Tu thang 6 se tiem mien phi vacxin 5 trong 1

Thứ hai, 24 Tháng năm 2010, 17:33 GMT+7


Tu thang 6 se tiem mien phi vacxin "5 trong 1"
Vacxin co hieu qua bao ve hon 90%. Anh: H.L.

Bat dau tu 1/6, vacxin moi 5 trong 1 phong cac benh ho ga, bach hau, uon van, viem gan B va viem phoi, viem mang nao mu do vi khuan Hib se duoc tiem chung mo rong mien phi tren toan quoc cho tre duoi 1 tuoi.

Tien si Nguyen Tran Hien, Chu nhiem Chuong trinh tiem chung mo rong quoc gia cho biet, thay vi tiem 3 mui phong 5 benh, gio day tre chi can tiem 1 mui. Hieu qua bao ve cung tuong tu nhu tiem tung mui.

"Cac nghien cuu cho thay phan ung sau khi tiem vacxin phoi hop 5 trong 1 it hon so voi tiem chung tung loai. Khong co truong hop phan ung nang sau tiem duoc ghi nhan. Phan ung thuong gap la phan ung tai cho tiem, khoang 10% co sot hon 38 do C", tien si Hien cho biet.

Trong do, vacxin ngua viem phoi, viem mang nao mu do vi khuan Hib lan dau tien duoc dua vao tiem phoi hop.

Hib la nguyen nhan hang dau gay viem mang nao cap do vi khuan o tre duoi 5 tuoi. Benh lay qua duong ho hap, truc tiep tu nguoi nay sang nguoi khac qua nhung giot nuoc bot do hat hoi va ho. Tre tu 6 thang den 2 tuoi la nhom co nguy co mac cao nhat.

Tai Viet Nam, hang nam Hib gay ra hon 600 truong hop viem mang nao, hon 100.000 truong hop viem phoi. Ty le tu vong co the tu 5% den 10%.

Benh viem mang nao do Hib co the de lai nhung bien chung nang ne (ty le bien chung khoang 10%) nhu: di chung than kinh vinh vien, ton thuong nao, diec, roi loan tam than...

Vacxin 5 trong 1 nay da duoc su dung o 34 quoc gia tren the gioi, tiem cho tre luc 2, 3 va 4 thang tuoi. Voi nhung tre da duoc tiem phong bach hau, ho ga, uon van va viem gan B mui 1, 2 thi cac mui sau se duoc tiem tiep bang vacxin 5 trong 1.

Vacxin khong tiem cho tre duoi 6 tuan tuoi vi co the con mien dich tu me. Ngoai ra, khong tiem cho tre tren 5 tuoi va nguoi lon vi se tang phan ung sau tiem.

Nam Phuong



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