Hang thu cong my nghe xuat khau Chi copy mau

Thứ hai, 09 Tháng bảy 2007, 16:35 GMT+7


Hang thu cong my nghe xuat khau Chi copy mau
San xuat do go my nghe xuat khau sang thi truong chau Au tai DNTN Co Kim My Nghe - Anh: NLD
Thach thuc lon nhat doi voi hang thu cong my nghe Viet Nam trong qua trinh xuat ngoai hien nay la tinh trang vi pham ban quyen, thieu thong tin ho tro thi truong...

Hien nay, nganh thu cong my nghe (TCMN) van chua tim ra loi thoat cho tinh trang sao chep mau ma, tranh chap ban quyen giua cac doanh nghiep (DN) dan den han che su phat trien.

Ong Dinh Manh Hung, Truong Phong Trung tam Ho tro DN nho va vua, Phong Thuong mai va Cong nghiep Viet Nam (VCCI), nhan xet nhu vay.

Thu tuc ruom ra

Theo ong Nguyen Van Quang, Pho Giam doc So Cong nghiep Dong Nai, tinh trang an cap ban quyen, mau ma san pham dang dien ra mot cach tho bao. Dieu nay da han che rat lon su phat trien cua nganh TCMN. Ong dan chung, trong mot trien lam hang TCMN to chuc tai Duc moi day, nhieu khach tham quan phan anh co den 3 DN trung bay mot san pham giong het nhau tu chi tiet den nguyen lieu. Dieu nay da khien khong it doi tac nuoc ngoai co cai nhin thieu thien cam ve DN Viet Nam.

Co thuong hieu rieng la dieu ma DN nao cung mong muon. De xay dung duoc thuong hieu, truoc khi tung san pham ra thi truong, dieu DN can lam la dang ky ban quyen so huu mau ma len Cuc So huu tri tue de khang dinh tren co so phap ly quyen so huu cua minh va duoc phap luat bao ve. Nhung cac DN khong nhung khong dang ky ma con an cap cua nhau dan den tranh chap, kien tung tran lan.

Cung theo ong Hung, so di hien nay cac DN luoi dang ky ban quyen la do ho van kinh doanh theo loi “chup giat”, chay theo loi nhuan truoc mat, chua co dinh huong lau dai cho su phat trien ben vung. Mat khac, can benh nay cung la do mot so thu tuc phap ly gay nen.

“Chung ta da co Luat So huu tri tue nhung thu tuc dang ky ban quyen con ruom ra, rac roi, co nhieu chong cheo, mang tinh chat hanh chinh. Quan ly thi qua long leo so voi cac nuoc trong khu vuc chu chua noi gi den the gioi.

Thoi gian hoan thanh qua lau khien nhieu DN nan ma bo cuoc. Cac san pham TCMN Viet Nam chu yeu xuat sang thi truong My, Nhat Ban, EU - nhung thi truong kho tinh. Ho khong chi doi hoi san pham dep, co chat luong ma con phai mang tinh mua vu va co su thay doi lien tuc”- ong Hung noi.

Khat thong tin

Theo so lieu tu Tong cuc Thong ke, nam 2006, kim ngach xuat khau hang TCMN cua ca nuoc la 630,4 trieu USD, ti trong xuat khau la 1,59%. Con so tren chua xung voi tiem nang ve nguon nguyen lieu va luc luong lao dong hon 10 trieu nguoi cua nganh nay.

Nguyen nhan chu yeu la do kha nang tiep can thi truong quoc te cua cac DN han che, thieu thong tin ho tro thi truong. Hien nay, dau ra lon nhat cua TCMN Viet Nam la thi truong My va EU.

Tuy nhien, cac DN Viet Nam lai khong am hieu ve van hoa cua ho, chi dua ra cac san pham mang ban sac van hoa Viet Nam ma quen mat rang nguoi tieu dung can nhung san pham co dau an van hoa que huong ho. Vi the, nhieu DN Viet Nam roi vao tinh trang xuat khau cac mat hang “lech pha” voi nhu cau cua thi truong va “cham tien” so voi cac doi thu canh tranh.

Theo cac chuyen gia, thach thuc lon nhat doi voi cac DN Viet Nam la viec thieu thong tin dan den khong nam bat duoc gia ca, nhu cau, xu the phat trien cua thi truong, chua am hieu van hoa, thi hieu cua nguoi tieu dung nuoc ngoai... trong khi nhung thong tin nay lai vo cung can thiet doi voi nhung nguoi lam kinh doanh.

Dieu ma cac DN can hien nay la co mot trung tam thong tin ho tro DN trong qua trinh tim hieu va day manh phat trien thi truong tu cac co quan quan ly Nha nuoc. Hiep hoi TCMN moi duoc Thu tuong Chinh phu ky quyet dinh thanh lap.

Cac DN hy vong day se la noi xuc tien thuong mai, cung cap thong tin thi truong, giup ho giu gin, bao ho ban quyen, xay dung va quang ba thuong hieu cho cac san pham TCMN Viet Nam.

Theo Bach Hoan - Nguoi Lao Dong

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