5 hieu lam ve benh tang huyet ap

Thứ tư, 23 Tháng tư 2008, 08:47 GMT+7



Anh: Dailymail.

Mot so nguoi huyet ap rat cao nhung khong co bieu hien gi dac biet, trong khi nhung nguoi khac trieu chung rat ro rang nhung huyet ap lai khong cao lam.

Tang huyet ap la tinh trang huyet ap toi da bang hoac lon hon 140 mmHg, huyet ap toi thieu lon hon hoac bang 90 mmHg tro len. Tang huyet ap co the la tang mot trong hai chi so nay, hoac ca hai. Truong hop huyet ap toi thieu tang cao la rat nguy hiem, de gay tai bien.

Bieu hien lam sang cua benh rat phuc tap, tuy the trang cua tung nguoi. Benh nhe co cac trieu chung nhu dau dau, chong mat, u tai hoa mat, mat ngu muc do nhe... Benh nang se gay dau dau du doi, dau vung tim, thi luc giam sut; nguoi benh tho gap, mat do bung hoac tai xanh, tham chi co the non hoac buon non, hot hoang...

Tang huyet ap co the la nguyen nhan cua cac benh o dong mach vanh, tim, xo cung dong mach than. Duoi day la mot so hieu biet sai lam ve benh nay:

Tang huyet ap cung voi tuoi tac la hien tuong binh thuong

Huyet ap se tang ty le thuan voi do tuoi; dac biet la vao giai doan lao hoa, huyet ap toi da tang ro ret nhat. Tuy nhien, day khong phai la mot hien tuong sinh ly, ma rat co hai cho suc khoe. Nguoi huyet ap toi da cao co nguy co gap cac tai bien nguy hiem cao gap 3-6 lan so voi nguoi co chi so nay binh thuong, can co bien phap dieu tri de phong ngua duoc cac benh ve tim va mach mau nao.

Chi can uong thuoc ha ap khi tinh than cang thang

Mot so nguoi gia cho rang thuat ngu “tang huyet ap” dung de chi nhung nguoi bi kich thich ve tinh than va cang thang ve than kinh. Do do, ho chi uong thuoc khi cam thay kho chiu, cang thang ve tinh than. Nhung nen biet rang tang huyet ap khong chi do su cang thang ve tinh than; co rat nhieu nguoi song trong dieu kien thoai mai nhe nhang ma van bi. Viec dung thuoc khong dung se co the dan den tai bien nguy hiem.

Co the biet benh nang, nhe qua cam giac

Trieu chung cua tang huyet ap nhieu khi khong dong nhat voi muc do benh. Co khi trieu chung rat ro rang nhung huyet ap lai khong cao lam. Nguoc lai, co nhung nguoi huyet ap rat cao nhung trieu chung lam sang rat ngheo nan nen khong uong thuoc, khien nhieu chung benh cung phat sinh nhu tim phi dai, nhoi mau co tim...

Do do, nen dinh ky kiem tra suc khoe, trong do co do huyet ap de phat hien benh. Voi nhung nguoi da co chan doan tang huyet ap, nen do thuong xuyen de biet dien bien benh.

Chi can thay doi che do an va sinh hoat la du

Khi bac si thuong khuyen rang ben canh viec uong thuoc ha huyet ap hang ngay, benh nhan can chu y thay doi che do an uong, sinh hoat nhu giam beo, nang tap the duc the thao, an giam muoi. Nhung mot so nguoi lai hieu nham rang, ho khong can uong thuoc ma chi can chon lay mot trong nhung cach tren la co the cai thien benh. Thuc ra phan lon cac bien phap nay chi co vai tro bo tro, chu khong the thay the thuoc. Neu khong dung thuoc ma bac si da chi dinh, ban co the gap nguy hiem.

Ngung thuoc khi thay benh giam

Rat nhieu benh nhan sau khi dieu tri thay huyet ap tro lai muc binh thuong da tu y ngung thuoc vi cho rang minh da hoan toan khoe manh tro lai. Tren thuc te, so nguoi bi tang huyet ap dieu tri khoi rat hiem, vi vay can phai canh giac, lien tuc kiem tra dieu chinh nham phong chong nhung bien chung. Phan lon benh nhan phai uong thuoc suot doi.

Khong phai nguoi co huyet ap 150 mmHg thi se an toan hon nguoi co huyet ap 200 mmHg. Su an toan tinh mang chu yeu la do y thuc bao ve suc khoe. Nguoi huyet ap cao 200 mmHg ma biet cach chu y giu gin, uong thuoc theo dung chi dinh cua bac si, song dieu do thi se giup huyet ap on dinh lai. Nguoc lai, nguoi huyet ap von chi o muc 150 mmHg ma khong chiu giu gin, an uong vo toi va, khong tap luyen thuong xuyen thi rat de tien trien thanh benh nang.

(Theo Suc Khoe & Doi Song)



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