Tu thi truong bat dong san nghi ve nguoi giau Viet Nam

Thứ sáu, 24 Tháng năm 2013, 08:29 GMT+7

Gan 1/3 nguoi giau o Viet Nam hoan toan tu bat dong san.

Tu thi truong bat dong san nghi ve nguoi giau Viet Nam
So lieu thong ke cua 30 nguoi giau nhat Viet Nam tren san chung khoan co tren 26% tu dat dai.

Khi viet cuon “Ai la nguoi giau nhat Viet Nam?”, toi co mot thuan loi la hau het nhung nguoi giau o nuoc minh deu coi toi nhu ban be vi ho tai tro cho cac cuoc thi lon do bao Tien Phong to chuc, trong do co cuoc thi hoa hau.

Chinh nho thuan loi nay nen toi co dieu kien hieu sau hon ve ho. Ngoai chan dung nhung nguoi lam an phat dat, toi da danh nhieu thoi gian de tim hieu ve cach thuc lam an, tim hieu xem ho lam giau tu dau? Toi cung tim hieu them ve cac ty phu, nhung nguoi sieu giau tren the gioi de tu do so sanh o Viet Nam ta lam an co khac voi ho khong?

Giau nhanh, sa sut cung nhanh

Nhieu du bao cua toi cung nhu cac chuyen gia qua cac bai viet ve nguoi giau Viet Nam, nhat la ve bat dong san xem ra la dung voi hien nay!

Tuy nhien, o xu ta, cau tra loi that chinh xac ve nguyen nhan lam giau cua ho, ho lam giau tu dau la rat kho.

Boi nhieu nguoi giau khong len san, ca nhung nguoi da len san chung khoan cung luon co su bien doi, luon co su chuyen doi tu linh vuc nay qua linh vuc khac, kho xac minh. Do la chua ke su thieu minh bach von dang ton tai dai dang o nuoc ta ma cong luan dang len tieng.

Ngay ca cac thu da cong khai, cac so lieu, cac loai thong tin, ca thong tin chinh thong nhieu khi cung chi dung mot phan.

So lieu thong ke cua 30 nguoi giau nhat Viet Nam tren san chung khoan co tren 26% tu dat dai.

Nhu vay, gan 1/3 nguoi giau o Viet Nam hoan toan tu bat dong san. Do la chua tinh nhung nguoi co mot phan, hay mot nua tu dat dai. Neu tinh chuan, tinh het, co the noi hai phan ba nguoi giau o nuoc ta la tu dat, tu “ong than tho dia” mot thoi bi lang quen.

Ty nhu ong Pham Nhat Vuong, nguoi Viet Nam duy nhat hien nay duoc tap chi danh tieng Forbes dua vao danh sach ty phu tren the gioi voi tai san 1,5 ty USD (dung thu 974). Ong Vuong khoi nguon tu san xuat thuc pham an nhanh va dat dai o xu nguoi. Nhung, khi tro ve Viet Nam, ong dau tu chu yeu vao bat dong san.

Hay ong Doan Nguyen Duc, khoi nguon tu san xuat, che bien go, nhung cuoi cung, van la bat dong san.

So di nam qua co nhieu dai gia giam tai san (tren san) den may chuc phan tram cung la do thi truong bat dong san dong bang, ha gia rat nhieu van it nguoi mua. Day la linh vuc giau len rat nhanh, cung la linh vuc sa sut nhanh, tham chi co nhieu nguoi bi pha san, roi vao canh no nan...

Nhu toi da nhieu lan noi den, suot mot thoi gian dai, do chien tranh, do co che quan lieu bao cap, do triet ly “kinh te tieu nong hang ngay hang gio de ra chu nghia tu ban...”, ma mot thoi ta coi tu ban nhu ke thu, nen an com tap the, o nha lap ghep tap the do nha nuoc phan phoi, dat dai la cua hop tac, dan dan trong tu duy cua nguoi dan, dat dai chang de lam gi...

Cho den khi cong cuoc doi moi bat dau, cong nhan tu huu, chu truong kinh te nhieu thanh phan (chu khong phai chi co mot thanh phan la tap the, la cong huu ve tu lieu san xuat).

Lam giau mot cach ben vung

Do la thoi diem vao cuoi nhung nam 80, dau nhung nam 90 cua the ky truoc, khi ma hang trieu nguoi con ngo ngac truoc mot co che moi ma ta goi la “co che thi truong”, hau nhu tat ca dang o tren nhung can ho tap the nhieu tang voi cac day “chuong cop”, chua kip nhin xuong dat, chua kip nho toi viec ngan doi nay ong cha ta thuong noi ve mot “manh dat cam dui” ma nhieu nam qua khong ai dam noi den...

Chinh vao thoi diem do mot so nguoi co dau oc nhay ben, co mot it tien tich luy duoc (nhieu nguoi tich luy tu nuoc ngoai) lien nghi toi dat dai. Mua dat, mua nha, lap ao, san vuon... voi gia rat re, con re nhu cho.

