Thi truong bat dong san Day khung hoang

Thứ hai, 24 Tháng chín 2012, 09:08 GMT+7

Voi su sut giam manh ve gia ca va giao dich trong mot thoi gian dai, thi truong BDS dang duoc cho la o day khung hoang.

Muon thi truong \'am\', gia BDS phai giam nua
\'Bom\' ton kho, chu BDS om den bao gio?
Bom tien cho BDS: Loay hoay nen rot hay khong
Chu dau tu BDS lua nhan vien di ban hang... cat lo
BDS loay hoay tren dinh nui... ton kho

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Sau mot thoi gian dai thi truong bat dong san (BDS) phat trien lech lac, khong dua tren can doi cung cau va qua phu thuoc vao nguon von ngan hang cong voi dong thai siet tin dung cua Ngan hang Nha nuoc, gan 3 nam qua, thi truong roi vao trang thai tram lang o hau het phan khuc, dac biet la can ho.

So luong hang ton kho tang cao den muc bao dong. Hien mot so doanh nghiep (DN) BDS co ty le hang ton kho tren tong tai san len den 70% 90%. Voi su sut giam manh ve gia ca va giao dich trong mot thoi gian dai, thi truong BDS dang duoc cho la o day khung hoang.

Ton kho hon 3 ty USD

Theo ket qua kinh doanh 6 thang dau nam 2012 ma cac DN BDS niem yet vua cong bo, tinh hinh kinh doanh cua cac DN gap rat nhieu kho khan, dac biet la hang ton kho tang manh. Gia tri hang ton kho tinh den cuoi quy 2-2012 cua khoang 70 DN BDS len den 72.405 ty dong, khoang 3,1 ty USD.

Trong so do co gan 20 DN co gia tri hang ton kho tren 1.000 ty dong. Cu the, theo bao cao tai chinh cua Cong ty Van Phat Hung, bang can doi ke toan va bao cao ket qua kinh doanh cho thay, so du hang ton kho cuoi quy 2-2012 cua cong ty nay la 1.329,53 ty dong.

Tuong tu, bao cao tai chinh cua Cong ty Quoc Cuong Gia Lai, tinh den thang 6-2012 cong ty nay co luong hang ton co gia tri len den 2.846 ty dong. Cong ty BDS Sacomreal ton kho co gia tri hon 2.700 ty dong. Cong ty co phan Dau tu Kinh doanh nha - ITC co hang ton kho tri gia hon 1.813 ty dong, Cong ty BDS Phat Dat ton kho voi gia tri tren 4.400 ty dong... So luong hang ton kho tren chiem tu 70% - 90% tong tai san DN.

Bao cao tai chinh cua cac DN BDS cho thay, 6 cong ty lon nhat cua thi truong hien nam giu 69,4% luong tien mat, cac DN con lai nam giu rat it. Hien tong luong tien mat cuoi quy 2-2012 khong du de thuc hien chi tra cho khoan chi phi gom lai vay, thanh toan cho nha thau va cac khoan khac. Dieu nay cho thay phan lon DN khong con tien mat de hoat dong. Doi mat voi nhung ap luc hang khong ban duoc, no vay phai chiu ap luc lai suat vay rat lon nen cac DN buoc phai ban thao can ho de giam ap luc tai chinh.

gioi thieu
Thi truong bat dong san: Day khung hoang?


Do cung la ly do cac DN o at bung hang trong “thang co hon” - thang ma cac nha dau tu luon kieng cu. Cu the, vao giua thang 7 am lich, du an Carina Plaza (quan 8) tung ra hon 150 can ho voi gia giam 20% so voi gia goc chu dau tu dua ra vao dau nam, tu 15,5 trieu dong xuong con 13,2 trieu dong/m2. Du an Khang Gia (quan Go Vap) cung dua ra thi truong 321 can trong thang 7 am lich voi gia can ho hoan thien chi khoang 11,2 trieu dong/m2. Du an Hong Anh Riverview (quan 2) cung duoc tung ra voi gia “soc” giam 30% - 40% so voi gia ban ban dau, tu 24 trieu dong/m2 xuong con 18,5 trieu dong/m2… Co du an con chiet khau tu 200 - 400 trieu dong/can ho tuy theo dien tich neu tra mot lan.

