Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A

Chủ nhật, 30 Tháng mười 2011, 07:08 GMT+7

Chau A la noi co luong trieu phu va ty phu tang nhanh hon bat ky khu vuc nao khac tren the gioi. Trong do, khong it nguoi cung gia dinh la lanh dao cac doanh nghiep hang dau chau A.
>Gia dinh giau nhat nuoc My

Danh sach 10 gia dinh giau co nhat chau A duoc CNBC thong ke dua tren so lieu cua hang nghien cuu Wealth-X. Gia tri tai san cua moi gia dinh duoc tinh toan dua tren luong co phieu so huu, luong tien mat, co tuc va cac tai san co the dau tu duoc khac.

10. Gia dinh Wang


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Ong Yung-ching cung nguoi anh em cua minh da thanh lap Formosa Palstics Group nam 1958.

Vung lanh tho: Dai Loan

Cong ty: Formosa Plastics Group

Tai san uoc tinh: 8,6 ty USD

Gia dinh Wang sang lap nen tap doan Formosa Plastics Group – mot trong nhung hang che tao chat deo lon nhat the gioi va cung la cong ty da nganh lon nhat Dai Loan.

Hai anh em Yung-ching va Yung-tsai Wang thanh lap tap doan nay nam 1958. Tuy moi chi tot nghiep tieu hoc, nhung ong Yung-ching cung nguoi anh em cua minh da dua Formosa Plastics tro thanh mot trong nhung tap doan cong nghiep hung manh nhat chau A voi 4 don vi lon la Formosa Petrochemical, Formosa Plastics, Nan Ya Plastics va Formosa Chemicals & Fibre.

Hai anh em ong Wang da roi vi tri lanh dao nam 2006 va nhuong lai cho mot ban dieu hanh gom Cher Wang – con gai cua ong Yung-ching cung con trai cua Yung-tsai la Wen Yuang Wang. Ong Wang Yung-ching qua doi nam 2008 o tuoi 91 voi luong tai san uoc tinh khoang 5,5 ty USD. Ong trum kinh doanh nay co 3 nguoi vo va 10 nguoi con.

Trong so cac con Yung-ching, ba Cher Wang, 53 tuoi, la nguoi thanh cong nhat trong viec ke tuc su nghiep cua cha minh. Hang san xuat smartphone cua ba la HTC da dat doanh thu toi 9,8 ty USD nam 2010. Ba cung chong la Wen Chi Chen duoc Forbes binh chon la nguoi giau nhat Dai Loan voi tai san uoc tinh 8,8 ty USD trong nam nay.

9. Gia dinh Ng


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Ong Robert hien la lanh dao Sino Group

Quoc gia: Singapore

Cong ty: Far East Organization, Sino Group

Tai san uoc tinh: 8,9 ty USD

Gia dinh Ng so huu Far East Organiation – hang bat dong san lon nhat Singapore va Sino Group co tru so tai Hong Kong. Hai cong ty hop lai tro thanh mot trong nhung tap doan bat dong san hang dau chau A voi doanh thu hang nam vao khoang 4,3 ty USD. Tai Singapore, tap doan nay duoc nguoi ta nho den la chu so huu nhung dia diem nhu khach san Fullerton cung 700 bat dong san khac.

Ng Teng Fong sang lap noi tieng la nguoi co loi song thanh dam, chi o trong mot can nha trong suot 30 nam, ngay ca khi da giau len. Nam 2010, ong da qua doi o tuoi 82 do xuat huyet nao. Sau do, con trai lon cua ong la Robert, 59 tuoi, lanh dao Sino Group, con con trai thu Philip tiep quan Far East Organization.

8. Gia dinh Hartono


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Robert Budi Hartono hien la nguoi giau nhat Indonesia.

Quoc gia: Indonesia

Cong ty: Djarum Group

Tai san uoc tinh: 11 ty USD

Hartono la gia dinh giau co nhat Indonesia, so huu Djarum Group – mot trong nhung hang san xuat thuoc la vi dinh huong lon nhat the gioi. Tap doan cung nam giu luong tai san khong nho tai mot trong nhung ngan hang lon nhat Indonesia – Bank Central Asia.

