trong: mau xe thanh cong cua Mazda trong phan khuc xe co nho.


Mazda ra phien ban dac biet mung sinh nhat thu 90 Nha san xuat xe hoi Nhat Ban Mazda vua cho ra phien ban Biante Limited Edition 20S NAVI SPECIALChao mung ky niem sinh nhat thu 90.

Tong so xe dong MPV nay chi gioi han 400 chiec va duoc trang bi dinh vi toan cau HDD va tinh nang do xe tu dong. Do la nhung thong tin duoc Mazda Motor Corporation cong bo cuoi thang 5 vua roi.


10 mau xe co tam anh huong nhat lich su Mazda
Phien ban Biante Limited Edition 20S NAVI SPECIAL cua Mazda


Gia Biante Navi Special re hon phien ban tieu chuan khoang 73.500 Yen Nhat (khoang 15.000.000 dong).

Dac biet doi voi Bianto la chuyen dong cua cac banh xe phia truoc duoc Mazda trang bi tinh nang i-stop tat dong co khi dung xe, tieu thu 2,0 lit xang voi dong co phun xang truc tiep. Cung voi tinh nang nay, Biante xe phien ban dac biet co du dieu kien duoc nhan uu dai giam thue den 75% cua Chinh phu Nhat Ban.

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