Khong chi ban thao ma thoi gian qua, thi truong con chung kien tinh trang gom hang so luong lon cua mot so dai gia BDS. Cuoi thang 8, Cong ty co phan Dau tu va phat trien BDS An Gia da ban het mot lo du an Khang Gia. Tap doan Dat Xanh mua si 2 lo du an Sun View 3 de phan phoi lai. Truoc do, Cong ty co phan Dich vu Nhip Cau Dia Oc mua si 150 can ho Carina Plaza de ban le voi muc gia 13,2 trieu dong/m²… Giam doc mot DN BDS cho biet, thi truong dang canh tranh khoc liet, khong it DN co nguy co mat 70% - 80% tai san va tham chi mat trang.

Theo vi giam doc nay, trong cac vu gom hang cua cac dai gia BDS thoi gian qua, mot tap doan da mua lai mot khu dat co gia thi truong khoang 150 ty dong cua mot DN va chi tra lai cho DN do 3 can ho tai mot du an cua tap doan nay nam tai trung tam quan 3 voi gia thi truong khoang 20 ty dong. “Nhu vay, DN da mat 70% tai san, do la chua ke neu tap doan co menh he gi, DN kia coi nhu mat trang” - vi giam doc nay noi.

Giai phap can ho dien tich nho

Nhieu nguoi len tieng canh bao tinh trang giam gia can ho hang loat chi cang lam thi truong can ho xau hon vi cac chu dau tu buoc phai tham gia cuoc chay dua giam gia ban nham thu hut khach hang. De giam gia ban, cac chu dau tu phai cat giam gia dau vao, trong do khong loai tru cat giam mot phan chi phi cho viec xay dung. Nhu vay, nguoi mua se nghi van ve chat luong cua nhung du an giam gia.

Ve quyen loi cua khach hang, ong Nguyen Van Duc, Pho Chu tich Hiep hoi BDS TPHCM phan tich them: Giam gia co 2 mat, truoc tien nguoi mua se duoc loi truoc mat la mua duoc nha gia re. Tuy nhien, ve sau, den khi hoan thien du an ma DN “duoi suc” nguoi mua se thiet rat lon. “Phan hoan thien cong trinh nhu he thong dien, nuoc, thang may, he thong xu ly chat thai… ton chi phi nhieu hon ca phan dau tu be tong cot thep. Luc do, DN khong co kha nang hoan thien duoc can ho, keo dai thoi gian giao nha thi nguoi mua se gap kho”, ong Nguyen Van Duc noi.

Theo cac chuyen gia, thi truong BDS dang gap 2 van de lon, do la ton kho va no xau. De cuu thi truong BDS phai giai quyet duoc 2 “can benh” nay. Tuy nhien, viec bom tien cho thi truong van chi la giai phap tam thoi, con giai phap can co la phai giai quyet hang ton kho. Va de giai quyet bai toan ve luong hang ton kho doi voi phan khuc chung cu, nhieu DN BDS mong muon co quan quan ly som dua ra quyet dinh ve can ho co dien tich nho. Thoi ky can ho tren 70m² thong linh thi truong da khong con ma nhuong cho cho cac can ho 50 - 60m². Phan khuc thi truong can ho nho, gia duoi 1 ty dong van luon “khat” hang boi le no phu hop voi doi tuong co nhu cau thuc su ve nha o.

Theo thong ke cua Bo Xay dung, tai Ha Noi va TPHCM hien dang ton khoang 60.000 can ho, trong do tai TPHCM khoang 20.000 can ho. Tuy nhien, theo Hiep hoi BDS TPHCM (HoREA), so can ho ton kho tai TPHCM phai hon con so do. Theo ong Nguyen Van Duc, Pho Chu tich HoREA, hang ton trong linh vuc BDS chu yeu thuoc ve cac DN truoc day dau tu vao cac du an can ho cao cap, phan lon la nhung can ho co dien tich lon va gia tri tren 2 ty dong.

(Theo SGGP)

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