Djarum duoc mot nguoi goc Trung Quoc Oei Wie Gwan thanh lap nam 1951. Hai nguoi con trai la Robert Budi Hartono va Michael Bambang Hartono thua ke san nghiep nam 1963 sau khi ong qua doi. Ho da dau tu vao khau nghien cuu, phat trien, va khoang 10 nam sau thi bat dau xuat khau thuoc la. San pham cua hang chiem 97% thi truong thuoc la vi dinh huong tai My nam 2009.

Armand Wahyudi – con trai cua Robert Budi Hartono cung tham gia vao cong viec kinh doanh cua gia dinh va la giam doc Bank Central Asia tu nam 2009. Gan day thi truong co nhieu bien dong nen tai san cua gia dinh Hartono cung vi the ma suy giam. Theo bao chi Indonesia, trong vong 2 tuan cuoi thang 9 va dau thang 10, tai san cua Robert Budi da boc hoi 8%, xuong con 10,5 ty USD.

7. Lee Kun Hee va gia dinh


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Lee Kun Hee co cong lon trong viec dua Samsung tro thanh “ga khong lo” trong lang cong nghe the gioi.

Quoc gia: Han Quoc

Cong ty: Samsung Group

Tai san uoc tinh: 11,6 ty USD

Lee Kun Hee la Chu tich hang dien tu Samsung Electronics – hang chu chot trong tap doan Samsung. Hoat dong cua tap doan nay chiem khoang 1/5 GDP cua Han Quoc. Hien tai, Samsung Electronics la nha san xuat chip hang dau va lon thu hai the gioi trong san xuat smartphone, sau Apple. Hang con canh tranh quyet liet voi Hewlett Packard de tro thanh hang cong nghe co doanh thu lon nhat toan cau.

Samsung Group duoc Lee Byung Chull – cha cua Lee Kun Hee – sang lap nam 1938. Ong Kun Hee la nguoi con trai thu ba va tro thanh chu tich cua hang vao nam 1987. Ong duoc nho den la nguoi da co cong dua Samsung tro thanh mot “ga khong lo” trong linh vuc cong nghe tren the gioi.

Song, tren cuong vi la nguoi dung dau tap doan, Lee Kun Hee cung phai doi mat voi hang loat dieu tieng trong nhung nam gan day. Nguoi dan ong 69 tuoi nay bi buoc toi tron thue va boi tin nam 2008, va bi phat 3 nam tu nhung sau duoc Tong thong nuoc nay an xa nam 2009. Vi chuyen nay ma ong da tam roi cong viec kinh doanh trong 2 nam va tro lai lanh dao vao nam 2010.

Cac thanh vien khac trong gia dinh cung tham gia vao cong viec kinh doanh gom co Jay Y.Lee – Tong giam doc Samsung Electronics va la con trai duy nhat, nguoi thua ke cua Lee Kun Hee, cung con gai ong la Lee Boon Jin –Pho chu tich chuoi khach san cao cap Shilla Hotels and Resorts cua tap doan.

6. Gia dinh Kuok


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Robert Kuok la mot trong ba nguoi sang lap Kuok Group.

Quoc gia: Malaysia, Singapore

Cong ty: Kuok Group

Tai san uoc tinh: 16,1 ty USD

So huu Kuok Group – mot trong nhung hang hoat dong trong nhieu linh vuc nhat tai chau A nhu nong nghiep, bat dong san va dich vu tai chinh, Kuok la gia dinh giau co nhat Dong Nam A. Tap doan Malaysia nay duoc ba anh em nha Kuok thanh lap nam 1949. Nguoi tre nhat, Robert Kuok nam nay cung da 88 tuoi. Khoi dau bang hoat dong buon ban nong nghiep, nam 1952, tap doan nay da mo rong sang Singapore, va sau do la Thai Lan, Indonesia, Hong Kong va Trung Quoc.

Khoon Chen (57 tuoi) – con trai cua Robert – la Giam doc dieu hanh cua Kuok Group va cong ty con Kerry Properties – hang bat dong san lon nhat tai Hong Kong. Nguoi con thu Khoon Ean, 56 tuoi, la chu tich cua chuoi khach san Shangri-La Asia. Tuy nhien, tai san cua gia dinh mot phan lon lai den tu Wilmar International – cong ty san xuat dau co lon nhat the gioi. Khoon Hong – nguoi chau trai 61 tuoi cua Robert Kuok – la chu tich hang nay.

