Nhung may bay ky di nhat the gioi

Thứ ba, 21 Tháng hai 2012, 00:08 GMT+7

It ai biet rang co nhung loai may bay trong khong khac chu seu troi hoac con doi dem. Tham chi o My, vua xuat hien "chiec oto" co the cat canh len khong moi khi ket xe.
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1. Sieu van chuyen Beluga cua hang Airbus


Nhung may bay ky di nhat the gioi
Chiec may bay sieu van chuyen cua hang AIrbus.

Chiec Beluga cua hang Airbus hien la may bay cho hang lon nhat the gioi, duoc thiet ke de van chuyen nhung mon hang sieu truong sieu trong nhu bo phan cua may bay.


Can canh chiec may bay sieu van chuyen

Duoc dat biet danh la Sieu Van chuyen, chiec Beluga dai hon 184 feet (56m) va co the cho hang voi khoi luong 47 tan, di tren quang duong 900 hai ly. Ra mat lan dau nam 1995, Beluga duoc Airbus thiet ke nham phuc vu nhu cau san xuat cua chinh ho. Cho den nay hang may bay nay co mot doi 5 chiec Beluga dang hoat dong, voi nhiem vu chuyen cho cac bo phan may bay tu 4 nha may cua ho dat tai 4 quoc gia Phap, Duc, Anh va Tay Ban Nha ve khu lap rap.

2. May bay danh "bom nuoc" Bombardier 415


Nhung may bay ky di nhat the gioi
Chiec may bay nay duoc dung chu yeu dap cac dam chay rung.

Bombardier 415 ra doi tai Canada, hien la chiec may bay duy nhat tren the gioi duoc thiet ke chuyen cho viec chua chay tu tren khong. Ke tu khi ra doi nam 1994, cho den nay co 76 chiec Bombardier 415 dang hoat dong tai 18 nha cung cap o 10 quoc gia. Chiec may bay co the hut nuoc tu mat ho trong khi dang bay, voi toc do 1.621 gallon nuoc chi trong 12 giay. Trong moi tieng dong ho chua chay, chu yeu la doi voi cac vu chay rung, Bombardier 415 co the dat toi nang suat 9 lan tha nuoc trong vong mot tieng dong ho, xa ra tong cong 14.600 gallon nuoc.


Can canh chiec Bombardier 415

Ngoai ra, trong nhieu truong hop khac nguoi ta con huy dong Bombardier 415 de tim kiem va cuu nan hay van chuyen cong nhan. Gia cua tung chiec may bay cuu hoa khong duoc tiet lo, tuy nhien nha san xuat Bombardier cho biet tinh den thang 3/2011, ho da ban duoc 415 chiec Bombardier 415 thu ve tong cong 162 trieu USD.

3. Seu troi Erickson S-64 Aircrane


Nhung may bay ky di nhat the gioi
Chiec may bay truc thang duoc dung de van chuyen cac mon hang kich co lon.


Voi biet danh "seu troi", chiec S-64 Aircrane la may bay truc thang voi dong co kep co the van chuyen cac vat nang len toi 11.300 kg. Day cung la chiec truc thang dau tien tren the gioi cho phep phi cong quan sat toan dien doi voi hang dang duoc chuyen cho. Ban dau, chiec S-64 Aircrane duoc hang chuyen san xuat may bay Sikorsky Aircraft thiet ke nam 1962. Tuy nhien, 30 nam sau do, hang Erickson Air-Crane da mua lai quyen san xuat va ke tu nam 1992 den nay da cho ra doi 1.350 chiec "Seu troi" khac nhau.

Dang tieng cua "Seu troi" bat dau vang xa tu cuoc chien tranh Viet Nam, khi quan doi My su dung loai may bay nay de chuyen cho hang tram may bay, truc thang bi hu hong khac mang ve sua chua thay vi bo lai dia ban, tiet kiem cho quan doi My 240 trieu USD.


