Nhung moi nguy tiem an trong thit lon

Thứ sáu, 11 Tháng một 2013, 08:52 GMT+7

An tiet canh lay may trong ngay Tet la mot thoi quen co lau doi. Tuy nhien, day la thoi quen rat nguy hiem vi trong tiet canh noi rieng va thit lon khong dam bao an toan noi chung la nguon gay nhiem nhieu can benh nguy hiem den tinh mang con nguoi.

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Vao dip cuoi nam, nguoi dan o cac lang que thuong co thoi quen tap hop vai ba ho gia dinh “dung” chung mot con lon de bo gio, goi banh chung. Nhung moi lan "dung" lon thi khong the thieu mon khoai khau la tiet canh, long lon, chao long… nga ra nhau nhet voi nhau ngay tat nien. 
Nhieu nguoi dinh ninh va tin rang an lon nha minh tu nuoi, lon sach thi khong so bi nhiem benh chinh vi quan niem nay ma khong it truong hop phai nhap vien cap cuu tham chi tu vong ngay sau khi dung lon, an tiet canh. 

Nhung moi nguy tiem an trong thit lon
Bac si Pham Van Dai, nguyen chu nhiem khoa Kham benh Benh vien 108 cho biet, tiet canh hoan toan khong phai la mon an tuoi mat, bo... ma thuc chat thi day la mon an rat mat ve sinh. Vi tren co the cua lon chua khong chi la lien cau lon ma mot so loai ky sinh trung khac nhu giun, san.
Tiet canh voi thanh phan chu yeu la mau tuoi cua gia suc, gia cam, tuy giau protein, protit nhung cung la moi truong thuan loi cho vi sinh vat phat trien. Mot bat tiet canh co toi 10 loai vi khuan gay hai cho con nguoi. Chua ke, neu dong vat giet thit bi nhiem benh hoac trong qua trinh giet mo khong dam bao ve sinh thi con so nay se tang gap boi. 
Hon nua, khi cat tiet, nhung vi khuan dinh trong long, da cua con vat co the troi vao trong mau roi truyen benh cho nguoi an.

Lau nay da co rat nhieu loi canh bao ve muc do nguy hiem cua mon an nay, nhung trong 3 thang cuoi nam 2012 da co lien tiep nhung ca nhap vien tham chi tu vong do an tiet canh, long lon khong dam bao ve sinh ...

Theo thong ke tai Benh vien Benh nhiet doi Trung uong, tu dau nam toi nay da co gan 50 truong hop nhap vien dieu tri do nhiem lien cau khuan lon. Phan lon benh nhan nhiem lien cau khuan deu tham gia che bien, giet mo, an thit, tiet canh, long lon.


Nhung benh de lay do an tiet canh, thit lon ban

Benh lien cau khuan o lon: Benh lien cau khuan la benh truyen nhiem co the xay ra o hau het cac loai dong vat mau nong, trong do co lon. Can benh nay rat de lay nhiem sang nguoi khi an phai tiet canh lon bi benh lien cau, thuc te o nuoc ta, tren 70% benh nhan mac lien cau khuan lon la do an tiet canh lon.

Hoac nhung nguoi co cac vet thuong, xay xat o da nhung lai tiep suc voi mau, dich tiet… cua lon bi benh lien cau khi cham soc, giet mo, van chuyen thit, mau lon benh. 

Benh cung co the lay qua duong ho hap do hit phai lien cau khuan co trong khong khi do lon benh ho, hat hoi ban ra hoac thoi quen khi mua thit nguoi dan thuong dua thit len mui de ngui.

Nguoi bi benh lien cau khuan tu lon thuong mac o hai the. O the cap tinh, benh nhan bi nhiem trung huyet, sot cao, xuat huyet va hoai tu toan than, suy tuan hoan, suy ho hap, suy chuc nang gan, than… va tu vong rat nhanh. O the viem mang nao, benh nhan sot cao, dau dau, non mua va hon me, neu khong dieu tri som benh nhan se co di chung than kinh nhu ngo ngan, mat tri nho, liet.