5. Sunil Mittal va gia dinh


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Sunil Bharti Mittal va nguoi anh em Rajan Mittal

Quoc gia: An Do

Cong ty: Bharti Group

Tai san uoc tinh: 16,5 ty USD

Sunil Bharti Mittal la nguoi sang lap Bharti Group va cung la chu tich cua Bharti Airtel – hang cung cap dien thoai di dong lon nhat An Do. Day cung la hang vien thong lon thu nam the gioi voi hon 200 trieu khach hang.

Nam 1976, khi moi 18 tuoi voi chua den 500 USD nhan duoc tu nguoi cha, Mittal thanh lap tap doan Bharti chuyen san xuat cac bo phan xe dap. Sau do, ong tiep tuc thanh lap Bharti Telecom – hang dau tien tai An Do cho ra mat dien thoai bam so vao nhung nam 1980 va 10 nam sau do la may fax va dien thoai khong day. Hien tai, Bharti Group hoat dong trong linh vuc ban le, dich vu tai chinh, san xuat tai 19 nuoc. Anh em cua ong Sunil la Rakesh va Rajan Mittal cung tham gia kinh doanh va la lanh dao cac don vi ban le va nong nghiep.

Kavin va Shravin (25 tuoi) – hai con trai sinh doi cua Sunil Mittal – gan day cung buoc chan vao linh vuc kinh doanh cua gia dinh. Kavin se lanh dao mot cong ty lien ket voi Softbank – “ga khong lo” ve vien thong cua Nhat Ban – de phat trien truyen thong xa hoi, tro choi va thuong mai dien tu nham thuc day mobile internet tai An Do.

4. Gia dinh Kwok


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Ba anh em Raymond (ben trai), Thomas (ben phai) va Walter Kwok da tiep quan tap doan sau khi cha ho qua doi.

Vung lanh tho: Hong Kong

Cong ty: Sun Hung Kai Properties

Tai san uoc tinh: 22 ty USD

Sun Hung Kai Propertiers – hang bat dong san lon nhat chau A do doanh nhan nguoi Trung Quoc dai luc Tak Seng Kwok cung 2 doi tac la Fung King Hey va Lee Chau Kee thanh lap nam 1963. Hang bat dau niem yet tren san chung khoan Hong Kong nam 1972 va chang may choc da tro thanh mot trong nhung hang co gia tri von hoa thi truong lon nhat, hien vao khoang 34,25 ty USD.

Ong Tak Seng qua doi nam 1990, de lai co nghiep cho vo Kwong Siu-hing va 3 con trai la Raymond, Thomas va Walter Kwok. Cong ty tiep tuc lam an phat dat nho thi truong bat dong san phat trien manh me tai Hong Kong va Trung Quoc. Thang truoc, tap doan cong bo tinh den thang 6/2011, loi nhuan co ban tang 55% len 2,75 ty USD so voi cung ky nam ngoai. Tap doan nay cung da hoan thien qua trinh xay dung Trung tam Thuong mai Quoc te - toa nha cao nhat Hong Kong – vao nam 2010, danh dau them mot cot moc quan trong cho hang.

Nam 2008, do dinh liu toi tranh chap tai toa ma ong Walter, 66 tuoi, da phai tu chuc chu tich Sun Hung Kai Properties. Me ong la ba Kwong Siu Hing – co dong chinh cua tap doan – da tiep quan vi tri nay. Quan ly hoat dong cua tap doan la 2 nguoi em cua ong.

3. Lakshmi Narayan Mittal va gia dinh


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Ong Mittal (giua) la chu tich va CEO cua ArcelorMittal.

Quoc gia: An Do

Cong ty: ArcelorMittal

Tai san uoc tinh: 28 ty USD

Lakshmi Narayan Mittal la nguoi sang lap ArcelorMittal – hang san xuat thep hang dau the gioi. Theo Forbes, Mittal duoc danh gia la nguoi giau thu 6 tren the gioi.

Ong trum nganh thep 61 tuoi nay thanh lap cong ty vao nam 1989 voi ten goi Mittal Steel. Nam 2006, Mittal Steel sap nhap voi Arcelor tro thanh tap doan nhu hien nay, co tru so tai Luxembourg. Mittal la chu tich va CEO cua ArcelorMittal, so huu 40% co phan. Cac thanh vien khac trong gia dinh cung tham gia vao cong ty la con trai Aditya – CFO cua tap doan, con con gai Vanisha la mot trong 11 thanh vien ban lanh dao cua ArcelorMittal.

