Bao bap bieu tuong cua suc manh chau Phi

Thứ bảy, 02 Tháng sáu 2001, 17:26 GMT+7


Bao bap bieu tuong cua suc manh chau Phi
Cay bao bap chau Phi.

Moc rai rac tren duong pho, lang mac, hay thanh quan the tren cac savan nhiet doi, “lun nhung map” voi cai than khong lo vai chuc nguoi om khong xue, co nhung cay da hang the ky qua dung giua nang gio chau Phi… Do la bao bap - loai cay xuat hien trong rat nhieu chuyen co tich, dan gian cua chau luc den.

Bao bap (baobab) chi xuat hien o mot so vung thuoc chau Phi, rat hiem thay tren cac chau luc khac. Nhieu to chuc, doanh nghiep va bao chi da lay no lam ten goi hay logo cua minh. Chang thay ai trong baobab, cung khong ai dam chat baobab cho du no co nam ngay trong vuon nha ho. Nguoi ta coi cay nay nhu tai san quoc gia.

Bao bap moc tu do tu hat. Chi can vut hat xuong dat, den mua mua, hat do se nay thanh cay. Mua kho, bao bap con la thuc an cua dong vat, ngay ca re cua no cung bi cac con vat dao boi de gam, cuoi cung no chi con cai than tro trui. Cay nao song duoc qua mua kho lai tiep tuc phat trien. Trai qua khong biet bao nhieu nam thang, voi cac chu ky kho am noi nhau, cuoi cung no tro thanh cay khong lo. Qua that, bao bap co suc song phi thuong.

“Toan than la dam”


Bao bap bieu tuong cua suc manh chau Phi
Qua bao bap.

Gan nhu bo phan nao cua bao bap cung co ich. Thang 8 cay ra hoa. Bong hoa co cuong dai 20 – 30 cm, co khi toi 50 cm, treo lung lang nhu nhung cai chuong. Canh hoa trang ngan nhu hoa quynh. Dem nghien thanh bot, che bien them se thu duoc mot thu nuoc uong ma nguoi ta goi la “faim de singe”, rat bo.

Qua bao bap hinh bau duc, nhieu hat, co qua to toi 16-17 cm, dai 30 cm. Ben trong chua mot loai bot nhu bot san. Bot nay vi hoi chua, duoc dung de nau mon “ka -lac”, mot mon an sen set, mau trang, vi ngot nhu sua chua, cung rat bo.

Vo cay day va dai. Nguoi chau Phi thuong lot vo ay ve ben thanh day thung.

Dem nghien la bao bap, duoc mot thu bot min mau xanh tham, dung de nau mon an truyen thong cous-cous ma nguoi Phi rat ua chuong.

Tu cuoi thang 11 tro di, mua kho den. Hang dan 30-40 con bo tu tap duoi goc cay bao bap. Nguoi chan bo leo len cay chat la xuong cho chung an. Nhieu cay chi con tro than canh, cung la luc co cay duoi chan no da kho heo, hoa lan vao cat bui. Luc nay, trong bao bap nhu nhung nguoi khong lo thap lun va luc luong, giang tay dung giua savan menh mong duoi troi nang nhu do lua va khi hau kho khoc cua xu nhiet doi.

Cay baobab mang lai nhieu loi ich cho con nguoi nen o mot so vung, nguoi ta goi no la cay “banh my”. Bat chap thien nhien nghiet nga, nhung cay bao bap van mai dung do, truong ton voi cac the he nguoi Phi.

Bich Hanh



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