Nhung moi nguy tiem an trong thit lon
 Ban tay cua mot benh nhan nhiem lien cau lon.

De phong benh lien cau lon, nguoi dan khong nen mua ban, giet thit va an thit lon benh va chet. Tuyet doi khong an tiet canh lon. Khi phai tiep xuc voi lon nghi hoac mac benh lien cau can phai deo khau trang, gang tay va mac quan ao bao ho lao dong. Khi nghi bi benh lien cau lon can den cac so so y te som de duoc chan doan va dieu tri kip thoi.

Benh viem mang nao mu, nhiem trung huyet: Day la 2 can benh de lay nhiem tu lon. Nhung nguoi bi viem mang nao mu va nhiem trung huyet do vi khuan Streptococcus suis tu lon lay sang nguoi do an tiet canh song, long lon, thit lon khong dam bao ve sinh.

Dau hieu cua nguoi bi viem mang nao mu la sot, nhuc dau, buon non, lanh run: Do mang nao bi ton thuong, cac benh nhan deu co dau hieu roi loan tri giac, co the dan toi hon me, u hoac diec tai, mot vai nguoi con bi liet tay chan. 

Con bi nhiem trung mau do Streptococcus suis, thi se co dau hieu sot, dau nhuc co, dau hong, tham chi soc nhiem trung, hon me. Loai vi khuan nay thuong tru o duong ho hap cua lon nen khi an tiet canh song vi khuan nay xam nhap vao co the va gay benh.

Ben canh do cung co the nhiem Streptococcus suis khi tiep xuc truc tiep voi lon mang trung, lon benh hoac thit bi nhiem trung chua nau chin. Vi khuan se xam nhap qua cac vet thuong tren da hay niem mac cua mui, mieng vao co the.

Benh lon tai xanh: Day la can benh thuong gay ra dai dich va la noi kinh hoang cua nguoi chan nuoi. Benh heo tai xanh khong lay sang nguoi nhung co gan 70% virus nay ket hop voi cac benh khac nhu cum lon, tu huyet trung, ta, thuong han va co the gay nguy hiem den tinh mang.

Benh lo mom long mong: Benh lo mom long mong o lon co the lay sang nguoi qua duong tiep xuc an uong, virus khi lay nhiem gay benh co the lam viem niem mac mieng, lo moi, lo mieng... cho nguoi. 

Thong thuong tren mieng thit da duoc cat ra khong the biet duoc la tu heo mac benh lo mom long mong; vi vay tot nhat van la phai nau chin thit that ky de loai tru mam benh. An tiet canh song, thit lon tai chua nau ki thi nguy co lay benh len toi gan 100%.

Nhiem giun xoan: Day la benh truyen nhiem cap hoac ban cap tinh do au trung giun xoan gay ra, neu khong dieu tri kip thoi, benh se co nhung bien chung nguy hiem, tham chi la tu vong.

Giun nhiem tu lon sang nguoi khi nguoi an phai thit lon co au trung chua duoc nau chin do an cac mon nhu nem song lam tu thit lon, an thit lon tai, thit hun khoi hoac uop muoi, an tiet canh lon.

Benh co the gap o bat cu lua tuoi nao, muc do benh phu thuoc muc do nhiem au trung, do toan dich vi va tinh trang roi loan tieu hoa. Neu benh nhan co di long nhieu thi tinh trang benh se do hon nhieu. Sau khoang 15 ngay ke tu khi au trung tu mau vao co van va tao thanh ken, co cac bieu hien chu yeu sau: Sot, dau co phu ne …Neu khong dieu tri kip thoi co the co nhieu bien chung xay ra nhu suy ho hap, suy gan, suy tim, suy kiet, boi nhiem, dau dau, me sang…

 

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