Nam 2004, dam cuoi cua Vanisha voi Amit Bhatia da thu hut su chu y cua du luan boi su xa hoa va duoc coi la dam cuoi ton kem thu 3 trong lich su hien dai voi chi phi 60 trieu USD. Dam cuoi dien ra tai cung dien Versailles cua Phap. Ong Mittal duoc cho la da bao 1.000 vi khach o tai cac khach san 5 sao cua Pari trong vong mot tuan lien.

2. Li Ka-shing va gia dinh


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Ong Ka-shing (ben phai) da khoi nghiep bang cong viec san xuat chat deo nam 22 tuoi. Ben trai la con trai Victor Tzar Kuoi.

Vung lanh tho: Hong Kong

Cong ty: Cheung Kong, PCCW, Hutchison Whampoa

Tai san uoc tinh: 32 ty USD

Li Ka-shing duoc coi la mot trong nhung doanh nhan quyen luc nhat chau A. Cac cong ty cua ong co gia tri von hoa thi truong vao khoang 92 ty USD tren thi truong chung khoan Hong Kong.

Ong trum tu ban nguoi Trung Quoc nay da tung bo hoc nam 12 tuoi va cung gia dinh tu dai luc toi Hong Kong nam 1928. Sau khi lam viec cho mot cong ty san xuat chat deo, nam 22 tuoi, Ka-shing cung khoi nghiep bang nganh nay ma gio la Cheung Kong Industries – mot trong nhung hang bat dong san hang dau Hong Kong. Cong ty duoc niem yet tren san chung khoan nam 1972 va tiep tuc mo rong, thau tom Hutchison Whampoa va Hong Kong Electronics. Hien tai, linh vuc kinh doanh cua Ka-shing rat da dang tu van chuyen, vien thong den cong nghe sinh hoc.

Li Ka-shing dieu hanh cac cong ty tai Trung Quoc, Anh va Australia. Hai con trai ong la Victor Tzar Kuoi (47 tuoi) lanh dao Cheung Kong, Hutchison Whampoa va KC Life Science. Con nguoi con khac la Richard Tzar Kai Li (44 tuoi) giu cuong vi chu tich hang vien thong PCCW.

1. Gia dinh Ambani


Nhung gia dinh giau co nhat chau A
Bat dong giua Mukesh (ben phai) va Anil Ambani (ben trai) da gay ra su chia re nam 2006.

Quoc gia: An Do

Cong ty: Reliance Industries, Reliance Group

Tai san uoc tinh: 37,6 ty USD

Ambani la gia dinh giau co nhat trong khu vuc chau A – Thai Binh Duong va la nhung nguoi sang lap Reliance Industries – cong ty lon nhat An Do tinh theo gia tri von hoa thi truong (55,6 ty USD).

Cong ty duoc Dhirubhai Hirachand Ambani thanh lap nam 1966 chuyen det may va dan mo rong hoat dong sang linh vuc hoa dau, thong tin lien lac va nang luong. Cau chuyen tu mot cong nhan tro thanh mot ong trum kinh doanh da dua ong len mot vi tri quan trong tai An Do. Sau khi Dhirubhai qua doi nam 2002, hai con trai la Mukesh va Anil Ambanil da tiep noi su nghiep.

Tuy nhien, bat dong giua hai anh em da gay ra chia re nam 2006. Mukesh, 54 tuoi, lanh dao Reliance Industries, bao gom cac tai san lien quan den dau mo. Ong duoc ca the gioi biet den la nguoi xay dung ngoi nha dat nhat the gioi tai Mumbai voi chi phi khoang 1 ty USD. Con Anil, 52 tuoi, la chu tich Reliance Group, hoat dong trong linh vuc vien thong, nang luong va y te.

Trong thap ky vua qua, hoat dong kinh doanh cua gia dinh Ambani da khong it lan bi dieu tra. Thang truoc, chinh quyen An Do da tien hanh dieu tra vai tro cua Anil Ambani trong mot vu be boi vien thong tri gia hang ty USD.

Ngoc Thuy



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