Xay nha luc nay re duoc 30

Thứ hai, 02 Tháng ba 2009, 09:45 GMT+7



Khach hang mua xi mang tai mot cua hang o TP.HCM

Hau het cac loai vat lieu xay dung deu dang giam gia kha manh. Gia vang cao, lai suat ngan hang thap... cung la co hoi tot cho nguoi can xay, sua nha.

Theo nhan dinh tu gioi chuyen mon, voi cac gia dinh co dieu kien kinh te kha, day la thoi diem tot de tien hanh xay, sua nha. Ly do la gia vat lieu xay dung (VLXD) hien da giam kha manh, suc tieu thu cham nen hang nhieu, nguoi xay nha tha ho lua chon. Tien cong xay dung cung giam.

Vat lieu xay dung dua nhau giam gia

Nhieu don vi san xuat VLXD than do suc mua yeu nen ho phai lien tuc dieu chinh giam gia de kich cau, tham chi co thoi diem phai ban duoi gia thanh.

Theo cac don vi san xuat thep xay dung, gia phoi thep tren thi truong the gioi hien chi con 380 USD- 400 USD/tan (giam 40 USD/tan so voi thang truoc). Cac nha may thep ban ra tu 10,5 trieu- 11 trieu dong/tan. Neu tinh theo gia nguyen lieu moi thi cac don vi san xuat thep dang co lai.

Tuy nhien, tren thuc te, nhieu doanh nghiep van con phai chiu lo do van con luong phoi thep ton kha lon voi muc gia nhap luc con cao, tren 800 USD/tan, tinh ra gia thanh len den 17 trieu dong/tan thep, lo 4 trieu- 5 trieu dong/tan. Vi vay, gia ban thep xay dung hien nay kha thuan loi cho nguoi xay nha.

Tuong tu, mat hang gach ong xay dung trong nam 2008 da am tham tang gia gan 100% thi nay cung da giam gia manh.

Chang han, loai gach ong cua Cong ty Gach ngoi Dong Nai, truoc day co luc gia len den 1.700 dong- 1.800 dong/vien, nay giam con 1.300 dong/vien. Gach chat luong tot cung giam con 650 dong- 800 dong/vien, gach loai thuong con 450 dong/vien... Mat hang xi mang sau thoi ky “sot” gia, hiem hang thi nay cung lien tuc giam hang chuc ngan dong/bao. Hien gia xi mang Ha Tien 1 con 67.000 dong/bao, Holcim 66.000 dong/bao, Fico 64.000 dong/bao... Do suc tieu thu kem nen khong chi giam gia, cac hang xi mang con dua nhau khuyen mai, khach mua 100 bao duoc tang them tu 2 - 3 bao, tuy don vi.

Mat hang gach trang tri, lot nen, cac loai thiet bi ve sinh cung da giam gia ban tu 5%- 15%, tuy loai. Nhieu nguoi ban VLXD cho biet: Hien suc tieu thu co nhich len nhung so voi thoi diem cung ky nam ngoai van con giam tu 30%- 40%.

Thoi diem thich hop

Cac cong ty xay dung tai TP.HCM cho biet do gia VLXD giam manh nen gia xay dung cung duoc dieu chinh giam theo. Muc giam binh quan khoang 30%, tham chi co noi giam den 40%- 50%. Gia thi cong xay dung (bao tron goi- gom ca vat tu) hien nay da giam khoang 30%, con khoang 3,5 trieu dong/m2. Trong do rieng phan xay dung mai be tong hoac mai ngoi giam 50%, mai ton giam 70%.

Kien truc su Nguyen Van Chau, Giam doc Cong ty TNHH Tu van- Thiet ke Kien truc xay dung Ti le vang, cho biet: Chu nha co the chon mot trong hai cach thi cong: giao tron goi cho nha thau hoac giao tung phan. Tuy theo nang luc quan ly, neu chu nha khong co kha nang quan ly tot thi nen giao phan vat tu cho nha thau. Chu nha chi nen giu lai phan tham my nhu he thong bep, thiet bi ve sinh, den trang tri, hon non bo, cay xanh... Gia xay dung bao den phan son nuoc, he thong chieu sang, he thong nuoc, he thong cua tu 3 trieu- 3,3 trieu dong/m2. Gia xay dung bao den phan to (chua son nuoc) hien con khoang 2,5 trieu dong/m2.

Tuy nhien, qua tim hieu cua chung toi, hien cung co kha nhieu cong ty xay dung chao gia bao tron goi chi tu 2,2 trieu- 2,7 trieu dong/m2. Tham chi chu nha co the tra gia 2 trieu dong/m2 cung co cong ty nhan thi cong.

Song, theo gioi chuyen mon, voi muc gia tren se kho co kha nang bao dam chat luong vi thuoc gia “hang cho”. De giam gia thanh den muc thap nhat, nha thau se giam toi da VLXD (phan thep se bi giam so cay, kich co; su dung xi mang khong dung mac, ti le pha tron khong dung ky thuat cung nhu su dung loai gach re tien hon...).

Cung theo gioi chuyen mon, hien cac cong trinh lon chua chuyen dong nhieu nhung thi truong xay dung nho, le bat dau phat trien kha tot do nhieu nguoi dang tranh thu co hoi de xay, suanha vi day la thoi diem hoi tu nhieu yeu to.

Ngoai gia xay dung giam manh, gia vang tang cao cung la yeu to co loi cho nguoi xay nha (neu khoan tien tiet kiem de xay nha la vang). Lai suat ngan hang dang duoc dieu chinh giam manh, cung thuan loi cho viec vay tien de xay, sua nha.

Nen co thiet ke chi tiet

Gioi chuyen mon xay dung luu y: Khi xay nha nen chon mot don vi ve thiet ke de thuan loi trong qua trinh theo doi thi cong. Chi phi thiet ke chi chiem khoang 3% gia tri xay dung can nha.

Trong ban ve thiet ke se co day du cac hang muc cong trinh: lop cau tao, vat lieu, do doc, chong tham, he thong dien, nuoc nhu the nao deu duoc thiet ke ti mi tung chi tiet. Chu nha chi can theo doi tren ban ve theo tung tien do thi cong se biet duoc giai doan nao thi cong phan nao, trong do se biet duoc su dung bao nhieu sat thep, kich co thep, xi mang, cat da... Tren ban ve cung the hien tuong doi chinh xac ve du toan gia thanh xay dung.

Chang han, voi so luong sat thep, xi mang, cat da, gach can su dung, moi chung loai deu co gia cu the, tu do tinh duoc gia thanh xay dung. Can cu voi muc gia tren, chu nha co the dam phan voi nha thau de co muc gia xay dung tot nhat.



(theo Nguoi lao dong)



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