Can canh "Seu troi"

Ke tu khi gia nhap thi truong hang khong dan dung vao nam 1969 den nay, chiec S-64 tham gia chu yeu vao nganh xay dung va gop mat vao nhieu cong trinh noi tieng the gioi. Nam 1975, may bay nay giup chuyen cho vat lieu khi xay toa thap CN o Toronto, cong trinh toa thap cao nhat the gioi thoi ky do. Nam 1993, "Seu troi" duoc dung de van chuyen va thay the Buc tuong Tu do tren noc toa nha U.S. Capitol o Thu do Washington D.C.

4. May bay san bao WP-3D Orion


Nhung may bay ky di nhat the gioi
Chiec may bay duoc thiet ke de lao vao nhung con bao khung khiep nhat.

Chiec WP-3D Orion cua hang may bay My Lockheed duoc thiet ke de co the lao thang vao nhung con giong bao de thu thap thong tin thoi tiet nhu huong va cuong do cua con bao.

Ra mat vao nam 1976, cho den nay chi co hai chiec may bay loai nay duoc su dung. Ngoai dong co phan luc, chiec WP-3D Orion con duoc trang bi nhieu may moc phuc vu nghien cuu khoa hoc nhu radar, may cam bien, he thong do dac nhiet do, khong khi, khi hau. Ben canh viec nghien cuu cac con bao, may bay con duoc trung dung trong cac cuoc nghien cuu khoa hoc tam quoc te.


Can canh chiec may bay san bao

Vi du trong tham hoa tran dau cua hang BP tai vinh Mexico hoi 2010, mot chiec "San bao" da duoc gui den de do muc do o nhiem khong khi phia tren vung vinh. Con thang 9 nam ngoai, ca hai chiec may bay da nhieu lan lao thang vao tran bao Irene o vung bo Dong nuoc My de thu thap va du bao huong di cua bao. Tuy nhien, moi day chinh quyen nuoc nay da de xuat cat giam ngan sach cho viec du bao thoi tiet, trong do co cat giam 40% chi phi danh cho may bay du bao bao. Do do tuong lai cua hai chiec may bay nay kha mo mit.

5. May bay sieu trong Antonov AN-225 Mriya


Nhung may bay ky di nhat the gioi
Voi tam voc khung cua minh, chiec may bay chuyen de cho tau vu tru.

Chiec AN-225 Mriya cua hang hang khong Antonov den tu Ukraine hien giu ky luc may bay nang nhat va lon nhat tu truoc den nay, co 6 dong co va chuyen cho toi 250 tan.

Voi tam voc khung cua minh, chiec AN-225 duoc thiet ke chuyen de cho cac bo phan cua tau vu tru, phuc vu cho chuong trinh nghien cuu vu tru duoi thoi Lien xo cu. May bay dau tien ra mat lan dau nam 1988 va cho den nay la chiec duy nhat do san pham thu hai chua kip hoan thanh thi Lien bang Xo viet da sup do vao nam 1991.


Can canh chiec may bay sieu trong

Hien nay, chiec AN-225 phuc vu trong hoat dong thuong mai cua cong ty van chuyen Antonov Airlines cua Ukraine. Nguoi ta dung no de chuyen cho nhung thu sieu nang, von truoc do khong ai nghi co the van chuyen bang duong hang khong. Ngoai ra, may bay cung duoc nhieu hang nhan dao quoc te dung de chuyen hang cuu tro cho cac vung bi thien tai. Hoi thang 3/2011 vua roi, chiec may bay da dua 140 tan hang cuu tro toi Nhat Ban sau khi nuoc nay ganh chiu tran dong dat va song than lich su. Chiec AN-225 cung tham gia vao qua trinh cuu tro va tai xay dung o Haiti sau tran dong dat pha huy gan nhu toan bo nha cua tai day.

6. Oto bay Terrafugia Transition


Nhung may bay ky di nhat the gioi
Chiec may bay kiem oto Terrafugia Transition da duoc cap phep luu thong tren duong tai My.

Terrafugia Transition con duoc goi la "xe bay" boi no la mot may bay dang nhe, duoc thiet ke de vua chay tren dat nhu mot chiec o to, luc can co the cat canh bay len troi chi sau mot phut chuyen doi.