Tiep den la bien nhung khu dat “vang” o trung tam thanh pho ma truoc do la khuon vien nha may, xi nghiep, hay cac chung cu cu nat... thanh khach san sieu thi, thanh cac toa nha hien dai de cho cac cong ty nuoc ngoai, hay tap doan trong nuoc thue, hoac ban dut cho cac ngan hang, cac co so kinh doanh...

Phai noi rang nhieu nguoi giau o ta lam an chinh dang, ke ca ho lam giau tu dat dai, tu bat dong san. Nhung, cung co khong it nguoi nhu bao chi da dua tin, ho thieu trung thuc, ho luon leo, ma manh tham chi lua dao trong lam an, dung nhieu thu doan bat chinh ma cong luan da len tieng phan ung.

Khi co chu truong cho phan lo, ban nen, cac nha dau tu bat dong san lien o at xay nha o, xay chung cu cao cap, vi chi can dau tu ban dau, chi can san, lap duoc cai nen va co ban ve “Khu nha tuong lai” la nguoi ta do xo nhau mua.

Mua khong phai de o ma de dau co vi ai cung nghi rang “nguoi thi ngay cang de them nhung dat dai van vay...”. Dan den tinh trang gia dat, gia nha doi len cao vun vut...

Boi vay, khi thi truong bat dong san dong bang, nhieu biet thu noi nhu mot so bai bao la “biet thu trieu do cho... chuot o”.

Lam an tu cac du an “nuot dan” kho ben vung

Ngoai nhieu du an cua nhieu chu dau tu lam an chinh dang, cung khong it du an tieu cuc. Do “co che” ve dat dai o nuoc ta con rat nhieu ke ho, nen da xuat hien nhieu du an ma bao chi goi la “du an nuot dat cua dan”, tuc la bien dat dai - tai san cong thanh tai san tu mot cach “hop phap”.

Do la nhung nguoi biet chop “thoi co” khi dat dai con re, con san, con xin cho... de kiem loi. Nhung, cai gi cung vay, da co thoi co thi at co luc mat thoi co. Thoi co khong vinh vien ton tai.

Va thuc te da xay ra trong nam qua khi bat dong san giam gia the tham, hay noi dung hon la da tro ve voi gia thuc nhu cac chuyen gia ve linh vuc nay phat bieu tren bao chi.

Xem ky thong ke 100 gia dinh giau nhat Viet Nam thi thay: ho giau len tu bat dong san la chu yeu.

Thu hai la tu tai chinh, ngan hang.

Thu ba la khai thac, che bien khoang san, hai san...

Thu tu la dich vu.

Cuoi cung moi la thong tin, truyen thong.

Ta thu nhin rong ra the gioi ngay nay xem nhung nguoi giau, sieu giau tu dau?

Tai Dien dan Kinh te The gioi to chuc o Davos (Thuy Sy) thang 1/2012, khi nguoi ta thong ke nhung nguoi sieu giau va xem ho lam giau tu dau thi thay cong nghe va vien thong la dau tien.

Do la nganh lam giau lon nhat cua nhung nguoi sieu giau tren the gioi.

Thu hai la khai thac tai nguyen thien nhien.

Thu ba la buon ban (ban le).

Thu tu la nganh tai chinh, dau tu.

It co nhung nguoi sieu giau tu bat dong san.

Dieu nay khien ta suy nghi hay khong? Nhung nguoi giau tren the gioi ngay nay luon gan voi nhung san pham noi tieng (may bay, tau thuy, cac loai xe oto, cac loai may tinh, dien thoai di dong...) gan voi khoa hoc, voi cong nghe tien tien.

Ho lam giau chu yeu tu chat xam. Dung ra la biet phat huy chat xam cua nhung nguoi tai. Ta hay lay vi du nguoi giau nhat nuoc My, ty phu Bill Gates. San pham cua ong la hang may tinh noi tieng Microsoft.

Con nguoi giau nhat Han Quoc la ong chu cua hang Samsung, ong Lee Kun Hee. Ten tuoi cua Samsung gan voi cac loai tivi, may tinh, may dieu hoa nhiet do, dien thoai di dong noi tieng.

Tu do noi len dieu gi? Noi len dieu ma bao chi van noi: ho lam giau ben vung.

Muon co su phat trien ben vung cua nen kinh te nuoc nha, phai chang chung ta can mot doi ngu doanh nhan, mot tang lop nguoi giau phat trien dung quy luat, phat trien ben vung, khong chi dua vao dat dai, hay tai nguyen thien nhien ma phai huy dong duoc noi luc, duoc chat xam cua con nguoi - chat xam cua con nguoi Viet Nam von thong minh, can cu, chiu kho... de lam nen nhung san pham tri tue, nhung san pham tu chat xam cua the gioi ngay nay.

Vietbao.vn (Theo VNeconomy)

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TIN KINH TE NOI BAT:                                                                                       


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