Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban

Thứ bảy, 30 Tháng bảy 2011, 01:32 GMT+7

Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban Tiep tuc loat bai ve nhung dieu can luu y khi nang cap phan cung may tinh. Bai viet hom nay se ban ve nhung van de ban can quan tam khi nang cap card do hoa.

Cac bai truoc chung ta da de cap den nhung van de can luu y khi nang cap cac phan cung co ban cua may tinh nhu CPU hay Mainboard. Hom nay chung ta se cung tim hieu them ve nhung van de can biet khi muon nang cap mot chiec card do hoa.

Chon card do hoa nao la tot nhat?

De chon cho minh mot chiec card do hoa ung y, phu hop voi tui tien nhung van dam bao khong qua chenh lech voi cac phan cung khac trong may (dieu nay de dan toi hien tuong nghen co chai) thi ban can quan tam toi toc do cua cac thanh phan khac cua may tinh nhu CPU va RAM. Neu chon mot card do hoa qua manh thi thoi gian hoan thanh cac cong viec cua GPU se dien ra rat nhanh, nhung do CPU van chua duoc nang cap nen se khong theo kip toc do xu ly cua GPU khien cho GPU phai dung lai de doi CPU hoan thanh phan viec cua no. Nguoc lai, neu chon 1 chiec card qua yeu thi GPU se khong theo kip toc do cua CPU va CPU lai phai cho.

Vi vay khong phai nang cap may tinh la chi viec chon nhung thu manh nhat da la tot nhat. Cac thiet bi phan cung co ban nay phai co toc do tuong duong nhau thi ban moi su dung het cong suat cua chung duoc.

Tren card do hoa co 2 thanh phan quan trong nhat la nhan xu ly do hoa (core) va thanh phan thu 2 la RAM dung cho card do hoa. Phan nhan xu ly do hoa giong nhu CPU cung la bo nao cua card do hoa, to nhat nam ben duoi bo phan tan nhiet ham ho cua chiec card, con RAM cua card do hoa cung giong nhu RAM cua may tinh, la nhung chip nho nho nham trai dai xung quanh core va voi cac loai card tam trung thi nhung chip cho nay khong co tan nhiet.

Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban, Tin tuc trong ngay, Kinh nghiem nang cao card do hoa cho may tinh ban, kinh ngheim nang cap card do hoa, card do hoa, thay card do hoa, may tinh de ban, vi tinh

Toc do xu ly cua mot chiec card do hoa phu thuoc vao kha nang xu ly cua core va kha nang truyen du lieu cua RAM. Neu ban chi chu y den viec lua chon loai chip do hoa nao co kha nang xu ly cuc tot, nhung kha nang truyen du lieu qua lai giua RAM cua card do hoa toi chip xu ly lai khong dap ung kip luong du lieu ma chip xu ly duoc thi hien tuong nghen co chai co the xay ra ngay chinh tren chiec card do hoa chu khong can so sanh voi nhung phan cung khac.

Toc do truyen tai cua RAM tren card do hoa (hay VRAM) phu thuoc vao loai RAM va bang thong cua RAM. Hien nay tren thi truong card do hoa co kha nhieu loai RAM nhung chu yeu van la 3 loai GDDR2, GDDR3 va GDDR5. Cac loai card trung cap thuong su dung 2 loai 2 va 3, con loai 5 thi thuong duoc dung cho cac loai card cao cap.

Do toc do truyen tai khong chi phu thuoc vao loai RAM nen khong phai cu chiec card nao su dung GDDR5 la se cho toc do tot hon GDDR3. Boi neu loai RAM tot cho toc do xu ly cao nhung bang thong danh cho card do hoa lai thap thi luong du lieu truyen tai cung khong cao (bang thong o day chinh la cac chi so 64-bit, 128-bit hay 256-bit tren card do hoa).

Mot thanh vien cua dien dan VOZ cung da dua ra 1 phep so sanh kha hai huoc nhung kha dung. Do la neu coi loai RAM la loai xe ma ban chay thi bang thong chinh la duong danh cho xe di. Neu su dung RAM co toc do cao ma cho chay tren bang thong hep thi cung giong nhu mang sieu xe chay tren duong lang. Va nguoc lai neu mang RAM co toc do cham nhu GDDR2 chay tren mot card co bang thong toi 256 bit thi cung khong khac mang xe dap de chay tren duong quoc lo.

Van de toc toi uu cua card do hoa van con lien quan den 1 thiet bi nua do la Mainboard. Neu cong PCI-express tren main co toc do khong du dap ung toc do xu ly cua card do hoa thi card do co toc do cao toi dau cung van khong the vuot qua gioi han ve toc do cua khe cam PCI-express. Nhung cung that may man la hien nay hau het cac mainboard doi moi deu da su dung chuan PCI-express 2.0 cho toc do truyen tai du lieu len toi 5Gb/s, dong thoi cac khe cam nay van su dung chung 1 loai cong vat ly voi khe PCI-express 1.1 cu nen cac loai card ho tro PCI-express doi cu van co the su dung tren cac mainboard moi binh thuong.

Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban, Tin tuc trong ngay, Kinh nghiem nang cao card do hoa cho may tinh ban, kinh ngheim nang cap card do hoa, card do hoa, thay card do hoa, may tinh de ban, vi tinh

Khi nang cap card do hoa len dong cao cap hon cung se dan den viec luong dien tieu thu cua may tang len dac biet la khi ban nang tu card do hoa tich hop len card do hoa roi. Luong dien tieu thu tren cac card do hoa roi thuong rat cao so voi cac thiet bi khac tren may tinh va tham chi co 1 so dong card tam trung tieu thu dien bang gan nhu tat ca cac thiet bi con lai tren may tinh cong lai.

Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban, Tin tuc trong ngay, Kinh nghiem nang cao card do hoa cho may tinh ban, kinh ngheim nang cap card do hoa, card do hoa, thay card do hoa, may tinh de ban, vi tinh

Vi vay neu nhu muon chon duoc 1 card do hoa tot nhat cho dan may cua minh thi ban can dam bao cong suat cua bo nguon hien tai dang o muc thua thai. Doi voi nhung dong card tam trung nhu cac dong HD 4800, HD5800 hay tham chi la ca dong HD6800 tro xuong thi chi can 1 chiec nguon cong suat thuc co 500 W la du (cac card doi cao cang tiet kiem dien hon). Con voi cac dang card 2 nhan do hoa thi ban se can loai nguon cao cap hon nua neu muon su dung het cong suat cua chung.

Thao tac lap rap card do hoa

O tren chung ta da tim hieu ve nhung van de chung khi chon mua card do hoa va sau khi chon duoc loai card phu hop chung ta se tien hanh lap rap chung.

Giong nhu cac bai thay phan cung truoc day, viec dau tien bao gio cac ban cung can lam truoc do la rut toan bo day noi den thung may va khu tinh dien trong tu va cac link kien khac bang vong khu tinh dien roi dat thung may duoi anh den.

Mo thung may ben trai va thao vit giu card cu ra. Tren khe cam cua card se co 1 chiec lay nhua giu card, ban phai keo lay nay ra moi co the rut dc card do hoa cu ra khoi khe cam. Neu card do hoa cu cua ban co su dung cac dau cap dien phu thi ban can thao het chung ra truoc.

Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban, Tin tuc trong ngay, Kinh nghiem nang cao card do hoa cho may tinh ban, kinh ngheim nang cap card do hoa, card do hoa, thay card do hoa, may tinh de ban, vi tinh

Con neu truoc day ban chua tung su dung card do hoa roi thi ban can phai mo vi tri dat card do hoa. Vi tri nay thuc ra la 1 mieng thep chan bui ban va con trung chui vao may, ban dung tuoc no vit de day no ra va be gay tam chan nay. Hau het cac card doi moi deu chiem den 2 o (1 o cho cac chan cam 1 o danh cho tan nhiet) nen ban can mo du so o can thiet, neu be qua tay ban co the dung bang dinh bit nhung lo trong khong su dung lai de de phong gian chui vao thung may.

Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban, Tin tuc trong ngay, Kinh nghiem nang cao card do hoa cho may tinh ban, kinh ngheim nang cap card do hoa, card do hoa, thay card do hoa, may tinh de ban, vi tinh

Khong ap dung voi 1 so thung may cao cap co the thao va lap lai tam chan.

Tot nhat khong nen thao tac voi cac thiet bi phan cung bang tay tran, hay kiem 1 doi gang tay de tranh cac mach dien tiep xuc voi mo hoi tay gay ra cac phan ung hoa hoc co hai.

Sau khi nhac card cu ra khoi khe PCI-express, hay tien hanh ve sinh qua phan khe cam truoc khi cam card moi vao. Tiep do hay van lai vit co dinh card man hinh that chac chan boi khoi luong cua card do hoa ngay nay khong phai la nhe, ma no thuong xuyen phai hoat dong trong trang thai nam ngang nen neu khong co dinh chat bang vit thi viec gay card chi la van de thoi gian.

Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban, Tin tuc trong ngay, Kinh nghiem nang cao card do hoa cho may tinh ban, kinh ngheim nang cap card do hoa, card do hoa, thay card do hoa, may tinh de ban, vi tinh

Cuoi cung cac ban cam lai tat ca cac jack cap dien phu tren card, thuong thi trong hop dung card nha san xuat se cung cap them dau chuyen tu nhung dau cap dien det 4 chan thong thuong sang loai dau 6 chan (hoac 8 chan tuy loai card) danh cho card do hoa de phuc vu cho 1 so nguon doi cu khong co du dau cap dien cho card.

Kinh nghiem nang cap card do hoa cho may tinh ban, Tin tuc trong ngay, Kinh nghiem nang cao card do hoa cho may tinh ban, kinh ngheim nang cap card do hoa, card do hoa, thay card do hoa, may tinh de ban, vi tinh

Vay la ban da hoan tat khau lap dat card do hoa moi, chu y rang neu ban truoc day su dung card do hoa tich hop tren main thi sau khi lap card do hoa roi ban phai cam day tin hieu len man hinh vao dau VGA hoac DVI cua card moi thay vi cam vao dau VGA tren main nhu truoc day.

Sau khi lap card do hoa moi ban khoi dong may va cai driver co san tren dia cai di theo card nhung tot nhat la ban nen tai driver moi nhat tu trang chu de dam bao ban khong gap phai nhung loi kho chiu do dung driver doi cu (van de nay kha quan trong neu ban dung card cua ATI).

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