Loai phuong tien nay do mot nhom ky su hang khong tai truong dai hoc MIT thiet ke. Voi hai cho ngoi, chiec may bay duoc lam bang soi carbon va dong co 100 suc ngua. Sau khi ra mat va nam 2006, "xe bay" tien hanh chuyen bay thu nghiem dau tien vao cung nam tren. Khi phong tren duong, no co the dat van toc 65 dam mot gio (khoang 100 km/h) va bay tren troi voi van toc 115 dam tren gio. Voi muc gia 279.000 USD, day la phuong tien ly tuong cho nhung ai vua muon so huu oto vua muon ca may bay.


Can canh chiec oto bay

2011 la mot moc dang nho cua "xe bay" khi duoc Uy ban An toan giao thong quoc gia My cho phep luu thong tren duong. Tham chi tap chi Time con dua no vao danh sach 59 phat minh hay nhat nam 2010. Hien nha san xuat cua "xe bay" dang rat phan chan, sua soan dua ra lo hang dau tien vao cuoi nam 2012.

7. May bay do tham RQ-170 Sentinel


Nhung may bay ky di nhat the gioi
May bay do tham khong nguoi lai cua My mang hinh dang mot con doi bay trong dem.

RQ-170 Sentinel la chiec may bay do tham khong nguoi lai (UAV) cua Quan doi My, duoc dung cho cac nhiem vu theo doi, do tham. Duoc san xuat boi hang Lockheed Martin, chiec may bay nay gop mat trong Khong luc My va Co quan Tinh bao trung uong My (CIA) tu nam 2007. Tuy nhien, cac co quan tren khong chiu thua nhan su ton tai cua no cho den nam 2009, khi nhung hinh anh dau tien bat dau lot ra ngoai. La mot trong nhung trang thiet bi toi tan nhat cua CIA, nguoi ta it khi thu duoc thong tin gi ve chuc nang, phuong thuc hoat dong cua may bay do tham. Nhung buc anh ro ri tren mang cho thay loai may bay nay mang hinh mot con doi dang sai canh. Theo thong tin thiet ke, may bay khong nguoi lai thuong khong duoc trang bi vu khi.


Can canh chiec may bay do tham

Chiec Sentinel tung duoc dung trong cuoc truy lung trum khung bo Osama bin vao thang 5/2011 vua roi. Con moi day nhat vao thang 12, may bay do tham mot lan nua len trang nhat cac bao khi Iran tuyen bo ban ha mot chiec RQ-170 bay tren vung troi nuoc nay. Day la su kien chan dong the gioi khi lan dau tien nuoc My co nguy co lo nhung bi mat phan mem, cong nghe an giau trong chiec may bay tren.

8. May bay vu tru SpaceShipTwo


Nhung may bay ky di nhat the gioi
Ty phu Richard Branson ben canh chiec may bay mo hinh SpaceShipTwo.

La mot san pham cua hang hang khong Virgin Group, chiec SpaceShipTwo tuong trung cho giac mo chinh phuc khong gian cua ong chu hang nay - ty phu lam tai nhieu tat Richard Branson. San pham duoc hoan thien dua tren chiec SpaceShipOne truoc do, duoc thiet ke de dua khach du lich tham quan vu tru. Hang Virgin dang len ke hoach de dua khach hang dau tien vao khong gian trong mua he nam nay, tro thanh cong ty dau tien, va duy nhat hien nay chuyen cung cap dich vu du lich vu tru.

Theo thiet ke, chiec SpaceShipTwo se duoc ban len khong gian nho con tau me mang ten WhiteKnightTwo. Sau khi phong len do cao 100 km, chiec SpaceShipTwo se bat dau hanh trinh du lich khong gian keo 3 tieng ruoi o ben ria bau khi quyen. May bay dai 60 feet (18,3m) cho duoc 6 nguoi va 2 phi cong.


Can canh chiec may bay vu tru SpaceShipTwo

Theo thong tin tu Tap doan Virgin, cho den nay hang da thu hut 430 hanh khach dat cho truoc. Day la con so "khung" neu so voi thuc te la tu truoc den nay, moi co 525 nguoi tung bay len vu tru. Chuyen bay dau tien se cat canh tu san bay vu tru cua My dat tai New Mexico vao nam 2013.

Thanh Binh (Theo CNBC)

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