TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi

Thứ bảy, 09 Tháng bảy 2011, 13:00 GMT+7

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi Hang xe Nhat Ban Toyota tiep tuc lot vao top 10 doanh nghiep. Tap chi Fortune cua My vua cong bo danh sach thuong nien 500 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi (Global 500). “De che” ban le Wal-Mart van dung dau bang, nhung dau lua moi la nganh cong nghiep chiem uu the tuyet doi trong top 10.

Dang chu y, Trung Quoc dong gop toi 3 cai ten trong so 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat, trong khi Nhat Ban chi co 2 cong ty lot vao nhom nay.

Duoi day la 10 cong ty dan dau Global 500 nam 2011:

1. Wal-Mart

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc

Vi tri xep hang: 1 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 1)
CEO: Michael T. Duke
So nhan vien: 2.100.000
Quoc gia: My
Doanh thu nam 2010: 421,849 ty USD (tang 3,3% so voi 2009)
Loi nhuan: 16,389 ty USD (tang 14,3% so voi 2009)
Tai san: 180,663 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: 4%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: 9,1%

Day la nam thu hai lien tuc Wal-Mart chiem ngoi dau cua danh sach 500 doanh nghiep lon nhat nuoc My (Fortune 500) va ca Global 500. Wal-Mart duoc danh gia cao o muc tieu theo duoi su phat trien doanh nghiep ben vung, nhung cung bi cho la phan biet doi xu voi nhan vien nu va dang dinh don kien lien quan toi van de nay. Kinh te My kho khan dang gay tro ngai cho Wal-Mart, voi doanh thu cac cua hang Wal-Mart tai thi truong My giam quy thu 8 lien tuc.

2. Royal Dutch Shell

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc

Vi tri xep hang: 2 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 2)
CEO: Peter R. Voser
So nhan vien: 97.000
Quoc gia: Ha Lan
Doanh thu nam 2010: 378,152 ty USD (tang 32,6%)
Loi nhuan nam 2010: 20,127 ty USD (tang 60,8%)
Tai san: 322,56 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: 5%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: 6,2%

Tu dau nam toi nay, gia co phieu cua Shell da tang 7,2%. Trong boi canh dau lua ngay cang kho tim, Shell dang thuc day linh vuc nang luong thay the, tieu bieu la vu hop tac voi cong ty xang sinh hoc Cosan cua Brazil hoi nam ngoai. Shell con dang phat trien cong nghe de xay dung nha may khi hoa long noi tren bien dau tien nham dat loi the khi tiep can cac mo dau o vung nuoc sau.

3. ExxonMobile

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc


Vi tri xep hang: 3 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 3)
CEO: Rex W. Tillerson
So nhan vien: 103.700
Quoc gia: My
Doanh thu nam 2010: 354,674 ty USD (tang 24,6%)
Loi nhuan nam 2010: 30,46 ty USD (tang 58%)
Tai san: 302,510 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: 9%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: 10,1%

2010 la mot nam nhieu bien dong tren thi truong dau lua, nhung giong nhu cac “dai gia” dau lua khac, ExxonMobile da dat thanh tich kinh doanh dang ne. Chuan bi truoc cho nhung thay doi trong tuong lai, ExxonMobile dang tang dau tu vao cac loai nang luong thay the, nhat la khi tu nhien.

4. BP

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc


Vi tri xep hang: 4 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 4)
CEO: Robert W. Dudley
So nhan vien: 79.700
Quoc gia: Anh
Doanh thu nam 2010: 308,928 ty USD (tang 25,5%)
Loi nhuan nam 2010: -3,719 ty USD (giam 122,4%)
Tai san: 272,262 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: -1%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: -1.4%

Tham hoa tran dau hoi thang 4 nam ngoai tren Vinh Mexico da nhan chim BP. Hang nay cho biet se phai huy dong 30 ty USD de khac phuc hau qua, va nhieu tai san da bi ban thao cho muc dich nay. Tuy nhien, trong thoi gian 2010-2016, BP van du dinh co toi 32 du an moi.

5. Sinopec Group

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc


Vi tri xep hang: 5 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 7)
CEO: Fu Chengyu
So nhan vien: 640.535
Quoc gia: Trung Quoc
Doanh thu nam 2010: 273,422 ty USD (tang 45,8%)
Loi nhuan: 7,629 ty USD (tang 32,5%)
Tai san: 225,388 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: 3%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: 3,4%

La hang khai thac va loc hoa dau lon nhat cua Trung Quoc, Sinopec gio da vuon len ngang tam voi cac tap doan dau khi da quoc gia khong lo. Tuy nhien, cai kho cua Sinopec so voi cac doi thu nuoc ngoai la phai chiu ap luc tu Chinh phu Trung Quoc trong van de tang giam gia xang dau trong nuoc. Mac du vay, Sinopec dang mo rong hoat dong o nuoc ngoai, voi 9 du an o nuoc ngoai ky ket trong nam 2010.

