Su phat trien ngon ngu cua be nam dau doi

Thứ năm, 24 Tháng bảy 2008, 09:23 GMT+7


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Tu 0 den 1 tuoi la giai doan tien ngon ngu o tre. Tu tieng khoc chao doi den cac don am u, o... roi cac am tiet ro hon nhu baba, mama, papa va cuoi cung la nhung tieng goi me, ba, ba... la mot qua trinh phat trien rat ky dieu cua be.

Qua trinh nay co the duoc chia thanh cac giai doan khac nhau.

Giai doan thu nhat: ba thang dau doi la giai doan luyen tap dau tien cho viec phat am. Tieng khoc khi chao doi chinh la am thanh phat ra dau tien chuan bi cho viec hoc noi sau nay cua tre. Giai doan nay tre phat ra nhung am don gian tu co hong, biet liu lo au o bang cac am don nhu: a, u, u, ou… va nhung tieng “gu gu” khi be vui ve, thoai mai. Doi khi tre phat ra nhu tieng keu bieu hien su thich thu. Be thich noi chuyen, tro nen lanh loi khi nghe am thanh vao khoang thang thu 3, bieu hien bang cai chop mat, co the bat dau bi danh thuc boi nhung tieng on hay giat minh quay ve huong phat ra am thanh de xem “do la cai gi?”. Be se cam thay em a neu do la giong cua me.

Giai doan thu hai: tu thang thu 4 den thang thu 8 la giai doan tre co the phat ra cac am tiet lien nhau. Tre hoat bat hon, phat am cung tang len ro ret. Am van xuat hien nhu cac am: “ong, anh…”, hoac cac am tiet cung nhau nhu: baba, dada, mama, papa,…

Thang thu 5, tre biet tao ra am thanh giong nhu “goo goo” va thoi bot bong bong (phun mua) de luyen tap co moi. Be da co the nhan ra tieng goi ten rieng.

Khoang thang thu 6, be bat dau hay bap be, lap lai am thanh: “papa” de tao su chu y hoac bieu lo cam xuc. Cuoi thang thu 6, be da biet thay doi tieng khoc de phat ra nhung tin hieu ham chua nhu cau dac biet khac nhau.

Thang thu 7, be co the lap lai am thanh be nghe thay, bat chuoc nhung tieng khac nhau.

Thang thu 8, be liu lo nhieu hon, biet ghep nhieu am tiet hon va bat chuoc nhung am thanh khac nhau. De thuan loi cho viec phat trien ngon ngu cua tre, cha me co the doc cho be nghe nhung bai tho ngan, van dieu de nho, be se rat thich thu neu nhung bai tho, bai hat do duoc kem voi mot dong tac tay chan.

Giai doan thu ba: vao khoang 9 den 12 thang: La thoi ky bap be hoc noi. O giai doan nay, tre phat am lien tuc va am tiet tang len ro ret. Buoc ngoat cua giai doan nay la: nhung tu dau tien xuat hien.

Thoi gian dau tien, be thuong noi nhung cap tu lay: mama, papa, papa, mimi,… Buoc sang thang thu 10, be co the hieu duoc y chung cua cau va hay lam cu chi, dong tac di kem voi tu be noi. Vi du: Khi duoc goi nho hoac duoc gay cam hung, be co the noi: “byebye” va vay vay ban tay nho xiu trong rat dang yeu hay khi me mang do an den cho be, be noi: “mam mam” va kem theo do la dong tac vo tay. Mat khac, be co the dung mot tu de bieu lo nhieu thu, vi du: “mam” de chi tat ca cac hanh dong an uong.

Tu thang 11, be cung co the biet goi ba, me hoac ten mot vai nguoi trong gia dinh. Be cung co the noi duoc cau hai tu nhu: an chao, di choi.

Giai doan tien ngon ngu la giai doan chuan bi cho viec hoc noi cua be, vi vay no rat quan trong. Neu cha me chuan bi tot, quan tam nhieu toi be, se giup be nhanh biet noi hon.

De giup be, cha me co the:

- Doc cho be nghe: Ngay tu khi tre sinh ra, cha me hoac nguoi lon nen doc cho cac be nghe nhung cau chuyen, dac biet la cau chuyen co nhan vat, co cot truyen hoac hat ru cho be ngu.

- Vua chi vua noi: Khi di dau ve, ban hay suu tam mot vat gi do. Ban dua ra va noi ve do vat nay voi be, giup tre co hung thu tim hieu, kham pha do vat.

- Su dung nhung tu co y nghia tuong tu de mo ta cung mot su vat.

(Theo Lam Cha Me)



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