Canh bao thep re TQ tran vao Viet Nam

Chủ nhật, 29 Tháng bảy 2012, 02:16 GMT+7

Canh bao thep re TQ tran vao Viet Nam Nha may luyen gang long cua Cty CP Thep Van Loi o Hai Phong da dung san xuat hon nam nay Tai hoi nghi 6 thang dau nam cua Hiep hoi thep Viet Nam (VSA) dien ra ngay 27-7, nhieu doanh nghiep (DN) thep lo ngai se co mot luong thep khong lo gia re Trung Quoc do vao Viet Nam, trong khi thep noi ton kho dang tang tung thang va nhieu DN dang chet lam sang.

Ong Tran Tuan Duong, Tong giam doc Tap doan Hoa Phat cho biet, tinh hinh tieu thu thep trong nuoc va the gioi nam nay, nam 2013 van chua co cua sang. Moi lo ngai toi day la thep Trung Quoc se do don vao Viet Nam.

Hien Trung Quoc co san luong khoang 700 trieu tan thep/nam, chiem hon 50% san luong thep cua the gioi. Trong 30 nam qua, toc do tang truong nganh thep cua nuoc nay rat lon, khoang 10%. Tuy nhien, hien thi truong bat dong san cua ho dang co van de, tieu thu thep chung lai, nen kha nang du thua thep rat lon.

“Chi can 5% thep cua ho (gan 40 trieu tan) day di, thi khong nhung Viet Nam, ma cac nuoc trong khu vuc deu phai chiu suc ep truoc luong thep khong lo nay, do vay can phai co bien phap phong ve tu xa”ong Duong
canh bao.

Theo lanh dao tap doan Hoa Phat “Hien thep cuon cua Trung Quoc da vao Viet Nam khoang 300 nghin tan. Duoc cho rang vi co ham luong nguyen to Bo tren 0,0008% nen huong thue suat nhap khau 0%. Thuc te, ty le tren chi la vi luong, khong lam thay doi tinh chat vat ly cua thep, mac cua thep. Mot so Cty thuong mai, nhap thep hop kim nay ve, nhung ve ban voi gia thep xay dung, day la hinh thuc canh tranh khong lanh manh, co quan chuc nang can phai can thiep, neu khong thi truong thep se lot vao tay Trung Quoc”, lanh dao tap doan Hoa Phat kien nghi.

Ong Huynh Trung Quang, Tong giam doc Cty thep Tay Do lo ngai: “Chung ta se phai doi mat voi tinh trang san pham thep cua Trung Quoc tran ngap thi truong Viet Nam, dac biet la o khu vuc phia Nam. Rieng thep xay dung cua Trung Quoc vao Viet Nam ban voi gia thap hon nhieu so voi thep trong nuoc, khoang 400-500 nghin dong/tan. Tinh ca VAT khoang 14.500 trieu dong/tan thep cuon. Tuong lai khong xa, ke ca thep thanh, van, chac chan ho se ap vao thi truong nuoc ta”.

Theo ong Quang, thep Trung Quoc re hon, co the do ho ap dung cong nghe cai tien de co gia canh tranh, nhung cung khong loai tru ho ban pha gia.

Ong Nguyen Trong Khoi, Pho tong giam doc Tong Cty Thep Viet Nam (VNSteel) cho biet, nguy co bong bong thi truong bat dong san o Trung Quoc, da khien nhieu nha may thep o nuoc nay dong cua.

Mot luong thep du thua lon co nguy co do don ve Viet Nam va cac nuoc Dong Nam A, viec nay se bop nghet them nganh thep trong nuoc dang rat kho khan.

Canh bao thep re TQ tran vao Viet Nam, Tin tuc trong ngay, gia thep, thep trung quoc, thep gia re, ton kho, kinh te, VSA, bao

Nha may luyen gang long cua Cty CP Thep Van Loi o Hai Phong da dung san xuat hon nam nay

Ton kho tang, doanh nghiep chet lam sang

Theo VSA, san xuat va tieu thu thep xay dung 6 thang dau nam nay tang cham va giam dan, hang ton kho tang so voi cac thang dau nam.

Ong Pham Chi Cuong, Chu tich VSA cho biet, luong thep xay dung tieu thu 6 thang dau nam gan 2,62 trieu tan, giam khoang 17% so cung ky nam ngoai. Thep tieu thu cham do nen kinh te dang kho khan, cac cong trinh xay dung thieu von phai gian tien do hoac tam dung.

Theo ong Cuong, ton kho cua nganh thep dang tang dan theo tung thang. Binh thuong, thep ton kho moi thang khoang 250-300 nghin tan/thang, day chi la luong “goi dau” cho thang tiep theo.

Tuy nhien, trong thang 6, thep ton kho len 350 nghin tan, thang 7 da len 370 nghin tan. “Lo ngai hon chinh la viec cac DN dang co san xuat lai, cam chung, tham chi dung hoat dong”, ong Cuong noi.

Theo VSA, hien cac DN da giam cong suat, lam tu 3 con 2 ca, nhieu DN dung san xuat. “Dieu nay, bao hieu khong binh thuong so voi nam truoc day. Trong so 70 DN san xuat thep trong nuoc, du chua co giay to khang dinh pha san, nhung co 5-6 DN gan nhu chet han, khong san xuat gi may thang nay, khoang 15 DN giam luong (chi tra 70%), cat giam lao dong” - lanh dao VSA cho biet.

Tuy nhien, theo mot so doanh nghiep nganh thep, so DN thep chet lam sang hien nay co the gap doi con so cua VSA thong bao, len khoang 10-12 DN.

Lanh dao VSA canh bao, hien cong suat san xuat thep cua cac nha may la hon 11 trieu tan, trong khi kha nang tieu thu trong nam nay khoang hon 5-5,5 trieu tan, chua ke thep nhap khau.

Cong suat du thua nay trong khi toc do tieu thu cham cang gay them tram trong cho nganh thep. Chua ke, nhieu dia phuong van tiep tuc cap phep dau tu moi du an thep, hoac kien nghi Bo Cong Thuong cho phep tiep tuc dau tu, khien tinh trang du thua cong suat so voi nhu cau thuc te them dang lo ngai.

Trong khi do, voi cac du an thep “khung” da duoc cap phep nhu nha may thep lien hop Formosa o khu cong nghiep Vung Ang, Ha Tinh (cap phep dau tu tu 2008), vua roi da quyet dinh tang quy mo du an len 22,77 trieu tan/nam, thay vi 15 trieu tan nhu dang ky ban dau.

Con khu lien hop cua Tycoon va E. United ISM tai khu cong nghiep Dung Quat (Quang Ngai), cap phep tu nam 2006, nhung tu do chi rat it hoat dong, do nha dau tu thieu kha nang tai chinh.

Gan day, E.United da hop tac voi tap doan thep JFE (Nhat Ban), cuoi nam nay se lap nha may thep lien hop cong suat 3,5 trieu tan/nam tai Dung Quat.

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