Rui ro nhan von gop bang giay

Thứ tư, 02 Tháng năm 2012, 15:18 GMT+7

Neu khong thuc hien day du, nghiem tuc cac quy dinh phap luat lien quan den gop von bang tai san, cac cong ty co nguy co nhan von gop bang “giay”.

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 >>>> Gop von bang tai san de thanh lap doanh nghiep?

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Anh Tran Ba Thanh (quan Cau Giay, Ha Noi) cho biet, dang du dinh thanh lap mot cong ty tu van xay dung voi hai nguoi ban. Khi ban den viec gop von, mot nguoi ban de nghi duoc gop von bang tai san la can nha 5 tang co dien tich 70 m2 o vi tri kha thuan loi de dat tru so cong ty. Tinh so qua gia tri can nha thi phan von gop nay khong phai nho, khi von dieu le cong ty du kien chi khoang 10 ty dong. Tuy nhien, khi nguoi ban dua giay to can nha thi anh Thanh thay can nha khong dung ten nguoi ban.

Mot van phong luat su tu van cho biet, truong hop nay co nguy co nhan giay lon lam von gop, boi khi can nha do chua la tai san cua nguoi gop von thi thuc chat cong ty khong thu duoc loi ich gi.

Theo luat su Tran Minh Hai, Giam doc Cong ty Luat Chung khoan - Ngan hang - Dau tu (Basico), day khong phai truong hop ca biet, tren thuc te, khi gop von bang bat dong san, ban quyen sang che, thuong hieu uy tin... da xay ra nhieu tinh huong khien von gop tro thanh vo gia tri. Chang han nhu truong hop CTCP Duoc pham Vien Dong (DVD), truoc khi Tong giam doc bi ket toi thao tung gia chung khoan thi day la thuong hieu manh, the hien o gia tri von hoa va doanh so ban hang. Neu DVD gop von bang thuong hieu vao cac doanh nghiep khac, thi den nay, so von do coi nhu bang khong, boi Cong ty da cham dut hoat dong.

Cung co truong hop, hai ben hop tac de lap cong ty thu ba, trong do mot ben bo tien va nham toi dat thue cua Nha nuoc cua ben kia, manh dat thuong la o vi tri dac dia, co gia tri lon, voi du dinh sau khi thanh lap cong ty thu ba, ben co dat thue tra lai Nha nuoc va cong ty thu ba do se lam thu tuc de thue dat. Ben co dat se duoc ghi nhan von gop kha lon 30 - 40%. Tuy nhien, thuc te, nhieu truong hop khong nhu y muon da xay ra khi cong ty moi thanh lap khong the thue duoc dat cua Nha nuoc, hoac ben co dat khong the tra lai…

Trong noi bo cong ty, dieu nay gay ra thiet hai cho co dong khi von dieu le tang len nhung tien that khong chay vao, lam giam ty le so huu cua co dong khac va de xay ra tranh chap. De giai quyet, cong ty phai thuc hien nhieu thu tuc phap ly phuc tap de giam von dieu le. Neu tranh chap, cong ty phai theo duoi cac thu tuc to tung ton thoi gian va cong suc.

Nhin tu ben ngoai, dieu nay khong tot cho cong dong doanh nghiep, vi von dieu le phan anh trach nhiem huu han cua cong ty, nhieu doanh nghiep nhin vao von dieu le cua doi tac de ky hop dong, bao dam nang luc.

Ve khia canh phap ly, luat su Tran Dinh Trien cho biet, viec gop von vao mot cong ty la viec noi bo, tuy thuoc vao cac thanh vien; luat phap chi dat ra cac nguyen tac de cac ben tuan thu. Theo quy dinh, viec gop von co the bang tien mat, ngoai te, tai san (dong san, bat dong san) va cac chung chi co gia tri bang tien (hoi phieu, co phan, so tiet kiem…).

Tuy nhien, can luu y, tat ca cac tai san dung de gop von phai thuoc so huu cua nguoi gop von, phai la tai san co gia va phai giao dich duoc hoac phap luat khong cam giao dich.

Chang han nhu do co cung la tai san, rat co gia tri, nhung luat phap cam mua ban nen khong the dem ra gop von. Hay nhu giay chung nhan quyen su dung dat cua mot nha tho dong do, tuy co gia tri, nhung khong giao dich duoc. Tro lai truong hop cua anh Thanh, luat phap khong cam viec gop von bang nha dat, nhung tai san do chua thuoc so huu cua nguoi gop von thi khong the chap nhan duoc.

Ngoai ra, khi gop von bang tai san, tai san do phai duoc dinh gia bang tien. Viec nay co the do cac thanh vien trong cong ty thoa thuan va quyet dinh gia tri cua tai san dung gop von, roi tu do tinh toan phan von gop, ty le co phan cua nguoi gop von.

Theo luat su Tran Minh Hai, tren thuc te, cac cong ty Viet Nam thuong xue xoa trong giai doan nay, viec dinh gia thuong duoc HDQT “ang chung”. Day la dieu can tranh va tot nhat la nho cong ty kiem toan hoac co quan co chuc nang ve dinh gia tai san de quyet dinh xem gia tri tai san do o thoi diem gop von la bao nhieu, tranh tranh cai phat sinh sau nay.

Luat su Hai cung luu y, cac cong ty can hoan tat thu tuc sang ten roi moi ghi nhan von gop. Tuc la tai san gop von can phai chuyen thanh tai san cua cong ty, cong ty co quyen so huu va dinh doat. Phai hoan tat cac thu tuc nay thi moi coi la da gop von va khi do moi ghi nhan phan von gop.

Trong truong hop cac thu tuc con thieu sot, cac ben co quyen thoa thuan de hoan thien thu tuc nhu dinh gia, cong nhan gia tri tai san de dua vao von gop, tinh toan ty le von gop, lam thu tuc sang ten tai san cho cong ty. Trong truong hop cac ben tranh chap, khong thoa thuan duoc thi co the dua ra Toa an de xu ly Vietbao.vn (Theo DTCK)

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