6. China National Petroleum

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc


Vi tri xep hang: 6 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 10)
CEO: Jiang Jiemin
So nhan vien: 1.674.541
Quoc gia: Trung Quoc
Doanh thu nam 2010: 240,192 ty USD (tang 45,1%)
Loi nhuan nam 2010: 14,367 ty USD (tang 39,9%)
Tai san: 399,101 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: 6%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: 3,6%

China National Petroleum tuyen bo co du kha nang tang tru luong dau lua va khi dot voi toc do du de thoa man con khat dau cua nen kinh te lon thu nhi the gioi. Mot phan suc manh cua tap doan nay xuat phat tu moi quan he tot voi chinh phu va cac cong ty da quoc gia o cac nuoc nhieu dau lua. China National Petroleum hien dang hop tac chat che voi Nga, Venezuela, Iraq va Qatar, cung nhu BP, Total va Shell.

7. State Grid

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc


Vi tri xep hang: 7 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 8)
CEO: Liu Zhenya
So nhan vien: 1.564.000
Quoc gia: Trung Quoc
Doanh thu nam 2010: 226,294 ty USD (tang 22,7%)
Loi nhuan nam 2010: 4,556 ty USD
Tai san: 315,268 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: 2%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: 1,4%

Cong ty dien luc hang dau Trung Quoc dang phat trien manh cung nhu cau tieu thu nang luong o nuoc nay. Thanh lap nam 2002, State Grid hien dang cung cap nang luong cho hon 1 ty dan tai 26 tinh cua Trung Quoc. Theo hang nghien cuu Pike Research, rieng trong quy 1/2011, State Grid da mua 70% trong tong so 17,4 trieu thiet bi do dien thong minh duoc ban tren toan cau. Day duoc xem la mot no luc lon cua cong ty nay trong viec thu thap du lieu tieu thu nang luong cua nguoi tieu dung.

8. Toyota Motor

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc


Vi tri xep hang: 8 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 5)
CEO: Akio Toyoda
So nhan vien: 317.716
Quoc gia: Nhat Ban
Doanh thu nam 2010: 221,760 ty USD (tang 8,6%)
Loi nhuan nam 2010: 4,766 ty USD (tang 111,3%)
Tai san: 359,862 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: 2%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: 1,3%

“Bao” thu hoi xe da lang xuong, nhung mot tham hoa khac lai ap xuong voi Toyota. San luong cua hang dang dien bien theo chieu huong sut manh sau vu dong dat va song than lich su o Nhat hoi thang 3 vua qua. Doanh so cua Toyota tai cac thi truong phat trien suy giam trong nam 2010, nhung voi su gia tang doanh so o cac thi truong moi noi, hang van tieu thu duoc hon 7 trieu xe, tang 71.000 xe so voi nam 2009.

9. Japan Post Holdings

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc


Vi tri xep hang: 9 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 6)
CEO: Jiro Saito
So nhan vien: 233.000
Quoc gia: Nhat Ban
Doanh thu nam 2010: 203,958 ty USD (tang 0,9%)
Loi nhuan nam 2010: 4,891 ty USD ( tang 0,9%)
Tai san: 3.535 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: 2%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: 0,1%

Lan dau Japan Post Holdings lot vao danh sach Global 500 cua Fortune la cach day 2 nam. Tap doan nay trai rong tren nhieu linh vuc gom ngan hang, bao hiem, chuyen phat thu tin… Kho khan ma Japan Post Holdings dang phai doi mat bao gom su suy giam trong khoi luong thu tin, tai khoan tiet kiem va hop dong bao hiem tai thi truong trong nuoc.

10. Chevron

TOP 10 doanh nghiep lon nhat the gioi, Tin tuc trong ngay, kinh te, doanh nghiep, toyota, doanh thu, loi nhuan, tin tuc

Vi tri xep hang: 10 (Vi tri xep hang nam 2010: 11)
CEO: John S. Watson
So nhan vien: 62.196
Quoc gia: My
Doanh thu nam 2010: 196,337 ty USD (tang 20,1%)
Loi nhuan nam 2010: 19,024 ty USD (tang 81,5%)
Tai san: 184,769 ty USD
Ty suat loi nhuan tren doanh thu: 10%
Ty suat loi nhuan tren tai san: 10,3%

Nam nay, Chevron co ke hoach thu hep hoat dong o mang loc hoa dau de tap trung hon vao viec khai thac. Hang dang co trong tay mot luong tien mat doi dao, o muc 5,3 ty USD vao cuoi quy 1/2011. Hoi dau nam nay, Chevron mua lai hang nang luong Atlas Energy de tiep can voi cac tai san khi dot cua hang nay o khu vuc Dong Bac nuoc My. Hang cung ky vong se duoc phep tang cuong khai thac dau tren Vinh Mexico trong thoi gian toi.

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Theo An Huy (VnEconomy)

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